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BULLIES ARE EVERYWHERE : Power Issues at Home, Work, and School

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Title: BULLIES ARE EVERYWHERE : Power Issues at Home, Work, and School Author: Frank Sacco Created Date: 4/17/2006 5:34:06 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BULLIES ARE EVERYWHERE : Power Issues at Home, Work, and School


1
BULLIES ARE EVERYWHERE Power Issues at Home,
Work, and School
  • Part II Examples at Home, School, and Work -
    Designing Effective Interventions
  • Stuart W. Twemlow, MD
  • Professor of Psychiatry
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Houston, Texas

2
How Power Dynamics Work
  • Social Roles Attract Certain Personalities
  • All Personalities are Unique
  • Behavior in the Social Role Is Predictable
  • Power Dynamics Are Public Dramas
  • The Stages for the Dramas Change and Individuals
    Might Play Different Roles
  • Leaders Set the Tone for a Climate-Group Dynamic

3
Bullies, Victims, Bystanders at Home
  • Absent Father as Bully, Victim, and Bystander
  • Child as Bully to Parent and Siblings
  • Domestic Victims as Bystanders to Childs
    Victimization
  • Bully Parent Defensiveness at School (Victim)
  • Parentification and Helpful Bystanding
  • Dismissive Families

4
Non Mentalising FamiliesWhen Bullies Run
Families
  • Hurt and Neglect their Children
  • Poor Internal Regulation of Affect
  • Fixed Power Struggles Create Reactivity
  • Sadistic and Anti Authority Role Modeling
  • Dismiss Pain of the Victim-Leads to Multiple
    Generational Transmission of Trauma
  • Inconsistent Parenting Different Parental
    Signals

5
Bullies at Work
  • The exposure of a worker over and over again to
    negative interactions on the part of one or more
    dominant persons or groups who gain in some way
    from the discomfort of the victim. These
    negative actions are intentional inflictions of
    injury or discomfort and may involve physical
    contact, words or insulting gestures, forms of
    sexual bribery and coercion including quid pro
    quo manipulation.
  • There is an imbalance of power in an
    asymmetrical coercive power dynamic.
  • Victim - victimizer and bystander roles
    interchange, and when violence is imminent,
    become fixed.

6
  • Power is the ultimate aphrodisiac - attributed
    to Henry Kissinger.
  • The Nature of Workplace Harassment
  • Sexual Harassment first legally defined in 1980
  • (U.S. Equal Employment Commission)
  • 42 Women report harassment in previous 2 years
  • 15 Men
  • (U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board 1981)
  • 73 Women reported harassment in medical school
    and residency
  • 22 Men
  • Primarily Sexism
  • Other Vulnerable Workers Disability, SES,
    Sexual Orientation, Race
  • Who can one hit if not ones friends. Sir Ralph
    Richardson to Sir Alec Guinness before punching
    him in the jaw.

7
Violence Harassment in the Workplace is
  • Social Systems Group Focused
  • Group Dynamics Magnifies FEAR
  • Fear Narrows Response Options Perspective
  • Induces Perseveration
  • Reduces Work Efficiency
  • Promotes absenteeism
  • Group Dynamics Create Transference
    Distortions

8
  • Street Violence
  • Individual Focus
  • Acute
  • Influenced by Community Organization
  • Physical Motive
  • Work Place Violence
  • Group Focus
  • Chronic
  • Influenced by Workplace Organization
  • Psychological Motive

9
Types of Harassers
  • The Spurious Counselor/Helper
  • The Confidant
  • The Intellectual
  • The Power Broker
  • The Sadist

10
  • Three Cases of Harassment
  • African-American woman by white male
    supervisor Avoidant Bystanders husband,
    personnel chief, co-workers,
  • Hispanic woman by African-American woman Bully
    Bystanders co-workers, personnel chief.
  • Conservative white male by female co-workers
    and their supporters Bully bystanding and victim
    by-standing by co-workers and personnel officers.

11
Bullying at School
  • Earliest Indication of Lifelong Problems with
    Aggression
  • Bullying Creates Non-Achieving Climates
  • Home Played Out on Schools Stage
  • Developmental Evolution from Physical to Social
    Aggression
  • Urban/Suburban/Rural Enactments

12
BACK OFF BULLY Back Off Bully, Get Out of My
Face, Everybody Needs their Personal Space, Do
Your Own Thing, Get Off My Case, Did You Ever
Notice that Trouble Comes In Threes, The Bully,
The Bystander, and The Victim, Thats me, The
Bully Needs Attention, The Victim gets Hurt The
Bystander just Watches and Doesnt say A
Word, Shame is The Bullys Game, The Victim
Stands There And Takes The Pain, Bystander You
fan The Flames, Round and Round Its a Hurtin
Game, We Dont Like The Bully Game, With All
That Pain And Shame, Weve Got Other Things To
Do, Better Roles To Play, Im Not A Victim, I am A
Person, I Will Stand Up For Myself, Im Not A
Bystander, I am A Friend Who Can Look After
Someone Else, Change Bully, You Can Change, You
Dont have To Play That Hurtn Game, Try A
Different Role, Try A Brand New Way, Its Easy,
All You Have To Say Is BACK OFF B ULLY
13
GENTLE WARRIOR
  • Create a Model of Being a Helpful Bystander or
    Friend
  • 10 Week Course for K-5 Children in PE
  • Practice Movement (physical) and Self Reflection
    (Mental) to Teach Assertiveness and Strategies to
    Deal with Bullies

14
GENTLE WARRIORProgram Elements
  • Stretching Breathing
  • Relaxation
  • Role Play
  • Defensive Escapes
  • Use of Voice/Feet
  • Self Reflection
  • Parent Involvement

15
Research FindingsGentle Warrior Program
  • Randomized, Control Study with 11 schools over 3
    years
  • Gentle Warrior Program Specially Studied Using a
    Sub Sample of 268 (141 boys, 127 girls)
  • Grades 3-5 in Midwestern American City
  • Study in the Third Year or Maintenance Phase
  • All Prior Exposure to CAPSLE
  • 3 Session Refresher Course

16
Measures
  • Self Report of Victimization
  • Bystander Behavior
  • Attitudes to Aggression
  • Teacher CAPSLE Use
  • GW Participation
  • Using Validated Questionnaires (Vernberg)

17
Results3 Week Review of GWP
  • reduced boys victimization of others
  • increased boys helpful bystander
  • increased boys empathy
  • had little impact on girls
  • Validates that Mentalization was Mediated by the
    Use of A Martial Arts

18
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20
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21
CHILDRENS BOOKS ILLUSTRATING VARIOUS ROLES
22
MIDDLE SCHOOL-URBAN WORKSHEETS
23
Classroom Tools
  • Coloring Books, Games, Word Searches, Work Sheets
    Used to Increase Mentalization

24
I feel upset if I see a kid being picked on
25
I enjoy and encourage aggression
26
I feel responsibility to stop aggression
27
Teachers report less victimization in CAPSLE
schools
28
Mean Metropolitan Achievement Test Scores of
1,106 Children Participating in Peaceful Schools
Program and 1,106 Matched Controls
Percentile scores
Matched controls
In program previous year
Own control
In program both years
In program current year
Note Error bars represent 95 confidence
intervals (two standard errors)
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