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Before Reading_ MAIN

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The evil stepmother of Snow White looked in the mirror, ... Sleigh bells, ole Santa, snow flakes, families out together shopping, toys, reindeer, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Before Reading_ MAIN


1
1. Billy Gilman
Billy Gilman is an American country music singer
and songwriter. Born on May 24, 1988, he grew up
in nearby Hope Valley. He was singing before he
started school and developed rapidly enough to
start performing publicly and received notice as
a performer at the age of seven. As a famous
child star, he was booked as an opening act at
several county fairs.
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
Gilman completed his debut album (????), One
Voice, in 2000. Its title song, a spiritual plea
(??) against school violence, climbed into the
Top 20 of the country charts, and the album
itself hit number two and quickly went gold. The
follow-up single, Oklahoma, was also a Top 40
hit, and the holiday album Classic Christmas was
rushed out by the end of 2000 it reached number
four on the country charts. The song Warm and
Fuzzy is selected from his album Classic
Christmas.
2
2. Listen to the Song

English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
3
3. Questions About the Song
1) Do you know the meaning of the title Warm
and Fuzzy?
Warm and fuzzy or warm fuzzy is an informal
expression which is used to refer to a
sentimentally emotional response or something
designed to evoke such a response. For example,
Babies require a lot of attention, not just
momentary warm fuzzies.
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
2) What is the warm and fuzzy time of year?
Can you say a few words about it?
Background Information
It refers to Christmas. For Christians, Christmas
season lasts from Christmas Eve till after New
Years Day or, especially in England, till
Epiphany (???) (January 6). Most Westerners will
decorate their homes, schools and offices for the
holidays. And they will send Christmas cards to
their friends and gifts as well.
3) Can you figure out words and expressions
connected with Christmas in the song?
Sleigh bells, ole Santa, snow flakes, families
out together shopping, toys, reindeer, etc.
4






1. Introductory Remarks
The poem you are going to hear is written by a
little girl named Shannon Vanderstelt. The girl
takes the time to express her feelings through a
poem about her grandma. Simple as it is, the poem
has a touching effect. Shannons grandmother
suffers from Alzheimers disease (??????), a kind
of degenerative (???)brain disorder.
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
5






2. Listen to the Poem
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
6






You were so strong, mighty, and bold Your life
was too short to already been sold I miss hearing
you sing and pray The hours are cutting short, it
could be any day I want you back sound body and
mind I wish there were a key I could find To
bring you back out of this state Oh why did this
have to be your fate
This must have been Gods very plan To watch you
grow and see your wings span Youve served him
right from the start He welcomes you to his home
and heart My love for you will never die I will
hold your Sparkle in my eye I know Ill be
singing with you someday soon Walking through the
gates of heaven, singing the same glorious tune
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
7






3. Questions About the Poem
1) What does the little girl say to her
grandmother in the poem?
English Song
The girl expresses her deep love to her beloved
grandmother and hopes that she will recover from
her severe illness.
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
2) How old are your grandparents? Are they
living alone or with a child of theirs?
Background Information
3) Do you always try to communicate with your
grandparents? Do you care to know what they
really need?
8



1. Barbie Dolls as Christmas Presents
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
Barbie Dolls as Christmas Presents Perhaps the
most famous name in doll-making history, Barbie
has delighted children since 1959. Made of molded
plastic with her hair pulled back into a
ponytail, she was available in either 11.5-inch
or 7-inch heights with the figure of an adult
woman.
9



English Song
The idea for Barbie originated when Ruth Handler,
part owner of a toy company in southern
California, with her husband, noticed that her
daughter Barbara enjoyed playing with adult
female dolls more than with baby dolls. She
decided to create a doll that would allow young
girls to envision what they might become as they
grew older. Over the years, Barbie has been
joined by family and friends, beginning with
boyfriend Ken, in 1961 sister Skipper in 1965
and Becky, Barbies friend, in a wheelchair, in
1997. Today the doll is a global brand with key
markets in Europe, Latin America, and Japan. Many
parents give their daughters Barbie Dolls as
Christmas presents.
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
10



2. True or False
1) The Barbie Doll was first introduced in 1859
by a British toy company.
English Song
(F) The Barbie Doll was first introduced in 1959
by a toy company in southern California.
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
2) As a plastic doll, the Barbie Doll was
available in either 11.5-inch or 7-inch heights
with the figure of a lovely baby.
Background Information
(F) As a plastic doll, the Barbie Doll was
available in either 11.5-inch or 7-inch heights
with the figure of an adult woman.
3) Ruth Handler and her husband noticed that
their daughter, Barbara, enjoyed playing with
adult female dolls more than with baby dolls.
(T)
11



