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Faculty Environmental Network Bringing Systems Concepts to Environmental Education

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Faculty Environmental Network Bringing Systems Concepts to Environmental Education David Marks, CEE and ESD, MIT Portugal Program, MIT Cyprus Program, – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Faculty Environmental Network Bringing Systems Concepts to Environmental Education


1
Faculty Environmental NetworkBringing Systems
Concepts to Environmental Education
  • David Marks, CEE and ESD,
  • MIT Portugal Program,
  • MIT Cyprus Program,
  • MIT Masdar Program
  • AGS

2
How Do We Teach About Context?
  • How to educate about the life cycle and systems
    aspects of Environment and Energy?
  • Methods
  • Case Studies
  • Understanding Beyond the Boundries
  • An example with PreFrosh two weeks ago The
    design of wind turbines.

3
Questions Raised to the Students
  • What is the Potential for Wind as a replacement
    for Fossil?
  • Where is it Windy? When? How does this match
    with demands? What happens when the wind stops
    blowing or blows too much?
  • How is Wind Scaled up? What infrastructure is
    needed for capture and storage? T Boone Pickens
  • What about Nimby? Banana?
  • What Kind of Energy does it replace?

4
Sustainable Energy SystemsOverview and
StatusResearch and EducationIslands
CitiesStudents and Curriculum
5
An Evolving Research Portfolio
  • A Matrix of Research Areas/Projects
  • Plus Energy Boxes, Smart Grids, Urban Metabolism,
    Misc. Technologies, Policies, Markets
    Behavior
  • Designed to Develop New Methodologies,
    Data, Lessons and Insights Leading to
    Robust, Implementable Sustainable Energy
    Strategies (both technological policy)

6
Wind in Space and Time
Source Mass Renewable Energy Trust TrueWind
Solutions
7
Where is it Windy?
  • Trees and Hills, Matter!!!

8
Electricity in Space and Time
  • Where is end-use efficiency most beneficial?
  • Same question for
  • Wind energy
  • Solar
  • Hydropower
  • Biomass
  • Ocean/Wave
  • Storage (incl. H2)
  • Everything

Mainland Portugal Electricity Demand(REN Data)
9
Higher Resolution / Better Design
  • Mainland Portugal Electricity Demand 2007 (REN)

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
(MW MWh)
Hourly Electric Demand
10
Higher Resolution / Better Design
  • Mainland Portugal Electricity Demand 2007 (REN)

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
(MW MWh)
11
Why a Green Island?
  • Islands represent excellent case studies
    with which to organize and demonstrate
    new methodologies for the sustainable
    and economic transformation of
    infrastructures, including new challenges such
    as climate change adaptation and energy security.

12
Example São Miguel and Flores
  • São Miguel and Flores
  • Two very different islands population, economy,
    energy demand, current power system, renewable
    resources
  • Long-Term Transform- action of ALL
    Energy Supplies and Demands

13
Design Scenario Options
  • Energy Services
  • Household energy efficiency options/supply
    curves
  • Similar service sector efficiency options
  • Energy pricing and consumer response
  • Sustainable building design (new, retrofit)
  • Design for Açores economic transformation
  • Public, private, freight transportation
    demand trends and options
  • Many, many, more
  • Economic and social trends and their influence
    of strategy performance design
  • Energy Supplies
  • Assessing coupled renewable resource dynamics
    (natural variability, climate forcing/ adaptatio
    n)
  • Power grid expansion and design, constraints
    and storage opportunities including V2G and
    others
  • Agriculture, wastes for sustainable biofuels
    and broader options.
  • Many, many, more
  • Data challenges to characterize options
    sufficiently
  • Research infrastructure, now and for
    the long-term

14
Partnering for Green Islands
  • A Diverse Project Looking for Partners
  • Understanding the Islands Energy Needs and
    Supplies
  • Understanding energy in space and time
  • Developing a full understanding of local
    resources
  •  Developing New Ideas for Future Islands
    Economic and Energy Needs and Options
  • Future electricity supplies, inlcuding energy
    storage Exploring new transportation
    options, including electricity Looking at
    ways to reduce energy use, including innovations
    in buildings and construction
  • Partnering to Realize this New Energy Economy
    for the Azores
  • Develop new innovative demonstration and pilot
    projects that put these plans into practice
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