Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7892dc-MGE4O



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures

Description:

Title: Anthropology 104 Traditional Cultures of the World Author: Stephen Siemens Last modified by: Stephen Siemens Created Date: 8/18/2001 4:09:51 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:52
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 45
Provided by: Stephen962
Learn more at: http://www.csun.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures


1
Anthropology 315Third World Cultures
  • Dr. Siemens
  • Office-Sierra Hall 240B
  • Office Telephone (818) 677-4632
  • Office Hours
  • Wednesday Friday 1-130
  • Thursday 1145AM-115PM
  • and by appointment
  • Email stephen.siemens_at_csun.edu

2
3x5 Card
  • Name
  • Reason for Class
  • Previous Anthropology
  • Email Address
  • Is there a particular Third World Culture of
    interest to you?
  • Anything else you want Dr. Siemens to know about
    you and your interests.

3
THE SCOPE OF ANTHROPOLOGYWhat anthropologists
have you heard of?What did they study?
4
Harrison Ford as fictional Indiana Jones
5
Mary Leakey Discovered Oldest Footprints
6
Louis Leakey found fossil humans
7
Jane Goodall was first to study chimpanzees in
the wild.
8
Jane Goodall still works for Chimpanzee
conservation.
9
Dian Fossey was first to study gorillas in the
wild.
10
Sigourney Weaver as Dian Fossey
11
Margaret Mead with Samoan Girls
12
Deborah Tannen
13
David Maybury-Lewis(right) Host of PBS series
MilleniumAlso founder of the human rights group
Cultural Survival
14
Anthropologists You may have Heard of
  • Indiana Jones
  • Mary Leakey
  • Louis Leakey
  • Jane Goodall
  • Dian Fossey
  • Margaret Mead
  • Deborah Tannen
  • David Maybury-Lewis
  • Explore Ruins (fictional)
  • Fossil Hunter
  • Fossil Hunter
  • Chimpanzees
  • Gorillas
  • Samoan Girls
  • American Women and Men Talking
  • Xavante Rights

Fictitious anthropologist
15
Anthropologists in the News
  • Anthropologists contribute to American society as
    well as to the international community of scholars

16
Helen Fisher Studies Brains in Love
  • Considers three types of love
  • Romantic
  • Lust
  • Attachment
  • Antidepresents may inhibit love
  • LA Times, July 30, 2007
  • Neurotransmitters
  • Serotonin (low)
  • Norepinephrine (maybe)
  • Testosterone (lust)
  • Dopamine (novelty)
  • Vasopressin (Male attachment
  • Oxytocin (Female attachment)

17
Jeanne Arnold Studies Middle Class Los Angeles
Residents
  • Middle Class spend a lot on yards and dont use
    them
  • Two wage earners dont have leisure time
  • LA Times August 19, 2007
  • Arnold is also an expert on Chumash.

18
Frederick Kyalo Manthi discovered the most recent
habiline 1.5 mya
  • Habilines must not be ancestral to our species
    since ancestral erectines appear 1.8 mya
  • LA Times 8-9-07

19
Kuhn Stiner say Neandertals lacked sexual
division of labor
  • That would establish sexual division of labor as
    distinctive of our recent evolutionary grouping
  • Philadelphia Inquirer April 2, 2007
  • Neander-tals were coed hunters

Steven L. Kuhn Mary C. Steiner
20
Sam Dunn used anthropological training in heavy
metal documentary
  • Takes holistic view religion, gender, social,
    global and historical perspectives.
  • Main obstacle was convincing artists he was
    sympathetic.
  • Metal artists gave thoughtful responses.
  • Some appeared hostile on camera but friendly off
    camera.
  • Anthropological approach was not first choice.

