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Managing the Rough Landscape of the Flat World: The Role of Information Technology in the Time of Unreason By Bob Travica, Ph.D. University of Manitoba Canada

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Title: Managing the Rough Landscape of the Flat World: The Role of Information Technology in the Time of Unreason By Bob Travica, Ph.D. University of Manitoba Canada


1
Managing the Rough Landscape of the Flat
World The Role of Information Technology in the
Time of Unreason By Bob Travica,
Ph.D. University of Manitoba Canada
  • INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MANAGING INFORMATION
    IN THE DIGITAL ERA
  • University of Botswana
  • Gaborone
  • October 14-16, 2009

2
Outline
  • Presentation and conference topics
  • Theoretical framework
  • Globalization concept
  • Globalization 20 years after
  • IT is globalization force
  • What to do?
  • Shaping globalization with IT
  • Summary

3
Mapping Presentation to Conference Topics
  • Touching on these conference topics
  • Knowledge Management
  • ICT and Information Literacy in the changing
    environment
  • Digital Divide
  • Information Management
  • Digital Library
  • E-commerce
  • E-government
  • Information IT Policy

4
Theoretical Framework
  • Flat world (zealous proponents of
    globalization) globalization literature
  • Rough Landscape (globalization critics
    alternative globalizers) globalization
    literature
  • Time of Unreason (Handy, 1989, 1995)
  • Information Technology (IT, ICT), Information
    systems (IS)
  • Information/Informing View of Organization
    (Travica, 2003, 2005)
  • Informing Science (Cohen, 1999 2009)

5
Globalization Concept
  • Definition Reducing boundaries between countries
    and regions.
  • Economic Reducing trade barriers, allowing for
    free movement of goods, services, money, and
    labor.
  • Political Freer flow of political information
    across borders insertion of supra-national
    organizations in states (watchdogs, alliances,
    NGOs)
  • Cultural Freer exchange of artistic content and
    communication or transfer of lifestyles,
    entertainment, dress codes, cuisines...
  • Regulatory Creation of international
    organizations, legislation, and enforcement.

6
Globalization 20 Years After
  • Some economic progress in economies in transition
    (East Europe, China, India), but 50 of world
    lives below 2/day
  • Global access to consumer goods including luxury
    products, but the middle class is shrinking
    everywhere
  • Knowledge can reach far via Internet (schools,
    digital libraries), but education funds drop with
    widespread cuts in public spending
  • Hopes of growing democracy ended with new,
    ineffective multi-party establishments in East,
    old political machines in West intact, and
    democracys nemesis in East and South
  • Trans-National Corporations, International
    Monetary Fund, World Bank

7
Globalization 20 Years After
  • Salsa dancing, Bollywood film, and Afro-pop head
    North and West, but Western pop culture still
    crosses borders most easily
  • Spreading various cultural imagery and lifestyles
    enabled by global media, but Internet is 50
    Anglophone, and dominating cultural values are
    unison in media (consumerism, egotism,
    competition)
  • Digital divide is alive and well

8
IT is Globalization Force
  • Economic impacts of IT
  • Provide the engine and network environment for
    trans-national corporations (TNCs)
  • Weave global electronic networks engendering
    global supply chains (informational capitalism,
    Castells 1996, 2000)
  • Power techno-economy (Jones, 2003) rich in IT,
    knowledge and capital vs. grunge-economy
    (temps, routine, less lucrative)
  • Deskilling unemployment (white collar sector)

9
IT is Globalization Force
  • Cultural impacts of IT
  • Western thing (language-exclusive, values of
    time, control, organizing)
  • channels for disseminating culture of the Center)
  • Political impacts of IT
  • Control via communication technology Beniger
    (1986)
  • Information pool push by employers, sellers,
    governments, scammers
  • IT challenges management
  • Productivity paradox strategic dilemma
  • User conundrum

(http//a2.vox.com/6a00c225239a5e8fdb00f48cf08d7
a0003-500pi)
10
What to Do? (Id like to change the world)
Impact Opportunity to Reason Act
Provides foundations to overpowering TNCs Claim your stake in global supply chains respecting conditions needed for B2B e-commerce (Travica, 2002)
- Drives techno-capitalism and informational capitalism creating Center and Periphery Impart local needs and capabilities on globalization globo-localization (cases by Lal, 2007 DCosta, ed., 2006). Practical variants of free market concept. - Dont dismantle state and local institutions (Roy, 2005).
Causes deskilling and unemployment Use IT for re-skilling job enrichment Take advantage of new jobs/job enrichment (Internet, data analysts, knowledge worker)
Embodies the Centers logic, values, ideology - Be pragmatic use IT for learning, education, your own needs. Domesticate IT via adoption process. - Influence development of Internet by participating in international forums (Cogburn, 2006).
Continues
11
What to Do?
Impact Opportunity to Reason Act
Disseminates the Centers culture Communicate local culture via open Internet forums (digital video Websites, blogs, social nets)
Serves Big Brother to limit freedoms Engage in information governance in firms and push for e-government (Mayer-Schonbergrr Lazer, 2007) Use Internet for informing from your perspective Seek/organize for alternative globalizing paths.
Challenges management New organizational forms and analytical frameworks (Informing Science, Information View of Organization)
  • Informing Science (Cohen 1999 Cohen Gill,
    eds., 2009)
  • Focus on improving informing processes.

12
Information View of Organization
  • Travica (2003, 2005). Focus on optimizing
    relationship between
  • traditional views of organization intersected
    with information, IT
  • and IS aspects.

13
Shaping Globalization with IT (I-globalize)
  • Journal of Information, Information Technology,
    and Organizations (JIITO) , which I edit a way
    of shaping global information space by using IT
  • Global coverage of JIITO (a part see
    http//jiito.org) - examples
  • Maureen Tanner, Mauritius South Africa,
  • Communication and Culture in Global Software
    Development The Case of Mauritius and South
    Africa
  • Ada W. W. MA, Hong Kong,
  • Computer Supported Collaborative Learning and
    Social Creativity A Case Study of Fashion
    Design
  • Ravi Sharma, SR Apoorva, Venkata M. Varun J.,
    India, Singapore, New Zealand, U.K., U.S.A.,
  • Best Practices for Communication between Client
    and Vendor in IT Outsourcing Projects
  • Alf Steinar Sætre, Jan-Oddvar Sørnes, Larry D.
    Browning, and Keri K. Stephens, Norway U.S.A,
  • Enacting Media Use in Organisations
  • Katia P. Thomaz, Brasil,
  • Critical Factors for Digital Records
    Preservation

14
Summary
  • Globalization process is not uniform (convergence
    divergence, etc.)
  • IT delivers antipode effects in economy, culture,
    politics, organizations
  • There is no predetermination in either
    globalization or the role of IT
  • Plenty of opportunities to reason in the
    flat/rugged world of unreason, and to enact
    globalization processes via managing IT
  • This conference may be one step in that direction
  • Id like to continue this conversation throughout
    the conference
  • Please plan to publish in JIITO visit
    http//jiito.org !
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