4) Barbie has been joined by family and friends,
her boyfriend Ken in 1961 sister Skipper in
1965 and Becky, Barbies friend in a wheelchair
in 1997.
English Song
(T)
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
5) Today the Barbie Doll is mainly marketed to
Europe, Latin America, Japan and China.
Background Information
(F) Today the Barbie Doll is a global brand, with
key markets in Europe, Latin America, and Japan.
12
1. Chicken Soup for the Womans Soul
There are many ways to define a woman daughter,
mother, wife, professional, friend, student. We
are each special and unique, yet we share a
common connection. What bonds all women are our
mutual experiences of loving and learning
feeling the tenderness of love forging lifelong
friendships pursuing a chosen career giving
birth to new life juggling the responsibilities
of job and family, and more. Chicken Soup for the
Womans Soul is a shining collection of stories
that brings you inspiration and comfort in
special chapters on marriage, motherhood, aging,
bridging the generations, attitude, self-esteem
and higher wisdom. Stories honor the strength and
reveal the beauty of the feminine spirit. It was
written by Jack Canfield, Mark Victor Hansen,
Jennifer Read Hawthorne, and Marci Shimoff.
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
13
Chicken Soup for the Womans Soul
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
14
Jack Canfield
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
15
Mark Victor Hansen
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
16
Jennifer Read Hawthorne
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
17
Marci Shimoff
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
18
2. The Aging of the Worlds Population
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
Over the past few years, the worlds population
has continued on its remarkable transition path
from a state of high birth and death rates to one
characterized by low birth and death rates. At
the heart of that transition has been the growth
in the number and proportion of older persons.
Such a rapid, large and ubiquitous (?????) growth
has never been seen in the history of
civilization.
19
The current demographic (??????) revolution is
predicted to continue well into the coming
centuries. Its major features include the
following one out of every ten persons is now 60
years or above by 2050, one out of five will be
60 years or older and by 2150, one out of three
persons will be 60 years or older. The aging
population poses a serious challenge to the
support for the elderly, social security, social
welfare and services. The potential socioeconomic
impact on society that may result from an
increasing old-age dependency ratio is an area of
growing research and public debate.
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
20
3. China Faces Up to Aging Population
Progress in Supporting and Caring for the Elderly
Government 1. , China promulgated (??) the law on safeguarding the rights and interests of senior citizens. 2. In 2001, . 3. Over the past three years, 4. Many Chinese cities have adopted preferential policies for the elderly.
Volunteers
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
21
China Faces Up to Aging Population China has
achieved marked progress in supporting and caring
for the elderly people in recent years. In 1996,
China promulgated the law on safeguarding the
rights and interests of senior citizens. The
Ministry of Civil Affairs launched in 2001 a
Starlight Project to build community-based
services for elderly people. The government has
spent 13.5 billion yuan over the past three years
in building 32,490 service stations, where
elderly people can read books, play cards, do
painting, practise calligraphy, have exercises
and attend lessons specifically for aged
people. Many Chinese cities have adopted
preferential policies, under which elderly
citizens can have free visits to parks and free
bus rides and enjoy priority to visit doctors,
museums and cultural centers.
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
22
Apart from government efforts, an increasing
number of volunteers have joined in the efforts
to support and care for the elderly people. In
cities, volunteers have established one-to-one
relationships with needy elderly people and
provide regular services ranging from washing
clothes, cleansing houses and chatting with the
seniors.
English Song
English Poem
Listening Comprehension
Background Information
23
Part Division of the Text
Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas



Table Completion
1
1
Blank Filling
Questions and Answers
2
28
3
916
24
Directions Look at the video clip of the Taylor
Doll three times and make a comparison between
GGs doll and the Taylor Doll.
Part Division of the Text
Table Completion
Blank Filling
Questions and Answers
25
GGs Doll Taylor Doll
Hair Long brown hair pulled back with a big pink bow
Eyes Brown
Dress
Body A body of plastic
Part Division of the Text
Table Completion
Blank Filling
Questions and Answers
26
Directions Write down seven steps Meagan and
her mother went through in making the doll for GG.
Part Division of the Text
  • Meagans mother told her friends Liz and Chris
    about the doll she wanted to get for GG.
  • Liz helped
  • Meagans mother

  • .
  • 4. Liz helped
    .
  • 5. Chris helped
    .
  • 6.
    .
  • 7. Meagan wrote and illustrated the story of
    the lost doll.

