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Presenter: Nguy?n Ng?c Di?m Phuong

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Presenter: Nguy n Ng c Di m Ph ng Nguy n L Quy n Uy Introduction of active and passive voice FORMS Present Simple Past Simple Present Perfect Future ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Presenter: Nguy?n Ng?c Di?m Phuong


1
Presenter Nguy?n Ng?c Di?m Phuong
Nguy?n Lê Quy?n Uy
2
  1. Introduction of active and passive voice
  2. FORMS
  3. Present Simple
  4. Past Simple
  5. Present Perfect
  6. Future
  7. Regular and Irregular verbs
  8. USAGE
  9. The BY agent
  10. PRACTICE

3
  • Verbs are said to be either ACTIVE or PASSIVE
  • ACTIVE the Subject of the sentence is to do the
    action.
  • Sample sentences Nissans employs 130,000 people.
  • PASSIVE the Subject of the sentence is to
    receive the action.
  • Sample sentence 130,000 people are employed by
    Nissans.

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4
Sample sentences
  • The new policy is approved by the executive
    committee.
  • Hamlet was written by Shakespeare.
  • Oh my god! My bike has been stolen!
  • The refrigerator will be repaired.

The form of BE varies according to the tenses
of the sentences. In this lesson, we focus on the
passive forms in The present simple, past simple,
present perfect and future tense. Therefore, we
will consider the form of BE in these tenses.
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5
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6
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7
  • Sample sentences
  • A letter has been written by Rita.
  • A letter has not been written by Rita.
  • Has a letter been written by Rita?

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8
  • Sample sentences
  • A new school will be built in the area.
  • A new school will not be built in the area.
  • Will a new school be built in the area?

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9
  • The past participle of regular verbs is the same
    as the past tense.
  • Past participle end in ed
  • print printed printed
  • export exported exported service serviced -
    serviced
  • Sample sentences
  • Our books are printed in Singapore.
  • Most of our best fruit is exported.
  • How often are the machines serviced?

10
  • Irregular verbs have different patterns
  • take took taken
  • make made made
  • forbid forbade forbidden
  • Sample sentences
  • All our visitors are taken to the factory first.
  • This model is not made of aluminum.
  • Is smoking forbidden in your office?

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11
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  • The passive voice is used to describe actions
  • When we dont know the doer of the action.
  • My briefcase was stolen last night.
  • (I dont know who stole it.)
  • When it is not important to know the doer of the
    action.
  • These televisions are made in Japan.
  • (We dont need to know who makes them)
  • When we want to emphasize the doer of the
    action.
  • This dress is made by my mother, the one I love
    most.
  • (Im proud of my mother, who makes this dress for
    me.)

12
  • When we are interested in the doer of the
    action, use BY
  • Mr Brown built the house. ? The house was built
    BY Mr Brown.
  • When we do not know who was the doer of the
    action, forget about BY
  • Someone stole my bike. ? My bike was stolen.

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13
Supply the blanks with the correct passive form
of the verbs in brackets Roses are one of
Kenyas most important crops, and Kenya flowers
1 (export) all over the world. Some of the
roses 2. (produce) in glasshouses, and
others 3.. (grow) in the open air. When the
flowers 4.. (pick), they 5.. (take) to
cold storage rooms. Here they 6.....(cool)
to 1oC so that they will last longer.
are exported
are produced
are grown
are picked
are taken
will be cooled
14
  • Decide whether these statements are active or
    passive
  • They listen to music.    
  • She is reading an e-mail.    
  • These cars are produced in Japan.    
  • Alan teaches Geography.    
  • German is spoken in Austria.    
  • Lots of houses were destroyed by the
    earthquake.    
  • Henry Ford invented the assembly line.    
  • The bus driver was hurt.    
  • You should open your workbooks.    
  • Houses have been built.    

active
active
passive
active
passive
passive
active
passive
active
passive
15
  • Rewrite the sentence into passive voice
  • Rachel will give you some advice.
  • I sent him a letter.
  • The police officer showed us the way.
  • Our neighbour gave me a lift.
  • We have asked him a favour.
  • She told me a lie.
  • They have written her a postcard.
  • Kerrie will make you a cup of tea.
  • The waiter has not brought us the coffee.
  • They did not offer her a seat.
  1. You will be given some advice by Rachel.
  2. A letter was sent to him.
  3. We were showed the way by the police officer.
  4. I was given a lift by our neighbour.
  5. He have been asked for a favour.
  6. I was told a lie.
  7. A postcard has been written to her.
  8. A cup of tea will be made for you by Kerrie.
  9. The coffee have not brought to us.
  10. She was not offered a seat.

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