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Practical Uses for Mobile Technologies in the Workplace:

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Practical Uses for Mobile Technologies in the Workplace: Korey Singleton Manager, Assistive Technology Initiative George Mason University April 3, 2012 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Practical Uses for Mobile Technologies in the Workplace:


1
Practical Uses for Mobile Technologies in the
Workplace
  • Korey Singleton
  • Manager, Assistive Technology Initiative
  • George Mason University
  • April 3, 2012

2
Introduction
  • Korey Singleton, Masons ATI Manager
  • Mission of ATI provide individuals with
    disabilities an accessible university environment
    by supporting access to all technological,
    architectural, and educational resources
    available at George Mason University through the
    incorporation of assistive technologies
  • What to learn more about the ATI??
  • http//accessibility.gmu.edu
  • http//ati.gmu.edu
  • http//webaccessibility.gmu.edu

3
Todays Agenda
  • Introduction
  • What Youll Learn
  • Brief Overview of Todays Most Popular Mobile OS
  • Practical Uses in the Workplace
  • Off-the-Shelf vs. Task-Specific
  • Areas for Improvement
  • Summary
  • QA

4
Learning Outcomes
  1. Identify two popular mobile operating systems.
  2. Identify a mobile app that is well-suited to
    support mild hearing loss.
  3. Compare the relative cost of specially designed
    devices for individuals with disabilities to the
    costs of those devices designed for the general
    population.
  4. Identify one area where off-the-shelf mobile
    devices do not need to be improved to meet the
    needs of individuals with disabilities.

5
Mobile OS Review
6
Android OS (Google)
  • There are several different types of phones
    worldwide that are running some version of the
    Android OS Approximately 1 in 2 smartphones now
    running Android 1
  • Latest Release v4.0.3 (phone), v3.2 (tablets)
  • All Android versions starting with v1.6 or later
    have some built-in support for speech output and
    accessibility
  • Major problem in terms of accessibility Android
    versions are not standardized across all
    manufacturers, platforms, etc.

7
Android OS Accessibility
  • Basic built-in accessibility much improved in
    v4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich)
  • Moved much closer to accessibility out of the box
  • New Explore by Touch feature now in v4.0
  • v4.0 Accessibility Videos
  • Turning on Accessibility
  • Explorer the Launcher
  • Using the Onscreen Keyboard
  • Understanding the Galaxy Nexus

8
Android OS Accessibility cont.
  • Problems still exist overall
  • User experiences may differ Carriers and device
    manufacturers will sometimes create customized
    versions of the Android OS. For example, HTC
    ships phones that include a custom user interface
    called HTC Sense. Samsung, LG, and Motorola
    could also change the user interfaces if they
    choose.
  • There is no guarantee that devices with
    customized interfaces include accessibility
    support.

9
iOS (Apple)
  • Versions are same across all platforms (i.e.,
    iPod Touch, iPhone, iPad).
  • What does this mean?
  • More uniformity in terms of accessibility
  • No learning curve - If you know how to use one
    device, it is easy to use another
  • User experiences are the same!
  • Latest Release v5.1
  • Apps that come with OS (i.e. mail, messaging,
    calendar, contacts, notes, calculator, internet,
    app store, maps) are accessible

10
iOS Accessibility
  • Many built-in features
  • VoiceOver
  • Zoom/Contrast
  • Large Text
  • Custom Vibrations (iPhone)
  • Mono Audio
  • Assistive Touch
  • Tactile buttons
  • Siri (iPhone 4S)

11
Windows Phone OS (Microsoft)
  • Like iOS, there is uniformity in terms of the
    operating system. However, several different
    phones available (i.e., HTC, Nokia, Samsung)
    similar to Android OS.
  • Latest Release v7.5 (Mango)
  • v8.0 beta out nowaccessibility features much
    improved in this version.