Table Completion
her to contact the dollmaker who made ceramic
Blank Filling
heads, hands and feet and she got what she wanted
ordered a wig and kidskin body, and
Questions and Answers
bought fabric, lace and ribbon to make the dolls
outfit
____________________
to put the doll together
_____________________
to make the dolls outfit
_________________________________________
Then they searched for doll boots with real
buttons
27
1. Why did GG move in with her daughter?
Part Division of the Text
Because she was too old and weak to live on her
own.
Table Completion
2. Why did Meagan want to make a doll for GG?
Because Meagan noticed that GG became very
emotional when she saw her doll. To help GG
refresh her fond childhood memories, she
suggested that they make a doll for GG.
Blank Filling
Questions and Answers
3. What kind of life did GG live when she was
very young?
Life was not easy for GG as she and her parents
and four sisters lived in an old farmhouse and it
was not easy for her parents to buy GG a doll.
28
4. How many people took part in the making of the
doll for GG? Who were they?
Part Division of the Text
Four. Meagan, her mother, her mothers best
friends Liz and Chris.
Table Completion
Blank Filling
5. Was it easy for them to make a doll for GG?
Why?
Not at all. The doll GG had was made long ago, so
they had to try different places to get
everything needed to make the doll up to GGs
description.
Questions and Answers
29
Detailed Reading
Have you ever done anything special for your
grandmother or your great-grandmother out of your
love for her? Would you take pains to make a doll
for her so that she can refresh her fond
childhood memories? Here is such a story about a
loving great-granddaughter who makes extra
efforts to let her great-grandmother feel that
she is loved.
30
A Doll for Great-Grandmother Jacqueline Hickey
Detailed Reading
When my grandfather died, my 83-year-old
grandmother, once so full of life, slowly began
to fade. No longer able to manage a home of her
own, she moved in with my mother, where she was
visited often by other members of her large,
loving family (two children, eight grandchildren,
22 great-grandchildren
and two great-great-grandchildren). Although
she still had her good days, it was often hard to
arouse her interest. But one chilly
December afternoon three years ago, my daughter
Meagan, then eight, and I were settling in for a
long visit with GG, as the family calls her,
when she noticed that Meagan was carrying her
favorite doll.
31
I, too, had a special doll when I was a little
girl, she told Meagan. I got it one Christmas
when I was about your age. I lived in an old
farmhouse in Maine, with Mom, Dad and my four
sisters, and the very first gift I opened that
Christmas was the most beautiful doll youd ever
want to see.
Detailed Reading
She had an exquisite, hand-painted porcelain
face, and her long brown hair was pulled back
with a big pink bow. Her eyes were blue as blue
could be, and they opened and closed. I remember
she had a body of kidskin, and her arms and legs
bent at the joints.
GGs voice dropped low, taking on an almost
reverent tone. My doll was dressed in a pretty
pink gown, trimmed with fine lace. But what I
especially remember was her petticoat. It was
fine linen, trimmed with rows and rows of
delicate lace.
32
And the tiny buttons on her boots were real.
Getting such a fine doll was like a miracle for a
little farm girl like me my parents must have
had to sacrifice so much to afford it. But how
happy I was that morning!
Detailed Reading
GGs eyes filled and her voice shook with
emotion as she recalled that Christmas of long
ago. I played with my doll all morning long. She
was such a beautiful doll. And then it
happened. My mother called us to the dining room
for Christmas dinner and I laid my new doll down,
ever so gently, on the hall table. But as I went
to join the family at the table, I heard a loud
crash.
I hardly had to turn around I knew it
was my precious doll. I just knew it. And
it was. Her lace petticoat had hung down from
the table just enough for my baby sister to
reach up and pull on it.
33
When I ran in from the dining room, there lay
my beautiful doll on the floor, her face
smashed into a dozen pieces. I can still see
my mother trying to put my poor doll together
again. But it couldnt be done. She was gone
forever.
Detailed Reading
A few years later, GGs baby sister was also
gone, she told Meagan, a victim of pneumonia.
Now the tears in her eyes spilled over tears, I
knew, not only for a lost doll and a lost sister,
but for a lost time. Subdued for the rest of the
visit, Meagan was no sooner in the car going home
than she exclaimed, Mom, I have a great idea!
Lets get GG a new doll for Christmas, one
exactly like the doll that got broken. Then she
wont cry when she thinks about it. My heart
filled with pride as I listened to my
compassionate little daughter. But where would
we find a doll to match GGs fond memories?
34
Where theres a will, as they say, theres a way.
When I told my best friends, Liz and Chris,
about my problem, Liz put me in touch with a
local dollmaker who made doll heads, hands and
