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Post War America

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Chapter 26 Post War America (The Cold War) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Post War America


1
Chapter 26
  • Post War America
  • (The Cold War)

2
April 12, 1945
  • Roosevelt Died and Truman Became President

3
Potsdam Conference
4
US Verses Soviet Union
  • Soviet Union
  • Encourage Communism as part of struggle between
    worker and wealthy
  • Rebuild its war revenged economy
  • Control Eastern Europe to balance US Control of
    Western Europe
  • Keep Germany divided and weak so it would never
    again threaten Soviet Union
  • United States
  • Create new world Order (Self Determination)
  • Gain Access to raw materials
  • Rebuild European Governments to ensure stability
    and create markets
  • Reunite Germany

5
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6
Soviets Tighten grip on Eastern Europe
  • Formed Satellite Nations
  • Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Hungary
  • Romania
  • Poland
  • Stalin Formed Communist Governments in these
    nations

7
Trumans Reaction to the Satellite countries
  • Containment To stop the spread of communism
    into countries that do not want to be communist
    falls in the hands of the United States

8
Churchills response
  • A shadow has fallen upon the scene so lately
    lighted by the Allied victoryFrom Stettin in the
    Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron
    curtain has descended across the continent

9
The Iron Curtain
10
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11
Berlin Wall
12
The Cold War Heats Up
13
Truman Doctrine
  • Truman Proclaimed that under the policy of
    Containment, it was the our responsibility to
    provide assistance to countries resisting
    communist take over
  • This doctrine provide 400 Million dollars in
    support to Turkey and Greece

14
The Marshall Plan
  • Secretary of State George Marshal Proposed that
    the US provide relief for all western European
    countries
  • 1948-1952 Us gave 16 Billion in aid to western
    European countries
  • These countries began to flourish

15
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16
Berlin Airlift
17
The Berlin Airlift
  • 327 Days
  • 277,000 Flights
  • 2.3 million tons of supplies
  • Food
  • Fuel
  • Medicine
  • Christmas Presents

18
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19
Trouble In China
  • Chiang Kai-shek
  • Nationalist
  • 3 billion in aid
  • Ruled Southern and Eastern China
  • Relied on Aid from US
  • Struggled with inflation and falling economy
  • Weak leadership
  • Mao Zedong
  • Communist
  • Ruled in Northern China
  • Relied on Aid from Soviet Union
  • Attracted Peasants with promises of land reform
  • Experienced Guerilla army force
  • Great LEadership

20
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21
Japan took over Korea in 1910. Ruled until the
end of WWII. After the War the Soviets took over
North Korea and the US took over South Korea.
22
South Korea
  • Syngman Rhee headed the government
  • Capitol city was Seoul
  • The Republic of Korea

23
North Korea
  • Kim Il Sung
  • Soviet Controlled
  • The Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
  • Pyongyang Capitol city

24
Korean War begins
  • US pulls out of Korea leaving only 500 troops
    behind
  • Soviets Conclude that US not willing to fight for
    Korea
  • Soviets back north with tanks, money, and
    airplanes to prepare for attack.
  • June 25 1950 North Korea invade the south
  • On June 27, 1959 Truman ordered troops fro Japan
    to aid the South Koreans

25
Truman Responds
  • Truman sends in the old war horse of the Pacific
  • Douglas MacArthur
  • MacArthur pushes the communist all the way back
    to the Chinese border.
  • He pleas with Truman to go ahead and let him take
    china while he is on a roll.
  • The War ended in a stalemate

26
The Cold War at Home
27
The Loyalty Review Board
  • Harry Truman
  • Investigate Government Employees
  • US Attorney posted a list of 91 organizations
    that were considered suspicious
  • Membership to these organizations could cost you
    your job
  • From 1947 to 1951 3.2 million people were
    investigated
  • 212 lost their jobs

28
House on Un-American Activities (HUAC)
  • Accused Hollywood of being infiltrated by
    Communism
  • Began to investigate
  • Produced the Hollywood Ten
  • Ten witnesses that refused to testify and were
    sent to jail

29
Government strikes out at Hollywood
  • 500 actors, writers, and directors were
    blacklisted from working in Hollywood

30
The McCarran Act
  • McCarran thought the Loyalty Review Board was not
    strict enough
  • Passed and act that made it unlawful for to plan
    any action that might lead to the establishment
    of a totalitarian dictatorship in America.

31
SPIES AMONG US Alger Hiss The Rosenberg's Sent
to Jail for espionage Sent to the
Electric Chair
32
Two Men become famous for communist witch
hunts Richard M. Nixon Joseph
McCarthy Pursuant of Hiss McCarthyism
33
The Cold War Spreads Around the world
34
Brinkmanship
  • Eisenhower
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • Stronger Air force
  • Children Practiced Air raids
  • Fall out shelters

35
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36
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37
Warsaw Pact
38
Eisenhower responds to Warsaw Pact
  • Eisenhower Doctrine
  • Say US will defend the middle east against
    communist aggression

39
The Race for Space
40
Sputnik October 4, 1957 1st Russian Successful
space launch and recovery
41
U-2 Spy Plane flew missions over Soviet Occupied
territory Francis Gary Powers Shot down and
sentenced to ten years in a Soviet Prison
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