12
Windows Phone OS Accessibility
  • V7.5 update added some accessibility improvements
  • Tiles (contrast/color)
  • Improved Speech (text, web, calling)
  • Now includes ability to read an incoming text
    message
  • Use Speech Video
  • Visual voicemail
  • Custom ringtones
  • Improved media messaging

13
Symbian Belle OS (Nokia)
  • Symbian Belle is the mobile OS for all Nokia
    handsets.
  • Most popular mobile OS in 2011!!2
  • Market share mostly result of overseas markets
    (Asia, UK, Europe, Africa)
  • Lower-end smartphones in terms of specs

14
Symbian Belle OS Accessibility
  • Nokia emphasizes accessibility!
  • http//www.nokiaaccessibility.com
  • Some built-in accessibility (i.e., screen reader,
    zoom, etc.)
  • Improved accessibility achieved many through 3rd
    party vendors which support a limited number of
    models
  • Future in doubt As of Sept. 2010, Nokia has
    partnered with Microsoft to market Windows Mobile
    73 as their primary mobile OS

15
Most Popular OS
  • Android and iOS remain two most utilized mobile
    OS. iOS and Windows Phone 7 are most
    well-liked.4
  • Although well-liked though, Windows Phone 7 sales
    in 4Q 2011 were at least 20 times less than that
    of Android or iOS. 5

16
Mobile OS Share of Handset Sales6
  • iOS and Android market share nearly identical at
    43 and 47, respectively.
  • iOS increase likely due to sale of iPhone 4S

17
Types of Devices Mix of Handset Sales6
  • Smartphones now account for almost 70 of all
    phones sold. Thats up from 50 a year ago.

18
Smartphones and Tablets in the Workplace
  • Recent study found that iPhone now more popular
    than Blackberry in workplace. Android was third,
    but rapidly improving.8
  • Media tablets eclipsed netbook sales for first
    time in 2Q 2011. Almost double number of tablets
    sold as netbooks.7
  • iPad 2 accounts for almost 70 of tablets sold.
  • Laptops still dominate the workplace, but tablets
    are beginning to take a foothold.

19
Smartphones and Tablets cont.
  • Why tablets over PCs??
  • Easier to use (baby-boomers)
  • Increase in functionality (more sophisticated app
    development)
  • More widespread adoption in business/education
    markets
  • Portability
  • Efficient (battery life, instant access)
  • Mobile workforce (est. 66 of information workers
    work remotely9)

20
General Examples of use in the Workplace
  • Social Media
  • Communication
  • Productivity
  • Cloud Storage
  • Organization
  • Etc.

21
Review Questions
  • Name two popular mobile OS.
  • Identify at least two reasons why you could use a
    tablet over a laptop PC in the workplace.

22
Any questions?
23
Todays Agenda
  • Introduction
  • What youll learn
  • Brief overview of todays most popular mobile OS
  • Practical Uses in the Workplace
  • Off-the-Shelf vs. Task-Specific
  • Areas for Improvement
  • Summary
  • QA

24
Practical Uses in the Workplace for People with
Disabilities
25
Practical Uses (Without 3rd Party Apps)
  • Before you install one app or add any accessory,
    here are some of the things that you can do with
    your mobile devices
  • Cloud storage (sync data across multiple devices)
  • Remote access to public and private networks
  • Camera functionality (Take pictures/Record and
    edit video)
  • Email/Text Messaging
  • Web Browsing
  • Calendar/Task Management
  • Call/Text/Dictate Emails (manually and by voice)
  • Video Chat
  • Take/Record Notes
  • Social Networking Integration (Facebook/Twitter)
  • Blogging (Android)
  • Maps/Directions
  • When all else fails, add apps to improve
    functionality!!

26
Examples (Without 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with visual impairments (low vision)
  • On-the-go Use built-in camera to magnify content
    either by taking a picture or just zooming in
    while Camera app is running
  • At desk Plug device into larger monitor for even
    larger image.