feet of a ceramic that closely resembled the old
porcelain ones. From her I commissioned a doll
head in the style of three-quarters of a century
ago making sure to specify big blue eyes that
opened and closed, and hands and feet. From a
doll supply house I ordered a long brown wig and
a kidskin body, and Meagan and I shopped for
fabric, lace and ribbon to duplicate the outfit
GG had so lovingly described. Liz volunteered to
put the doll together, and as the last days
before Christmas raced by, Chris helped me make
the dolls outfit, complete with lacy petticoat.
And while Liz, Chris and I searched for doll
boots with real buttons, Meagan wrote and
illustrated the story of the lost doll.
Detailed Reading
35
Finally, our creation was finished. To our
eyes it was perfect. But, of course, there was
no way it could be exactly like the doll GG had
loved so much and lost. Would she think it looked
anything like it? On Christmas Eve, Meagan
and I carried our gaily wrapped gift to GG. Its
for you, Meagan said, but first you have to
read the story that goes with it. Read it
out loud, we demanded. GG no sooner got through
the first page than her voice cracked and she was
unable to go on, but Meagan took over where
she left off. Then it was time to open her
present.
Detailed Reading
Ill never forget the look on GGs face as she
lifted the doll and held it to her chest. Once
again her tears fell, but this time they were
tears of joy.
36
Cradling the doll in her frail arms, she repeated
over and over again, Shes exactly like my old
doll, exactly like her. And perhaps
she wasnt saying that just to be kind.
Perhaps however impossible it seemed, we had
managed to produce a close copy of the doll she
remembered. But as I watched my eight-year-old
daughter and her great-grandmother examining the
doll together, I thought of a likelier
explanation. What GG really recognized, perhaps,
was the love that inspired the gift. And love,
wherever it comes from, always looks the same.
Detailed Reading
37
When my grandfather died, my 83-year-old
grandmother, once so full of life, slowly began
to fade.
Detailed Reading
Why did Grandmother begin to fade after
Grandfathers death? Whats the implied meaning
of the sentence?
Her husband, her lifetime companion, had been a
very important person in her life. When her love
was gone, gone also was her vitality in life.
38
Although she still had her good days, it was
often hard to arouse her interest.
Detailed Reading
Paraphrase this sentence.
Though she was better on some days than others,
she was usually no longer interested in the
things around her.
39
GGs voice dropped low, taking on an almost
reverent tone.
Detailed Reading
Why did GGs voice drop low? What can we infer
from the sentence?
The doll she once had was an important part in
her life and it was a symbol of many things
respect, admiration, and love, etc. Thats why
when GG talked about it, her tone was full of
respect.
40
GGs eyes filled and her voice shook with emotion
as she recalled that Christmas of long ago.
Detailed Reading
Paraphrase this sentence.
When GG thought back that Christmas in her
childhood, her eyes were filled with tears and
she was about to cry.
41
A few years later, GGs baby sister was also
gone, she told Meagan, a victim of pneumonia.
Detailed Reading
Explain the structure of this sentence.
In this sentence, she told Meagan is used as
parenthesis and a victim of pneumonia is the
subject complement.
42
Subdued for the rest of the visit, Meagan was no
sooner in the car going home than she exclaimed,
Detailed Reading
1. How to use the structure no sooner than ?
This structure means the second thing happens
immediately after the first thing. When no
sooner appears at the beginning of a sentence,
the word order of the sentence is inverted No
sooner was Meagan in the car going home than she
exclaimed,
2. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
???????????????,??????????????
43
But where would we find a doll to match GGs fond
memories?
Detailed Reading
What is the implied meaning of this sentence?
Maybe it was very difficult, almost impossible
for us to find a doll that could match the one in
GGs fond memories.
44
From her I commissioned a doll head in the style
of three-quarters of a century ago making sure
to specify big blue eyes that opened and
closed, and hands and feet.
Detailed Reading
Translate this sentence into Chinese.
?????????????,??????????,?????????????????,?????
???
45
But, of course, there was no way it could be
exactly like the doll GG had loved so much and
lost.
Detailed Reading
What can we infer from this sentence?
Even though we made great efforts, it is
impossible for us to copy the same doll as GG
once had.
46
Perhaps however impossible it seemed, we had
managed to produce a close copy of the doll she
remembered.
Detailed Reading
Translate this sentence into Chinese.
????????????,????????????????????
47
fade v. 1. (cause to) lose brightness,
colour, strength, freshness, or vigor
Detailed Reading
Flowers soon fade when cut.
The strong sunlight had faded the curtain.
Beauty fades like a flower.
?????
???????????
She is fading fast.
