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Imperialism

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What is the connection between nationalism and imperialism? Imperialism I think what God would like me to do is paint as much of Africa British Red as possible ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Imperialism


1
How might imperialism result from nationalism?
2
I think what God would like me to do is paint as
much of Africa British Red as possible. -Cecil
Rhodes, Founder of the De Beers Mining Company.
Imperialism
3
"They resemble us, but in appearance are the
colour of pumpkin-porridgeThey are rude of
manners and without any graces or refinement.
They carry a long stick of fire. With this they
kill and loot from many nations." -Zulu
impression of first white men, taken from Zulu
epic poem.
4
When the missionaries came to Africa they had
the Bible and we had the land. They said Let us
pray. We closed our eyes. When we opened them,
we had the Bible and they had the land.
- Bishop Desmond Tutu, 1984
5
Imperialism
The extension of a nations power over other
lands.
6
Why did Europe lead the way in imperialism in the
late 1800s and early 1900s?
  • Nationalism European nations, such as France,
    Great Britain, Germany, and Italy became unified
    and wanted to build up their nations through
    industrialization.
  • Industrialization required more natural
    resources to power their industries. European
    nations began to look to other continents for a
    fresh supply of resources.

7
What were the effects of late 19th century and
early 20th century imperialism?
  • Competition between European nations for control
    of Africa and Asia. In Africa this competition
    for land became known as the Scramble for
    Africa.
  • The spread of European ideals (language,
    religion, political and economic control)
    throughout the world. The idea of Social
    Darwinism served as an excuse for expansion.
    Social Darwinists argued that social progress
    came from the struggle for survival as the
    fit- the strong- advanced while the weak
    declined.
  • Resistance to imperialism by colonized nations
    the outbreak of armed conflicts (Boer War, Opium
    Wars, Boxer Rebellion) and rise of nationalism.

8
Wars of ImperialismThose who resisted 19th
Century European Imperialism
WAR Cause Outcome
BOXER REBELLION Who were the Boxers? A groups of farmers in northern China Created a secret society known as the "Righteous and Harmonious Fists", called the "Boxers" by Western press. Members of the secret society practiced boxing (hence the nickname, the "Boxers") which they believed would make them impervious to bullets. Boxers wanted to rid China of all foreign influence By late 1899, Boxers were massacring Christian missionaries and Chinese Christians. An international force of 2,100 American, British, Russian, French, Italian, and Japanese soldiers were sent to subdue the "rebellion." Boxers were defeated The Boxer Rebellion weakened the Chinese empress (couldnt defeat the imperialists) and hastened the Republican Revolution of 1911 that overthrew the boy emperor and made China a republic
9
WAR Cause Outcome
OPIUM WARS Background By the 1830's, the English had become the major drug-trafficking criminal organization in the world The British grew opium in India, then shipped tons of opium into China, which it traded for Chinese manufactured goods and for tea. This trade had produced, quite literally, a country filled with drug addicts. The Chinese finally grew tired of the effect a society addicted to opium, was having. War broke out when Chinese ships attempted to turn back English merchant vessels, carrying opium, in November of 1839 The English then sent warships in June of 1840. The Chinese, with old-style weapons and artillery, were no match for the British gunships. Finally, in 1842, the Chinese were forced to agree to a peace treaty, which favored the British 1. All British citizens would be subjected to British, not Chinese, law if they committed any crime on Chinese soil. 2. No restrictions were placed on British trade, and, as a consequence, opium trade more than doubled in the three decades following the treaty.
10
WAR Cause Outcome
BOER WAR Background The Boers (Dutch farmers) came to South Africa in the 1600s. They discovered gold and diamonds The British came to South Africa in the 1800s. They wanted the resources the Dutch possessed. War broke out The British set up concentration camps where thousands of women, children as well as Africans died because of malnutrition. Boers lost the war to the British Boers also lost thousands of women and children from the concentration camps. Thousands of native Southern Africans lost their lives
11
Imperialism in Africa and Asia
  • Dominated by Europe
  • Christianity missionaries sent to civilize the
    uncivilized through Christianity
  • Take up the White Mans burden
  • Send forth the best ye breed
  • Go send your sons to exile
  • To serve your captives' need
  • To wait in heavy harness
  • On fluttered folk and wild
  • Your new-caught, sullen peoples,
  • Half devil and half child

Excerpt from Rudyard Kiplings, The White Mans
Burden The United States The Philippine
Islands, 1899.
The Journal, Detroit, 1923.
12
  • The Suez Canal was completed by the French in
    1869 to connect the Mediterranean Sea to the Red
    Sea.
  • American opening of Japan to trade.
  • As European nations raced to claim land in
    Africa, conflict arose. To settle these
    conflicts, European nations met in Berlin,
    Germany in 1884. This meeting became known as
    the Berlin Conference.

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16
Forms of Imperialism
  • Colonies
  • refers to a settlement of people living in a
    territory controlled by a parent or foreign
    country by trade and direct government control.
    (example the British in South Africa)
  • Protectorates
  • refers to a political unit that depends on
    another government for its protection. (example
    Vietnam to France)
  • Spheres of Influence
  • refers to an area in which a foreign power has
    been granted exclusive rights and privileges,
    such as trading rights and mining privileges.
    (example Germany in China)

17
What examples of imperialism exist today?
18
Imperialism Review
1. What does the term imperialism refer to? 2.
Why did Europe emerge as the major imperialist
power of the 1800s? 3. Describe 2 effects of
imperialism in the 19th and 20th century. 4.
What are the 3 most significant forms of
imperialism?
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