27
Examples (Without 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with visual impairments (low vision)
  • Email document to themselves
  • Save document in cloud-based storage and access
    it from mobile device
  • Increase and decrease magnification using by
    pinch and zoom gestures
  • Zoom/White and Black/Large Text (iOS)

28
Examples cont. (Without 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with visual impairments (blind)
  • Manually
  • iOS Easy on/off access with set up of Triple
    Click Home feature then use onscreen keyboard
  • Android v4.0 If turned off after initial set
    up, may require reboot to restart speech then
    onscreen keyboard
  • Dictating text messages, email, or making phone
    calls
  • iOS Siri
  • Android Voice Actions

29
Examples cont. (Without 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with cognitive impairment
  • Use calendars and to-do lists to color
    code/organize tasks, activities, and deadlines
    (e.g., Windows Phone Calendar)
  • Set audible/vibrate calendar and meeting alerts
  • Record meetings, voice notes (e.g., Siri, Voice
    Memos for iOS)
  • Provide written instructions (e.g., send text
    messages, email)

30
Examples cont. (Without 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with cognitive impairments
  • Record meeting with Voice Memos while taking
    notes with Notes (iOS). Voice Memos runs in
    background as indicated by bright-red
    notification area.

31
Examples cont. (Without 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with motor or dexterity impairments
  • Swype Keyboard (Android) Alternative keyboard
    input method where using literally drags finger
    across keyboard to choose characters
  • Faster input method for texting, email,
    note-taking, etc.

32
Examples (Without 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users who are deaf/hard of hearing
  • Email, text messaging
  • ASL Users Use Video Chat and/or Video messages
    using Qik (Android certain models) or Facetime
    (iPhone)
  • Users have the ability to chat in real-time using
    front or rear-facing cameras
  • Send video mail Can be created on phone and
    saved to user account at www.qik.com

33
Practical Uses (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • The addition of apps takes all of those built-in
    apps (e.g., Camera, Video Chat, voice recording,
    GPS, etc.) to a new level of functionality in
    most cases.

34
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with visual impairments (low vision)
  • All kinds of magnifier apps for iPhone/Android!!
  • Magnifying Glass w/ Lite (2.49) shown. Many
    free ones available!!
  • Functionality and quality depends on app
  • Image quality greatly reduced at higher settings
  • What does this mean?
  • Success with these kinds of tools in the
    workplace will depend specifically on users
    needs and vision loss
  • Will not benefit individuals that require sharp
    contrast or higher levels of magnification

35
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with visual impairments (low vision)
  • Nothing much better than Pinch and Zoom
    gestures or Zoom/Large Text features (iOS)
  • Other options
  • Zoom Contacts (4.99)
  • Nice app for Large Print/High contrast view of
    internal contacts for iOS (iPad and iPad2)

36
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with visual impairments (low vision/blind)
  • Alternatives
  • Zoom Reader (19.99)
  • App converts image to text using OCR and iPhone 4
    camera. Supports VoiceOver.
  • Great deal of customization.
  • ImageToText (Free)
  • Take picture, send text to email or Evernote.
    Individual could send text or have someone send
    info to them.

37
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with cognitive impairments
  • Evernote (Free) note-taking app that allows you
    to create text notes, voice notes, store
    documents, take pictures, etc.
  • Works with nearly every computer, phone, and
    mobile device on the market!
  • Allows for search by keyword, tag or even printed
    and handwritten text inside images

38
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with cognitive impairments
  • AudioNote (Free, 4.99 for Full version )
    Simple note-taking app that syncs audio recording
    with notes.
  • User can take notes using onscreen keyboard or
    freehand. Also offers shapes, symbols, and
    different colors.
  • Full version enables sharing of content by Wi-Fi
    and email.