2. disappear gradually (from sight, hearing,
memory, etc. )
At the bottom of my heart I feel a parental love
that will never fade with the passing time.
As evening came the coastline faded into darkness.
???????????
All memory of her childhood faded from her mind.
The sound of the cheering faded away in the
distance.
48
move in
take possession of a new home
Detailed Reading
You must come and see our new house when weve
moved in.
We moved out on Monday and the new tenants moved
in on Tuesday.
Collocation
move in ?? move out ??
49
arouse vt.
1. wake sb. from sleep
Detailed Reading
Aroused from a deep sleep, he was rather
short-tempered.
??????????
He was aroused from his nap by the doorbell.
2. cause sb. to become active
Of all the planets, Mars always arouses the
greatest curiosity.
Collocation
???????? ?????? ???? ????
arouse ones enthusiasm arouse ones interest
arouse ones suspicion arouse
public wrath
50
Detailed Reading
?????????????? ?????????,??????
?????,??????????,???????,?? ???,?????????
??????,??????,????????
?????,??????,????????????
Directions Fill in the blanks with the words
above. Change the form where necessary.
_______
1. You must to the fact that
failure will mean disgrace. 2. My mother
me from sleep. 3. He up
with a start when the door slammed. 4. We were
by a loud bang. 5. Is he
or asleep? 6. Its time you
up to the fact that youre not popular.
awake
_______
aroused
______
woke
________
wakened
_______
awake
_______
woke
51
miracle n. a wonderful unexpected event
remarkable example or specimen
Detailed Reading
The launch of manned spacecraft Shenzhou V is a
miracle of modern technology.
????????????
That her life was saved was a miracle.
Derivative miraculous adj.
Its miraculous how much weight youve lost!
He made a miraculous recovery from his illness.
52
sacrifice
1. n. offering of sth. valuable to a god giving
up of sth.
Detailed Reading
Some cultures practise animal sacrifice to their
gods.
Getting rich isnt worth the sacrifice of your
principles.
??????????????????
Her parents made many sacrifices so that she
could go to university.
2. v. offer sth. to a god give up sth. important
for a particular purpose
Many teenagers sacrifice to their idols.
He sacrificed his life to save a drowning child.
Do you approve of sacrificing comfort to
appearance?
?????????????
53
recall
1. vt.
Detailed Reading
1) summon back order sb. to return to a
particular place
The government recalled its ambassador when war
was declared.
The automaker recalled a lot of unsafe cars.
2) bring back to the mind remember
Can you recall your school days?
Try to recall exactly what happened.
????????
I dont recall meeting her.
2. n.
1) the act of summoning back
The recall of the general from abroad caused a
scandal.
2) the ability to remember
She has an amazing recall of her early childhood.
???????????
My powers of recall are not what they were.
54
Pattern
Detailed Reading
recall sb. (from to ) recall sth. recall doing
sth. recall that recall where, how, why, etc.
??????????????????????? ????,???????????,?????????
???? ?remember??,?????????????? ??????,????,????
55
Directions Fill in the blanks with the words
above. Change the form where necessary.
Detailed Reading
1. The film him of what he had
seen in Germany. 2. He
every detail of that occurrence as though it
happened yesterday. 3. An actor must be able to
his lines. 4. Please
me to write to Dave. 5. He his
last evening with his fiancée whenever he felt
depressed.
________
reminded
__________
remembers
memorize
_________
______
remind
_______
recalled
56
crash
1. v. fall or strike suddenly, violently, and
noisily
Detailed Reading
The plates crashed to the floor.
Experts were analyzing the data in the black box
(the flight recorder) of the crashed plane.
The lightning flashed and thunder crashed.
????,?????
2. n. violent fall, blow or breaking
The tree fell with a great crash.
All the passengers were injured in the car crash.
The great financial crash in 1929 ruined
international trade.
57
smash v. (cause to) break into pieces violently
and noisily rush into defeat
Detailed Reading
We are determined to smash terrorism.
The wave smashed on to the beach.
The lock was rusty, so we had to smash the door
open.
????,????,???????????????? ????????????,???????
??????????,????????
He has broken the glass into pieces.
?????????
The tree cracked loudly and fell.
?????????????????
58
?????????????,?????????? ???????????,??????????
??????????
crush
Detailed Reading
This machine crushes wheat grain to make flour.
????????????
smash
He smashed the headlights of the car when he hit
another car.
????????,?????????
59
spill v.
(cause to) run or fall accidentally, esp. over
the edge of a container overflow
Detailed Reading
Some of the wine spilled on to the floor.
??????,???????
He knocked the bucket over and all the water
spilt out.
Who spilled the news?
????????????
60
subdue vt.
bring under control calm
Detailed Reading
Napoleon subdued most of Europe.
He managed to subdue his mounting anger.
Neither riches nor honours can corrupt him
neither poverty nor humbleness can make him
swerve from principle and neither threats nor
