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Unit I: Exploration, Discovery

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Unit I: Exploration, Discovery & Settlement Chapters 1-3 in Text Objectives: Recognize differences between Colonists and Euro cousin Analyze the reasons for European ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit I: Exploration, Discovery


1
Unit I Exploration, Discovery Settlement
Chapters 1-3 in Text
  • Objectives
  • Recognize differences between Colonists and Euro
    cousin
  • Analyze the reasons for European exploration and
    colonization
  • Identify differences between Colonial regions
  • Analyze the role Euro settlement had on Native
    culture cultural landscape
  • Evaluate the reasons for the Colonies
    declaration for Independence
  • Assess the manner in which the Colonists and
    British waged the Revolutionary War

2
Unit I Euro Exploration
  • European Explorers
  • No notion of founding a new nation
  • Sought wealth, resources, glory
  • Early settlers
  • No desire to found new nation
  • Saw themselves as subjects of English King
  • They wanted wealth, opportunity religious
    freedom
  • Most Colonists
  • English-speaking agricultural lived outside of
    kings immediate demands (left behind social
    hierarchies)
  • grew to appreciate the would-be American
    ideals(personal liberty, religious tolerance,
    econ opportunities)
  • subjugated and annihilated native population

3
Unit I Colonies and Colonists
  • Thirteen Colonies
  • Differed politically, economically temperament
  • Puritans carved tight-knit, family oriented
    societies
  • Southern colonies vast in land, plantation
    economy
  • Urban areas will grow in North, not South
  • Middle colonies were diverse
  • Aristocratic New York, Merchant-heavy Philly
    Boston
  • Religious diversity in Middle colonies
  • Colonists and the Crown
  • Many colonists enjoyed relative freedom from King
  • Many colonist profitable in trade- large profits
  • Colonists were not merely surviving but thriving

4
Unit I Period of Instability
  • 1760s
  • British and French- Indian War fought on American
    soil
  • 7 Years War fought on European soil
  • War strengthened Colonits resolve to serve the
    Crown
  • Washington fought for Brits against French
  • War weakened the British treasury
  • Crown paid more attention to Colonies afterwards
  • British Victory over France
  • Drove French from new lands
  • In reverse fortunes for Britain British became
    less impt to Colonists
  • No need for British protection against French
  • British levied taxes to induce loyalty and
    from Colonies
  • New Nation is Forged
  • Revolution caused colonists to put aside regional
    differences
  • 15 colonist was loyal to crown
  • American won this war--
  • held firm to the ideals of American cause and
    received help from French

5
  • First settlement in N. America happened as much
    as 40,000 years ago
  • First Americans (Natives) adapted to the varied
    environments of the region they inhabited
  • Estimated population 50-75 million persons
  • They spoke different languages, had different
    beliefs, different diets, different values
  • Small Settlements small, semi-permament
    settlments (not much over 300)
  • Men hunted and made tools women grew crops
    (corn, beans, tobacco)
  • Other peoples were nomadic (Sioux and Pawnee
    hunted the Buffalo herds)
  • Larger Societies (not much over 300)
  • Pueblos in SW lived in multi-storied buildings,
    intricate irrigation designs
  • Northeast- Iroquois formed Confederation to
    withstand attacks from enemies during 17th 18th
    centuries
  • Highly organized societies
  • Extensive trade
  • Created scientific calendars
  • Cultures of Central and South America
  • Most estimated to live in Central and South
    America
  • 300-800AD Mayas in Guatemala Belize
  • Aztecs in Central America
  • Incas in Peru

6
Europe and Exploration
  • Until 1400 no knowledge of one another
  • Europeans and Asians had no knowledge of two
    American continents
  • Why no oceanic crossings and exploration before
    1500?
  • Short video clip (elementary in nature)
  • Turning Points in History
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