39
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with cognitive impairments
  • Mind Mapping Apps Useful tools for organizing
    thoughts and ideas. Brainstorming tools.
  • iThoughtsHD (9.99) Fairly comprehensive tool.
    Offers many ways to export Mind Map to different
    applications/devices
  • SimpleMind (6.99) Simplified mapping app.
    Only exports to SimpleMind Desktop application
    via wi-fi

40
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with cognitive, motor, and/or dexterity
    impairments
  • VoCal XL (Free, 5.99 for Full version) app is
    pretty much voice 'to-do' list/calendar. Simply
    speak your personal memo or appointment, set the
    time and date, and be reminded in your voice or a
    number of different sounds.
  • Reminders vary between once, every minute, and
    every hour (more in full version)
  • Newer interface offers nice contrast
  • One-way sync with iPhone calendar
  • Notifications even when app is not running

41
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with cognitive, motor, and/or dexterity
    impairments
  • Dragon Dictation (Free) - lets you send short
    text messages, longer email messages, and even
    update your Facebook and Twitter statuses without
    typing a word. Allows user to add/delete notes,
    cut/copy text, and add/edit text by keyboard
    input.

42
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with speech impairments
  • Proloquo2Go (189) Probably most well-known
    augmentative and alternative communication app.
    Easy to set up and use it provides natural
    sounding text-to-speech voices, high resolution
    up-to-date symbols, a default vocabulary of over
    7,000 items and is fully expandable.

43
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users with speech impairments
  • Predictable (159) Offers customizable AAC
    functions with social media integration (i.e.,
    Facebook updates, Twitter updates, SMS, and
    Email)
  • Note As of v1.2, only email can be managed in
    all access modes. Other methods require direct
    access.
  • 3 access modes switch/scan, direct, touch
    anywhere
  • Supports handwriting recognition as well.
  • A lot of customization for advanced users
  • Accessible via BT switch box or Therapy Switch
    box from RJ Coopersupports one or two switches

44
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users who are deaf/hard of hearing
  • Lots of different ASL Apps Make it easier for
    individuals who do not know ASL to communicate
    with individuals that do
  • Sign4Me (9.99/12.99 for iPad version) Signed
    English translator that provides 3D playback of
    avatar signed what was typed (allows for rate of
    speed adjustments)
  • iASL (1.99) Translates English to ASL. Meant
    for phrases, but there is a dictionary portion
    for single words as well. Uses real person for
    video clip, not avatar
  • Learn To Sign (Free) Simple sign language
    dictionary app

45
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users who are deaf/hard of hearing
  • Apps that support text relay, video relay, and
    real-time captioning on telephone Enable
    deaf/hard of hearing individuals to communicate
    more effectively using telecommunications tools
  • Hamilton Mobile CapTel (Free) Word-for-word
    real-time transcriptions on your cell phone of
    whats being said as you listen -
    http//www.hamiltoncaptel.com/mobile_captel/
  • Clear Capp (0.99) Designed for F2F
    conversations, app captures up to 10 seconds of
    audio and transcribes it in large print (Could do
    essentially the same thing with Dragon Dictation
    app, which is free)

46
Examples (With 3rd Party Apps)
  • Users who are hard of hearing
  • SoundAMP (Free, 4.99 for full version) app
    uses devices microphone to amplify environmental
    sounds, as well as speech.
  • Offers a lot of customization
  • Records audio

47
Practical Uses (With Accessories)
Adding accessories further increases the
functionality of mobile devices.
48
Examples (Accessories)
  • Mounting Options
  • Enable users to safely secure mobile devices no
    matter the situation (in office, using
    wheelchair, etc.)
  • Useful for individuals with motor or dexterity
    issues

49
Examples (Accessories)
  • Stock wired headsets (30)/Stereo Bluetooth
    headsets (price varies)
  • Could work for all kinds of users
  • Allow for control audio playback, useful for
    dictation, call management

50
Examples (Accessories)
  • Bluetooth/Wired keyboards
  • Keyboards could work for all kinds of users
    (depending on user, not as likely for those with
    motor or dexterity impairments)
  • Typically under 100

51
Examples (Accessories)
  • Addition of portable BT keyboard increases
    functionality of note-taking apps like AudioNote
    and mind mapping apps like iThoughtsHD
  • Greatly improves access for users who are
    visually impaired and using VoiceOver (iOS).

