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ACQUIRED TASTES BY NANCY CANNADY

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Title: ACQUIRED TASTES BY NANCY CANNADY


1
ACQUIRED TASTESBY NANCY CANNADY
  • PREFERRED FOODS
  • OR
  • NATURAL DELECTABLES
  • SPECIFIC CRUISINES MAINLY
  • REPRESENT PRACTICAL SOLUTION TO THE
    PROBLEM OF PROVIDING THE ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS TO
    POPULATIONS UNDER DEFINITE NATURAL AND CULTURAL
    CONDITIONS.

2
Harris's Words of Wisdom
  • Basic components of food tradition usually have
    nutritional, ecological, or economic causes.
  • Hot, peppery foods, for example, have three
    conditions
  • WARM CLIMATES (frost-free, warm, moist)
  • MAINLY VEGETARIAN DIETS
  • MARGINAL CALORIC INTAKE
  • WITH LITTLE VARIATION
  • FROM DAY TO DAY

3
People who eat mostly legumes
THESE FOODS MAY CAUSE A GREAT DEAL OF INTESTINAL
FLAUTUS
Some Scientific Evidence supports the Belief that
peppery sauces relieve this problem.
4
For people who go to sleep hungry, peppery
condiments stimulate the salivary glands and
produce a sensation of fullness.
North American do not have these conditions thus
they have rather a bland diet.
5
FOOD SOURCESWhich is the better bargain?
  • Cost per pound of hunting or raising animals.
  • What is available and abundant?

6
AVAILABLE AND NUTRITIOUS
ABUNDANCE
The simple formula predicts the extent to which
different cultures reject or accept animal
tidbitsWhat is available!
LARGE ANIMALS
small tidbits like insects, worms, and spiders
7
Amazonia other tropical forest societies
Insects are plentiful and there are few large
animals to be hunted.
8
Europe and Anglo-North American
There are an abundance of domesticated animals
such as cattle, pigs, sheep, and chicken.
9
Disgusting to look at - Good to eat
10
OLD TESTAMENT PIGS
  • Why ban pigs?
  • Pigs dont give milk.
  • Pigs cant pull plows.
  • Pigs cant thrive on grass.
  • Pigs need shade.
  • Pigs are poor investment. in the hot, dry
    Biblical heartland's.

11
BALANCE SHEET
Cattle Costs Benefits feed (cheap
grass) traction for cart herding (little
labor) traction for plows disease(
anthrax) meat, milk,dung,hides Pigs feed
(cheap waste) meat herding(much
labor) dung wallows hides shade disease
(trichinosis,anthrax)
12
PUZZLING TRADE-OFFS
CULTURAL DETERMINATIONS OF FOOD PREFERENCES AND
AVOIDANCES INVOLVE TRADE-OFFS BETWEEN ANIMALS AS
A SOURCE OF FLESH AND ANIMALS AS A SOURCE OF
IMPORTANT PRODUCTS OR SERVICES.
SOME ANIMALS ARE WORTH MORE DEAD THAN
ALIVE
CATTLE IN INDIA
Used in plowing,source of fertilizers and cooking
fuel, milk, and meat
After a lifetime of service, even their flesh
does not go to waste
13
DIVERSE SOCIALLY ACQUIRED PERFERENCES FOR FLAVORS
AND FOODS
Natural selection
Cultural selection
Are they controlled by genetic tendencies?
14
GENES, GENES, GENES
Antipork genes to explain why Jews Moslems
abhor pork
Mexican passion for peppers
Insect loathing genes to explain why
Euro-Americans abhor insects
Cow protection genes to explain the Hindu
rejection of beef.
15
INCREASE REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS????
The recent history of the Western world shows
that the best-nourished people are not
necessarily the ones with the most babies..
16
NEVER, NEVER, NEVER
SOMETIMES, VERY RARELY, HAS NATURAL SELECTION
AND REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS BEEN INFLUENCED BY
CULTURE
Aversion to milk
17
IS HARRIS RIGHT- DO WE AQUIRE A TASTE FOR OUR
FOOD?
THE ACQUIRED TASTE IS BASED ON THE
ABUNDANCE,CONCENTRATION, AND THE AVAILABILITY. WE
EAT WHAT WE EAT BECAUSE IT IS THERE. HERE IN THE
U.S.A. WE ARE A BLESSED NATION AND DO NOT HAVE TO
DEPEND SO MUCH ON THESE THREE ISSUES, BUT
WORLDWIDE IT IS A MATTER OF SURVIVAL..
18
A ECOLOGICAL MATERIALIST STRATRGY
What are the basic features of social life?
These conditions involve such things as the
nature of the physical environment population and
its composition, and the level of technology.
19
DO PIGS AND THE OLD TESTMENT GO IN THIS CHAPTER?
I DONT THINK SO - HE COULD HAVE HAD ANOTHER
CHAPTER ON WASTEFUL TABOOS
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