forces can subdue him.
?????, ?????, ??????
subdued adj.
unnaturally or unusually quiet in behaviour
He spoke in a tone of subdued satisfaction.
I felt strongly subdued as I drove home.
???????,????????????
Carrie returned to her dormitory with a subdued
heart when she heard she had failed in the exam.
61
exclaim v.
speak or say loudly and suddenly, because of
surprise or other strong feelings
Detailed Reading
The evil stepmother of Snow White looked in the
mirror, exclaiming in dismay at her appearance.
He exclaimed that it was untrue.
He could not help exclaiming at how much his son
has grown.
????????????????? ?????????,??????????????????? ??
??????????????????????? ?????????????????
62
Directions Fill in the blanks with the words
above. Change the form where necessary.
Detailed Reading
1. The police out a warning. 2. A
baby can as soon as it is born. 3.
Mary was hysterically. 4.
She her heart out when she heard of
her friends death. 5. The newspaper
against the governments action.
_______
shouted
____
cry
_________
screaming
_____
cried
_________
exclaimed
63
in/out of touch (with) in/not in communication
(with) having/not having information about
Detailed Reading
Ill be in touch again towards the end of the
week.
I try to keep in touch with latest events by
reading newspapers.
????????
Do get in touch soon.
64
resemble vt. look like or be like
Detailed Reading
Many college graduates discover that society does
not at all resemble the way it is in their
imagination.
Leo Tolstoy once said all happy families resemble
one another, but each unhappy family is unhappy
in its own way.
???????????
She resembles her mother in looks.
Pattern
resemble sb./sth. (in sth.)
65
commission vt. place a special order for, or
appoint someone to do sth.
Detailed Reading
My father commissioned a real estate agent to
sell our house.
He is commissioned to negotiate with the
terrorists.
????????????
He commissioned a statue of his wife.
66
make sure of sth./that take action so that
something will certainly happen
Detailed Reading
There arent many seats left for the solo
concert youd better make sure of one.
Ill just make sure that the car has been locked.
I think he has to go to the doctor to make sure
it is not infected.
?????????????????
Make doubly sure that all the doors are been
locked.
67
duplicate
1. vt. copy exactly repeat
Detailed Reading
Ill get these notes typed up and duplicated.
This research merely duplicates work already done
elsewhere.
???,?????,??????????,??????????
Some say in a very short time, computers may not
only duplicate the human brain, but far surpass
it.
2. n. copy
Is this a duplicate or the original?
The secretary was asked to prepare the contract
in duplicate.
If youve lost your key, I can give you a
duplicate.
3. adj. identical doubled
a duplicate set of keys
?????????
a duplicate receipt/form
?????/??
68
volunteer
1. v. give or offer (ones services or help)
willingly or without being paid
Detailed Reading
Many people volunteer to fund the establishment
of Hope Primary Schools and enable dropouts to
return to classrooms.
She volunteered (her services) for relief work.
??????????
She volunteered financial support.
Pattern
volunteer sth. volunteer to do sth. volunteer
(sb.) for sth.
69
2. n. person who offers to do sth. without being
compelled or paid
Detailed Reading
Princess Dianas special satisfaction came from
volunteer work.
One volunteer is worth two pressed men.
Collocation
an aid-the-poor volunteer ????? volunteer
labour ???? volunteer service
????
70
illustrate vt.
1. supply a book, article, lecture, etc. with
pictures
Detailed Reading
He donated 5,000 well-illustrated textbooks to
dropouts.
2. explain by examples, pictures, etc. serve as
an example
Aesops fables illustrate moral maxims.
Olympic Games illustrate what high standards our
players must achieve.
????????,????????
To illustrate my point I have done a comparative
analysis.
71
go with be gained with or included with esp. as
a result match or suit
Detailed Reading
Disease often goes with poverty.
We must go with the times/tide.
?????????????
Happiness doesnt always go with money.
These new curtains dont go well with your carpet.
72
get through (with) (manage to) do or complete
sth.
Detailed Reading
He has got through all his fortune.
As soon as I get through with my work, Ill join
you.
She can get through a greater amount of work with
less expenditure of energy.
????????????
Ive got through a lot of correspondence today.
73
crack v.
(of the voice) become harsh break without
complete separation of parts hit sharply
Detailed Reading
Thunder cracked and rumbled.
I dropped a plate and cracked it.
We must, according to law, crack down on all
kinds of crimes and social evils such as
gambling, drug abuse and illegal trafficking
(????).
???????,????????
He fell out of the window and cracked a bone in
his arm.
A cracked bell can never sound well.
??????/?????????
74
take over gain control over and responsibility
for (sth.)
Detailed Reading
After his father retired, Tom took over the
family business.
Was it in 1948 that the Government took over the
railways in Great Britain?
?????????????????