52
Examples (Accessories)
  • Brailliant BI32 BT Refreshable Braille Display
    (2600)
  • Designed for users with visual impairments who
    know braille also very useful for individuals
    who are deafblind
  • Portable braille displays provide blind users
    with braille output when using mobile devices.
  • Simulate use of note-taking devices like the
    PacMate or BrailleNote.

53
Examples (Accessories)
  • Switch4apps Switch Interface (260)
  • Pair Switch4Apps with your iPad by selecting it
    in the Bluetooth menu.
  • Connect any wired switches to one or more of the
    four, programmable, switch inputs.
  • Using the built-in display, select the function
    of each switch from the choice of 13 keyboard
    functions, 8 media functions and one OS function.
  • For data entry press the virtual keyboard button
    to deploy the on-screen keyboard.
  • Useful for individuals with motor impairments

54
Examples (Accessories)
  • Blue2 Bluetooth Switch (240)
  • Supports single and dual switch access through
    direct access using the two built-in switches, or
    plug in your favorite switches into the available
    ports
  • Compatible with all Apple mobile devices
  • Useful for individuals with motor impairments

55
Examples (Accessories)
  • Camera attachments (under 100)
  • Additional lenses offer more functionality
    panaromic shots, increased zoom.
  • Mounts enable uses with motor impairments the
    ability to hold and manipulate the phone more
    effectively

56
Examples (Accessories)
  • Video camera attachments (under 200)
  • Looxcie 2 Wearable Camcorder
  • 4GB and 8GB models store 5 and 10 hours of video,
    respectively
  • Accompanying app enables user to share video via
    Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, or iCloud

57
Examples (Accessories)
  • Microphone attachments (prices vary)
  • Microphone attachments improve users ability to
    capture audio
  • Useful for recording notes, meetings
  • Wireless and wired attachments are available

58
Examples (Accessories)
  • Wireless Leash by Zomm (under 100)
  • A wireless leash, a speakerphone, and a personal
    safety device combined into one device -connects
    to all Bluetooth enabled phones
  • Alerts user anytime phone is more than 30 feet
    away
  • Speakerphone useful for hands-free call management

59
Examples (Accessories)
  • H20 Audio Xplorer Portable Speaker Case ( 35)
  • Case provides provides protection for smaller
    device like iPod/iPhone/Android device
  • Use with Predictable (159) or another AAC app,
    this turns into a portable AAC device for users
    with speech impairments

60
Examples (Accessories)
  • Livescribe Echo Pen (under 200) with free
    Pencast Player app
  • Integration with Livescribe Online enables user
    to upload pencasts to be viewed in Pencast Player
    on Apple mobile devices (Android devices can view
    pencasts at http//www.livescribe.com/community)
  • Useful note-taking solution for users with
    cognitive impairments

61
Examples (Accessories)
  • Care InnovationsTM Achieve System
  • Using the Achieve Tablet (or Intel Reader) in
    combination with the Achieve software for Windows
    or Mac and the Achieve Camera, the user can
    quickly capture and access content from printed
    materials while on the go.
  • Features
  • File creation Create a DAISY 3.0 books or .txt
    file for playback, a .jpg for reference, or an
    MP3.
  • Import and Read Supports DAISY 2, 2.02, and 3
    NIMAS 11 .txt Learning Ally Audiobooks and
    Bookshare digital books.

62
Examples (Accessories)
  • Features cont.
  • High Contrast settings Background and text
    color combinations include black and white, blue
    and white, yellow and black, and red and white,
    or readers can customize themes to their own
    personal preference.
  • Adaptable User Interface (Achieve Software)
    Customize your reading experience with text
    magnification, zoomable user interface, and
    third-party peripherals like foot pedals and
    Braille displays.
  • Other features Synchronized text highlighting
    with audio, Native MathML support, HTML support
  • Intel Reader available for those individuals that
    do not wish to use touch interface.
  • Pricing (Education Bundles)
  • Achieve Camera and Achieve Software - 599
  • Achieve Tablet, Achieve Camera, and Achieve
    Software - 1,099 (899 School Evaluation Kit)
  • Pricing (Separate)
  • Achieve Camera - 599, Achieve Software - 99
    Achieve Advanced Software - 299 Achieve Camera
    - 319 Intel Reader - 599 Intel Portable
    Capture Station - 129

63
Review Questions
  • Identify a mobile app that is well suited to
    support mild hearing loss.
  • Identify an accessory that improves access to
    mobile technology for users with motor
    impairments.

