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Facility Construction


chapter chapter 6 6 Facility Construction Facility Construction Author name here for Edited books – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Facility Construction

chapter 6
  • Facility Construction

Facility Construction
Author name here for Edited books
Construction Planning
  • The facility construction process involves the
    following phases
  • Programming
  • Design
  • Construction
  • Occupancy

Programming Phase
  • Deciding what to build
  • Examining space, cost, and other criteria

Design Phase
  • Design planning with architects
  • Schematic drawings and cost estimates
  • Design development with details such as HVAC
  • Review and verify legal, bidding, and
    construction documents

Construction Phase
  • Contract award with references and qualifications
    of all parties
  • Construction schedule through substantial
  • Construction process and change orders
  • Inspection process

Occupancy Phase
  • Finishing
  • Occupancy permit
  • Facility maintenance and renovations

Finding the Right Builder
  • The construction process normally begins with
    analyzing which builder you might want to hire.
  • There are numerous choices ranging from small
    local builders to national builders, and each
    option needs to be carefully considered.

Finding the Right Builder (continued)
  • Keep the following issues in mind when looking at
    potential builders
  • Ability to obtain materials
  • Ability to hire local workers
  • Ability to purchase materials at a good cost
  • Ability to galvanize subcontractors
  • Ability to complete the project on time and under
  • Ability to guarantee performance

Table 6.1
Preconstruction Phase
  • Contract drawings include the following
  • Site drawings provide information on the
    geographic location, how the project contours to
    the land, any road and parking lots, and where
    current or future utilities will be placed.
  • Architectural drawings show the floor plans from
    the lowest floor to the highest floor.
  • Plumbing drawings show water distribution system
    from piping to fixtures.

Preconstruction Phase (continued)
  • Structural drawings show the supporting systems
    such as foundations, columns, floor systems, roof
    systems, and other elements that are shown in
    great detail, such as where pieces should be
    welded together and how.
  • Mechanical drawings provide information about the
    HVAC system, such as the location of duct work
    and where heating and air-conditioning units will
    be placed.
  • Electrical drawings show the electronic demands
    for the building and placement of electric

Construction Elements
  • Foundation material concrete, steel, wood
  • Substructure
  • Superstructure
  • Exterior components roofing
  • Internal components FFE, seating, flooring

Construction Elements Soil Profiles of Fields
  • Athletic fields tend to fall
  • into one of three types of
  • soil profiles
  • 1. Native soil
  • 2. Modified native soil
  • 3. Sand based
  • The three components of
  • soils
  • 1. Sand
  • 2. Silt
  • 3. Clay

Construction Elements Field Playability
  • The following factors make up field
  • playability
  • Infiltration rate
  • Percolation
  • Degree of compaction

Construction Elements Field Playability
  • Infiltration rate of soil is rate at which water
    is absorbed from the surface into the soil
  • Percolation is amount of time it takes for water
    to pass through the soil and beyond the reach of
    the turfgrass roots.
  • Compaction is the way in which individual
    particles in the soil fit together. In a good
    growing environment, particles are not too
    tightly packed together, creating space in the
    soil that allows air and water to pass through
    the ground. The more serious the compaction, the
    less pore space available to let air and water
    through the soil. If air and water are unable to
    pass through, roots are deprived of two of its
    vital ingredients for growth, and thus start to

Converting Grass to Turf
  • The following six slides take you through the
    process of converting a grass field to synthetic

Step 1 Prepare the Site
Remove the grass field.
Step 2 Level the Ground
The white and red sticks on the bulldozer are
laser guided to make sure the field is level.
Step 3 Gather and Store Supplies
Construction cannot proceed until all the
supplies are delivered and available for use.
Step 4 Cover the Details
Details, such as proper drainage, are critical
during the construction process.
Step 5 Prepare Drainage
  • Installing an under layer of stones will help
    water drain quickly from the field surface

Final Result
Construction Elements Sustainability
  • What does LEED certification mean?
  • LEED certification is the recognized standard for
    measuring building sustainability.
  • Achieving LEED certification is the best way for
    you to demonstrate that your building project is
    truly green.
  • What are several strategies for building a
    sustainable sport facility?

Project Costs
  • Standard budget items for a new building consist
  • of the following
  • Preliminary costs
  • Architectural fees
  • Construction cost
  • Equipment and furniture (up to 15 of total
  • Insurance costs
  • Contingencies (usually 10 of total cost)

Preliminary Costs
  • Acquisition of site
  • Site development
  • Legal fees
  • Cost of bond issue
  • Promotion and publicity
  • Preliminary architect fees for preparation of
    preliminary plans
  • Consultant fees (educational or specialist)

Architectural Fees
  • Preparation of architectural and engineering
    plans (working plans)
  • Supervision of construction
  • Engineering requirements

Construction Cost
  • Building contract and subcontracts
  • Supervision costs
  • Building permits

Equipment and Furniture
  • Up to 15 of the total budget
  • For buildings
  • For outdoor play areas

Completion and Analysis
  • Punch list
  • Monitor the facility because most buildings come
    with a one-year warranty

  • The facility construction process starts with
    finding a qualified builder capable of delivering
    the right building at the right price. With all
    the proper documents and supplies, construction
    can be started.
  • Care needs to be taken to ensure the facility is
    built on budget without compromising quality.

Discussion Questions and Activities
  • When does the construction process begin? (Hint
    before you even start designing the facility.)
  • Which documents are the most important for the
    construction process, and why?
  • Tour a sport facility and examine all the
    construction elements in the facility.
  • Go through a sport facility and conduct a
    sustainability audit by identifying specific
    techniques to reduce waste.
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