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Geography The study of the earth

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Geography The study of the earth s physical and human features. Six Elements of Geography Five Themes of Geography Map Skills Latitude and Longitude – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography The study of the earth


1
Geography The study of the earths physical and
human features.
  • Six Elements of Geography
  • Five Themes of Geography
  • Map Skills
  • Latitude and Longitude
  • Geography Terms

2
Six Elements of Geography
  • The World in Spatial Terms
  • Places and Regions
  • Physical Systems
  • Human Systems
  • Environment and Society
  • The Uses of Geography

3
The Five Themes of Geography
  • Location Where is it?
  • Absolute location refers to the exact spot of
    a place on the earths surface.
  • Example Levittown, NY 40.725N., 73.514W.
  • Relative location tells where a place is,
    compared with one or more places.
  • Example Wantagh is directly south of Levittown

4
The Five Themes of Geography
  • Place What is it like?
  • Place describes all of the characteristics
    that give an area its own special quality.
  • Examples
  • Physical Features Human Characteristics
  • mountains language
  • waterways religion
  • climate architecture

5
The Five Themes of Geography
  • Human/Environment Interaction What is the
    relationship between people and their
    surroundings?
  • People respond to the
  • environment in many ways
  • in order to meet their
  • everyday needs.
  • Example clearing away forests to create more
    farmland.

6
The Five Themes of Geography
  • Movement How do people in one area relate to
    people in other areas?
  • Throughout history, people, ideas, goods, and
    information have moved from place to place.
  • Example transportation
  • (people and goods) and
  • communication

7
The Five Themes of Geography
  • Region What common features bring geographical
    areas together?
  • Physical features mountains, rivers
  • Human features religion, language

Colorado Mountains Chinatown
8
Continents
  • Continents large bodies of land
  • Seven continents
  • Asia, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Europe,
    North America, South America

9
Hemisphere
  • Hemisphere means half of sphere
  • Geographers divide the earth into four
    hemispheres

10
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11
Latitude
  • Latitude lines or parallels run east to west
  • An imaginary line dividing the world into the
    Northern and Southern hemisphere is called the
    equator 0 degrees Latitude

12
Longitude
  • Running north to south are longitude lines or
    meridians
  • These imaginary lines measure the distance east
    and west of the prime meridian
  • 0 degrees longitude

13
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14
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15
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16
Cartographer - mapmaker
  • Use mathematical formulas to transfer globe
    information onto a flat map.
  • A Globe shows land and water forms accurately.
  • A globe models the true shape of the of the
    earth- Sphere.

17
From Maps to Globes
  • Maps
  • Mapmakers are called cartographers
  • A flat drawing of all or part of the earths
    surface
  • Can show small areas in great detail
  • Can display political boundaries, population
    densities, or even voting returns
  • Not as accurate as a globe, but are easily carried
  • Globes
  • A round scale model of the earth
  • The most accurate way to depict the earth
  • Gives true picture of continents sizes, shapes
    of landmasses, and bodies of water
  • Accurately represent distance and direction

18
Great Circle Route
  • An imaginary line that follows the curve of the
    Earth.
  • Airplane Pilots use these routes because they are
    the shortest distance.

19
Using Maps
20
Using Maps
21
Different Kinds of Maps
  • Political Maps show countries, states, cities,
    boundaries (general purpose map shows a wide
    range of general information)
  • Physical Maps show the earths natural features
    (mountains, plains) (general purpose map)
  • Elevation Maps use color to show the height of
    land above sea level

22
Different Kinds of Maps
  • Relief Maps a physical map that shows changes in
    elevation
  • Historical Maps show information about the past
    or where past events took place (special purpose
    map or thematic map)
  • Distribution maps show how things such as
    language, religion, population, and rainfall are
    distributed throughout an area.
  • (special purpose map or thematic map)

23
Special Purpose Maps
  • Usually shows patterns or themes.
  • Example Historical Maps show when and where
    events took place
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