64
Any questions?
65
Todays Agenda
  • Introduction
  • What youll learn
  • Brief overview of todays most popular mobile OS
  • Practical Uses in the Workplace
  • Off-the-Shelf vs. Task-Specific
  • Areas for Improvement
  • Summary
  • QA

66
Task-Specific vs. Off-the-Shelf
67
Portable Reading Devices for users with visual
impairments vs. Mobile Phones
Victor Stream/Bookport Plus/BookSense
iOS/Android/Windows Phone Devices
68
Portable Reading Devices for users with visual
impairments vs. Mobile Phones
Victor Stream/Bookport Plus/BookSense
iOS/Android/Windows Phone Devices
  • A blind or low vision user can independently
    manage all of these tasks through use of apps
    (iPhone mostly)
  • Additionally, these devices offer phone
    functionality, note-taking, IM/Email, Task
    Management, GPS, etc.
  • Costs 200-400
  • Read DTBs from NLS, Learning Ally, Bookshare,
    Audible.com books, Podcasts, html, txt files
  • Ability to record audio, edit recordings in some
    cases
  • Ability to stream radio, transfer files via Wi-Fi
    (depending on device)
  • Costs 300-500

69
Note-taking Devices for users with visual
impairments vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
BrailleNote/PacMate
iPad/Android
70
Note-taking Devices for users with visual
impairments vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
BrailleNote Apex/PacMate
iOS/Android
  • Devices offer similar capability through use of
    apps and accessories
  • Additionally, these devices can offer phone
    functionality and ability to add more apps
  • Costs 450-800 for tablet, from 1000-2500
    for refreshable braille display, under 100 for
    keyboard
  • Simple, intuitive interface for individuals with
    visual impairments
  • Full-size Braille or Qwerty keyboards
  • Software supports access to DTBS from NLS,
    unprotected EPUB books, and Audible Enhanced
    books.
  • Word processing, spreadsheet, simple database,
    internet, calendar, IM, GPS
  • Ability to directly connect to printer/embosser
  • Storage card capability
  • Wi-Fi, BT, and Ethernet capability
  • Instant on
  • Costs Very expensive! -4500-7000

71
Portable CCTVs for users with visual impairments
vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
Ruby Handheld Video Magnifier
Mobile Phone/Tablet Camera and Apps
72
Portable CCTVs for users with visual impairments
vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
  • Ruby Handheld Video Magnifier
  • Mobile Phone/Tablet Camera and Apps
  • Live magnification up to 10x-12x, depending on
    app and/or camera
  • Limited customization
  • Ability to take pictures using camera, then
    increase image size after
  • Image quality usually grainy in higher
    magnification ranges. Lower ranges will work for
    some users with low vision.
  • Additional functionality from phone or tablet
  • Costs Free-5 depending on app, cost of phone
  • Magnification 2x-14x
  • Stores up to 15 freeze frame shots
  • 2 hours of continuous use
  • Full color mode and four enhanced contrast modes
    for reading black text on a white background
    white text on a black background yellow text on
    a blue background or yellow text on a black
    background.
  • Clear, crisp image
  • Costs Expensive! 550