Peter will take over as general manager when Bill
retires.
Would you like me to take over the driving for a
while?
75
leave off sth./doing sth. stop (doing)
something give up
Detailed Reading
Its time to leave off work.
I wish youd leave off whistling like that.
I didnt leave off work until ten oclock last
night.
??????,????
Leave off playing mahjong and study.
76
cradle
1. n. a small bed for a newborn baby the place
where sth. begins
Detailed Reading
The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.
The Yangtze River Valley is another cradle of
Chinese civilization running parallel to, if not
earlier than, the Yellow River Valley.
from the cradle to the grave
????
2. vt. hold gently as if in a cradle
She cradled the baby in her arms.
He was cradled in luxury.
She had been cradled a child of fortune in the
house of her uncle.
77
inspire vt.
1. put uplifting thoughts, feelings or aims into
Detailed Reading
The trainer inspired the team to even greater
efforts.
????????????
He inspired confidence in everyone he works with.
2. fill with creative power
The beautiful scenery inspired Li Bai to write
his greatest poetry.
He inspired his students with a vision of freedom.
His passion for romantic literature inspired him
to begin writing.
Pattern
inspire sb. to sth. inspire sb. to do
sth. inspire sth. in sb. inspire sb. with sth.
78
1. ????
full of life
Useful Expressions
2. ??(??)
move in
Word Formation
arouse ones interest
3. ????
Spot Dictation
a big pink bow
4. ????????
Optional Classroom Activities
dining room
5. ??
a loud crash
6. ????
Discussion and Writing
turn around
7. ??
Picture Talking
put together
8. ????
Proverbs and Quotations
a victim of pneumonia
9. ??????
a lost time
10. ?????
fond memories
11. ????
Where theres a will theres a way.
12. ??????
79
in touch with
13. ????
Useful Expressions
make sure
14. ??
Word Formation
race by
15. ????
Spot Dictation
no way
16. ??
a gaily wrapped gift
Optional Classroom Activities
17. ???????
go with
18. ??????
Discussion and Writing
get through
19. (??)?????
take over
Picture Talking
20. ????
leave off
21. ????
Proverbs and Quotations
tears of joy
22. ?????
a close copy of sth.
23. ????????
a likelier explanation
24. ???????
80
Directions What do you call the people who take
up these jobs?
Useful Expressions
1. dollmaking
dollmaker
Word Formation
2. fashion design
fashion designer
Spot Dictation
3. architecture
architect
Optional Classroom Activities
engineer
4. engineering
accountant
5. accounting
Discussion and Writing
photographer
6. photography
Picture Talking
surgeon
7. surgery
Proverbs and Quotations
ironworker
8. ironwork
9. hairdressing
hairdresser
10. sculpture
sculptor
81
Useful Expressions
painter
11. painting
Word Formation
pharmacist
12. pharmacy
Spot Dictation
movie maker
13. movie making
Optional Classroom Activities
actor/actress
14. acting
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
82
Useful Expressions
What is gratifying is that China has
marked progress in supporting and caring for
the elderly people in recent years. Apart from
government efforts, an increasing number of
have joined in the efforts to support and
care for the elderly people. In Beijing, there
are 300,000 volunteers who have
one-to-one relationships with needy elderly
people and provide regular
ranging from washing clothes, cleansing houses
and chatting with the seniors. Some elderly
people choose to spend their
years at homes for the elderly run by the
government, where they are well and cared
for. In east Chinas metropolis of Shanghai, one
out of six elderly people want to live in homes
for the elderly with the hope of easing the
on their children.
________
achieved
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
_________
volunteers
Optional Classroom Activities
_________
established
_______
services
Discussion and Writing
________
remaining
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
___
fed
______
burden
83
Useful Expressions
A survey shows that 16.8 percent of the income of
urban citizens comes from their children.
Some experts say that it is necessary to carry on
the fine of the Chinese nation that
young people and take care of the
elderly members of their families.
______
senior
Word Formation
_______
tradition
Spot Dictation
_______
support
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
84
Directions Read the following news report.
Discuss in groups of three or four and share with
your classmates your views on the topic of
Euthanasia. First state whether you agree or
disagree with it and then give reasons.
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Euthanasia, also known as mercy killing, refers
to the termination of the life of a person
suffering from a painful and incurable medical
condition. In 1993 the Netherlands passed a law
prescribing guidelines for medically assisted
suicide. Belgium has also legalized (2002)
euthanasia for certain patients who have
requested it.
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
85
Statements Pros Cons
1 Save money, medicine, and the unnecessary labor. Life is holy and no one has the right to take away others life.