Chicago Tribune 4-14-06
21
(No Transcript)
22
Anthropologists in the News
  • Helen Fisher
  • Jeanne Arnold
  • Frederick Kyalo Manthi
  • Sam Dunn
  • Brain Biochemistry of Love
  • Los Angeles Middle Class Homes
  • Fossil human-like species of a couple million
    years ago
  • Heavy metal music

23
Anthropologists for Our Readings
Turnbull-Mbuti, Weiner-Trobriands, Flint de
Waal -Darfur Evans-Pritchard and Siemens-Azande
Trobriands (Weiner)
Darfur FlintdeWaal
Mbuti (Turnbull)
24
Colin Turnbull Mbuti (Sua)
25
Mitsuo Ichikawa
  • Mbuti (Sua)

26
Robert Bailey-Mbuti (Efe)
Justin Kendrick- Mbuti
27
Bronislaw Malinowski Trobriand Fieldwork and
Functionalism
28
Annette Weiner Trobriands
29
Darfur, Sudan
  • Julie Flint and Alex de Waal used research on Dor
    village by anthropologist Adam Abdul-Jalil Musa

30
Edward Evans-Pritchard Azande
31
Siemens Observes Azande Magic
32
Anthropologists for Our Readings
  • Colin Turnbull
  • Mitsuo Ichikawa
  • Robert Bailey
  • Justin Kendrick
  • Annette Weiner
  • Bronislaw Malinowski
  • Adam Abdul-Jalil Musa
  • Julie Flint and Alex de Waal
  • Edward Evans-Pritchard
  • Stephen Siemens
  • Mbuti Pygmies
  • Mbuti Pygmies
  • Mbuti Pygmies
  • Mbuti Pygmies
  • Trobriand Islanders
  • Trobriand Islanders
  • Darfur
  • Darfur
  • Azande
  • Azande

33
Why are all of these called anthropologists?
34
Anthropology Defined
  • Anthropology is the study of human beings in a
    holistic manner.
  • Holism means appreciating totalities as more than
    mere combinations of parts.
  • There are two ways anthropology is holistic.
  • 1) Comprehensiveness. Because anthropology is
    holistic its study includes all humans of all
    places and all times.
  • 2) Interrelatedness. Because anthropology is
    holistic any human group should be studied in its
    entirety, finding connections among economics,
    politics, religion, language, etc.

35
Nature and Nurture
  • A hundred years ago anthropology was the same as
    racial studies.
  • Biological determinism was the prevailing view.
  • Eugenics was popular.
  • Eugenics seeks to improve a population by
    identifying those with good genes and promoting
    their reproduction. Those with bad genes are
    prevented from reproducing.
  • Nazi extermination of Jews was eugenics.
  • Eugenics is inhumane and mistaken about genetics.

36
(No Transcript)
37
Cultural Determinism
  • Franz Boas argued that the important sources of
    human variation were learned rather than
    inherited.
  • Boas changed the prevailing view to cultural
    determinism.
  • Boas decreased the importance of biology to
    anthropology and increased the importance of
    learned culture.

38
Anthropological SubfieldsFirst four subfields
are results of differences in methods.
  • Physical (or Biological) Anthropology
  • Archeology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Cultural Anthropology
  • Applied Anthropology intersects the first four.
  • Has practical as well as intellectual goals.

39
Physical Anthropology
  • Physical Anthropology uses biological methods.

Physical anthropology studies human origin,
related species variation.
40
Archeology
  • Archeology uses excavation methods and sampling.
  • Archeology studies artifacts.
  • Artifacts are objects made by humans.

41
Linguistic Anthropology
  • Linguistic Anthropology uses linguistic methods.
  • Linguistic anthropology studies language in use.

42
Cultural Anthropology
  • Cultural Anthropology uses participant
    observation.
  • Cultural anthropology studies cultures of living
    people.
  • This class is about cultural anthropology.

43
Applied Anthropology
  • Intersects cultural, physical, linguistic and
    archeological anthropology.
  • Works with organizations to solve problems using
    anthropology business, government,
    non-governmental organizations.
  • Creates commonality among practitioners
  • Marietta L. Baba (right) as worked with major
    corporations such as Motorola.
  • Current interest is in globally distributed work
    groups.
  • Network analysis reveals rifts that hinder
    productivity.

44
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com