73
Personal amplification devices for users with
hearing impairments vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
COMTEK Personal FM
Amplification apps
74
Personal amplification devices for users with
hearing impairments vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
COMTEK Personal FM
Amplification Apps
  • Some apps offer customization, but minimal
  • Ability to adjust gain/sound
  • One-sided setup, picks up all sound. No ability
    to localize sound without controlling environment
  • Costs Free-5, up to 100 for neckloop
  • Can be used with headset or neck loop
  • Ability to adjust gain/sound coming into lapel
    microphone and/or receiver
  • Comes with multiple attachments to support
    plugging into external devices (i.e., TV,
    computer, stereo, hearing aid, cochlear implant)
  • User has receiver, speaker holds microphone
  • Programmable frequency
  • Costs Expensive! 1100

75
Augmentative Communication devices for users with
speech impairments vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
Dynavox Maestro
Proloquo2Go App
76
Augmentative Communication devices for users with
speech impairments vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
Dynavox Maestro
Proloquo2Go App
  • Similar in size to iPad
  • Built-in digital camera, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth
    capability, eBook capability
  • Several input methods switch-scanning,
    headmouse, USB mouse, etc.
  • Ability to connect household appliances using IR
    receivers or X-10 controllers
  • Standard battery 3 hrs. Extended battery 9.5
    hrs.
  • Costs Expensive! 8000can be covered by
    Medicare or private insurance
  • Easy to set up and use it provides natural
    sounding text-to-speech voices
  • High resolution up-to-date symbols
  • Single license allows for use on iPad, iPhone,
    and/or iPod Touch
  • Default vocabulary of over 7,000 items that is
    fully expandable.
  • Battery life depends on use
  • Costs 189 for app, up to 800 for iPad

77
Note-taking solutions for users with cognitive
impairments vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
Handwritten Notes/Digital Recorder
Mobile Note-taking Apps
78
Note-taking solutions for users with cognitive
impairments vs. Mobile Phones/Tablets
Handwritten Notes/Digital Recorder
  • Mobile Note-taking Apps
  • Easy
  • Its what a lot of users are used to doing
  • Costs Minimal notepad costs, digital recorders
    - 40
  • There are a large number of note-taking solutions
    available now
  • Integrated solutions like Evernote allow storage
    and access of content across multiple devices
    (i.e., mobile devices, desktop computer systems,
    etc.)
  • Cloud-based storage like DropBox and iCloud also
    offer access from multiple devices
  • Note-taking apps like AudioNote, SoundNote,
    GoodNotes, etc. allow for sharing of content via
    email or cloud-based storage, text entry as well
    as freehand note-taking
  • Costs Free - 12, plus cost of mobile device

79
Review Questions
  • Specially designed devices for individuals with a
    disability always cost significantly higher than
    off-the-shelf mobile solutions.
  • True
  • False
  • There are a number of mobile solutions available
    for individuals with significant motor
    impairments.
  • True
  • False

80
Any questions?
81
Todays Agenda
  • Introduction
  • What youll learn
  • Brief overview of todays most popular mobile OS
  • Practical Uses in the Workplace
  • Off-the-Shelf vs. Task-Specific
  • Areas for Improvement
  • Summary
  • QA

82
Areas for Improvement
83
Areas for Improvement
  • Built-in accessibility for Mobile OS
  • iOS
  • Limited support for users with significant motor
    impairments
  • Assistive Touch feature is confusing to work with
  • Use voice recognition for greater control of
    built-in apps

84
Areas for Improvement cont.
  • Built-in accessibility for Mobile OS cont.
  • Android
  • Confusion Still too many Android versions on
    market!!
  • Android v4.0
  • Need ability to navigate elements without having
    to touch them on screen
  • Easy way to turn on/off speech after initial
    setup
  • Android tablets offer little to no support for
    users with visual impairments
  • Limited support for users with significant motor
    impairments
  • Use voice recognition for greater control of
    built-in apps

85
Areas for Improvement cont.
  • Built-in accessibility for Mobile OS cont.
  • Windows Phone 7
  • Windows Phone 7 has much less support for
    built-in accessibility than iOS and Android
    (v4.0)
  • Should be much improved in v8.0
  • Improve number of accessible apps
  • Limited support for users with significant motor
    impairments
  • Use voice recognition for greater control of
    built-in apps