2 A release to the terminally ill patient. There always exists a possibility, no matter how small it is, that doctors will discover a cure for that particular illness.
3 People should have the right to choose when, where and how to die. It concerns serious moral, political and social issues.
4 The quality of life is as important as life itself. Evil people may abuse euthanasia for some sinister (???) purposes.
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
86
1. Discussion
Useful Expressions
1) Can you tell us some traditional festivals in
Western countries? What about Chinese ones?
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Western festivals St. Valentines Day Easter
Mothers Day Fathers Day Halloween
Thanksgiving Day Christmas, etc. Chinese
festivals the Spring Festival the Lantern
Festival the Dragon-boat Festival the
Mid-autumn Festival the Double Ninth Festival,
etc.
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
87
Useful Expressions
2) Compare the Spring Festival with Christmas.
Which would you like more? Why?
Word Formation
Spring Festival the first day of the first month
according to Chinese lunar calendar year-end
household cleaning family reunions dumplings
couplets fireworks and crackers red envelopes
with lucky money CCTV Spring Festival Gala
(??????) lion dance dragon lantern
dance. Christmas Dec. 25, in memory of the birth
of Jesus Christ Christmas carols (??) Christmas
trees Christmas presents stockings Santa Claus
with reindeers and sledges family reunions.
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
3) In 2006, just before Christmas, ten Ph.D.
candidates from ten top universities in China
advocate that young people treasure our
traditional festivals and resist the invasion
of Western holidays. What do you think of that?
88
2. Homework for Writing
Useful Expressions
Directions For this part, you are required to
write a composition on the topic The Celebration
of Western Festivals based on the discussion
above. Your composition should be no less than
120 words.
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Sample
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
89
The Celebration of Western Festivals Western
festivals are gaining ever-increasing popularity
in China. A growing number of people in China are
immersed in the thrilling atmosphere of the
upcoming Christmas. Christmas has been given by
some an equally high status as the Spring
Festival. There are a variety of factors
contributing to this change. First, young people
are exposed to Western culture and lifestyles
through learning English. And festivals are part
of culture. For example, Valentines Day provides
a vehicle for lovers to show their love. Second,
the advancement of economy have increased the
purchasing power of Chinese people. They are
heavily targeted by businessmen, who view foreign
festivals as golden opportunities to make money
and desperately try to boost the atmosphere of
foreign festivals.
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
90
The necessity of celebrating these foreign
festivals is widely questioned. People involved
are to blame for their indifferent attitudes
towards traditional values. Our home-grown
festivals play crucial roles in Chinese
traditional culture. However, their foreign
counterparts are exerting strong influence on
peoples values and thoughts. There is no doubt
that we should give our priority to Chinese
traditional festivals.
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
91
Directions Pictures in this section are based on
the text you have learned. You are required to
talk about them first in small groups and then in
class.
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
92
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
93
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
94
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
95
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
96
1. Kindness will creep where it may not go.
Useful Expressions
??????????
Word Formation
2. Fortune is good to him who knows to make good
use of her.
Spot Dictation
?????????????
Optional Classroom Activities
3. Love begets love.
?????
Discussion and Writing
4. The supreme happiness of life is the
conviction that we are loved.
Victor Hugo,
French novelist
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
?????????????????
????? V.
??
97
5. We have no more right to consume happiness
without producing it than to consume wealth
without producing it.
George
Bernard Shaw, British dramatist
Useful Expressions
Word Formation
???????????????????,?????????????????

????? G. ???
Spot Dictation
Optional Classroom Activities
6. It was the policy of the good old gentleman to
make his children feel that home was the happiest
place in the world and I value this delicious
home-feeling as one of the choicest gifts a
parent can bestow. Washington Irving,
Father of literature of the United States
Discussion and Writing
Picture Talking
Proverbs and Quotations
?????????????????,?????????????????????????,????,?
???????????????????,???????
??????
W. ??
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