86
Areas for Improvement cont.
  • Apps
  • All Mobile OS
  • Improved voice recognition support within apps
  • Lack of apps that support alternative inputs,
    like single switch, scanning, etc.
  • Few OCR apps for individuals with visual
    impairments

87
Summary
88
Summary
  • Mobile OS Review
  • 7 in 10 of the mobile phones sold today are
    smartphones. In the US, 90 of those are either
    Android devices or iPhones. 6
  • 7 in 10 of the tablets sold today are iPads.
  • Built-in Accessibility
  • iOS by far the most accessible off-the-shelf
    solution
  • iOS and Android have the highest number of
    accessible apps available
  • Windows Phone 8 (due fall 2012) should have much
    improved built-in accessibility
  • Desktop/Mobile OS Integration Mac OS X Mountain
    Lion and Window 8 are moving to further integrate
    the functionality of the computer system with
    their mobile devices

89
Summary cont.
  • Practical Uses
  • What works will depend on the individual needs of
    the person with a disability.
  • For many of these mobile solutions to work, the
    individual really needs to be comfortable with
    technology.
  • The large number of apps and accessories
    available for mobile devices makes it possible to
    find off-the-shelf solutions that work just as
    well as devices designed specifically to complete
    a certain task.
  • The adoption of cloud-based storage solutions
    (e.g., Box, Dropbox, iCloud) has made it much
    easier to share information across multiple
    devices. As a result, mobile devices are
    becoming more common.

90
Summary cont.
Off-the-Shelf vs. Task-Specific Sometimes it is
worth it to just spend the money!! For some
users, devices designed specifically for
individuals with disabilities are better
solutions. While mobile devices have come a long
way, there still not the answer for many
people.
91
Review Questions
  • There are very few apps that have support for
    alternative inputs (i.e., switches).
  • True
  • False
  • Identify an area where off-the-shelf mobile
    technologies do not need to be improved.
  • Built-in accessibility
  • Support for users with significant motor
    impairments
  • App support for cloud-based storage

92
Questions

93
Contact Information
Korey Singleton Assistive Technology Initiative
(ATI) George Mason University Aquia Building,
Room 238 Office Phone 703-993-2143 E-mail ksin
glet_at_gmu.edu Web http//ati.gmu.edu
94
References
  • 1 of 2 Smartphones Running Android. Retrieved
    from http//www.techradar.com/news/phone-and-commu
    nications/mobile-phones/1-in-2-smartphones-now-run
    ning-android-1063403.
  • Nokia Symbian Officially Most Popular Mobile OS
    of 2011. Retrieved from http//www.electricpig.co.
    uk/2012/01/06/nokia-symbian-officially-the-most-po
    pular-mobile-os-of-2011/.
  • Why Nokia cant crack the U.S. market - Sep. 16,
    2010. Retrieved from http//money.cnn.com/2010/09/
    16/technology/nokia/index.htm.
  • Readers Choice Awards 2012 Smartphones and
    Mobile Carriers. Retrieved from
    http//www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2402202,00.as
    p.
  • Windows Phone Smokes Android, but cant sell.
    Retrieved from http//www.pcmag.com/article2/0,281
    7,2402264,00.asp.
  • iOS Market Share Up From 26 in Q3 to 43 in
    Oct/Nov 2011. Retrieved from http//techcrunch.com
    /2012/01/09/ios-marketshare-up-from-26-in-q3-to-43
    -in-octnov-2011/.

95
References cont.
  • Media Tablets Eclipse Netbook Sales for First
    Time in 2Q11. Retrieved from http//www.abiresearc
    h.com/press/3795-MediaTabletsEclipseNetbookSal
    esfortheFirstTimein2Q11.
  • iPhone now more popular than Blackberry in
    workplace, study finds. Retrieved from
    http//www.itbusiness.ca/it/client/en/home/news.as
    p?id64996.
  • Making Sense of the Mobile Workforce. Retrieved
    from http//contenthub.apa.co.uk/actionbar/27036.
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