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www.judaica-europeana.eu SW and Judaica Europeana - A Europeana Thematic Project Dov Winer European Association for Jewish Culture

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Europeana, aggregation of content and Linked Data for Cultural Heritage 22nd November 2011 Citilab, Cornell -Barcelona www.judaica-europeana.eu – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: www.judaica-europeana.eu SW and Judaica Europeana - A Europeana Thematic Project Dov Winer European Association for Jewish Culture


1
www.judaica-europeana.eu SW and Judaica
Europeana -A Europeana Thematic Project Dov
WinerEuropean Association for Jewish Culture
Europeana, aggregation of content and Linked Data
for Cultural Heritage 22nd November 2011 Citilab,
Cornellà-Barcelona
2
Jewish participation in urban life in Europe
  • Jewish cultural expressions in European cities
    can be documented through objects dispersed in
    many collections documents, books, manuscripts,
    periodicals, photographs, works of art, religious
    artefacts, postcards, posters, audio-recordings
    and films, as well as buildings and cemeteries.
  • History of the Jews by Heinrich Graetz, Leipzig
    1864. Copper engraving of Moses Mendelssohn by A.
    and TH. Weger. Judaica Collection, Goethe
    University Library

3

YIVO The Power of Persuasion, Jewish Posters
from Prewar Poland 1900-1939
http//www.yivoinstitute.org/exhibits/posterfr.htm
4
Jews and the City
  • Prof. Steven Zipperstein points to the anti-urban
    bias of most of the Jewish historiography and
    how this began to change at the end of the 20th
    century.
  • S. Zipperstein (1987),Jewish Historiography and
    the Modern City. Jewish History vol 2, pp 77-88
  • Modernization is about everyone becoming urban,
    mobile, literate, articulate, intellectually
    intricate, physically fastidious, and
    occupationally flexible. It is about learning how
    to cultivate people and symbols, not fields and
    herds. It is about pursuing wealth for the sake
    of learning, learning for the sake of wealth, and
    both wealth and learning for their own sake. It
    is about transforming peasants and princes into
    merchants and priests, replacing inherited
    privilege with acquired prestige, and dismantling
    social estates for the benefit of individuals,
    nuclear families, and book-reading tribes
    (nations). Modernization, in other words, is
    about everyone becoming Jewish.
  • Yuri Slezkine, The Jewish Century. Princeton
    Princeton University Press, 2004. For the first
    chapter http//press.princeton.edu/chapters/s7819
    .html

5
  • 5,000,000
  • digital objects

6
The Judaica Europeana project
  • The facts
  • Co-funded by the eContentPlus program of the
    European Commission initial budget framework of
    3 Million Euro ( 4 Million USD)
  • First stage 2010-2012
  • Second stage 2012-14 continuity through a
    Memorandum of Understanding between partners and
    participation in DM2E a 3-year Digital
    Humanities Europeana project to begin in 2012.
  • The program
  • Digitisation and aggregation of Jewish content
    for Europeana 5 million objects
  • Coordination of standards across institutions in
    order to synchronise the metadata with the
    requirements of Europeana.
  • Deployment of knowledge management tools
    vocabularies, thesauri and ontologies for the
    indexing, retrieval and re-use of the aggregated
    content.
  • Dissemination activities to stimulate the use of
    digitised content in academic research
    university- based teaching schools museums
    and virtual exhibitions conferences cultural
    tourism the arts and multimedia.

7
The growing network
  • 24 institutions in 16 cities museums, libraries
    and archives
  • Partners
  • European Association of Jewish Culture, London
  • Judaica Sammlung der Universitätsbibliothek der
    Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main
  • Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris
  • Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activity
    (MiBAC), Rome
  • Amitié, Centre for Research and Innovation,
    Bologna
  • British Library, London
  • Hungarian Jewish Archives, Budapest
  • Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
  • Jewish Museum of Greece, Athens
  • Jewish Museum London
  • National Technical University, Athens
  •  
  • Associate Partners
  • Center Jewish History, New York
  • National Library of Israel, Jerusalem
  • Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid
  • Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana, Amsterdam
  • Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam
  • Jewish Museum Berlin
  • Jewish Museum, Frankfurt/Main
  • Leopold Zunz Centrum, Halle-Wittenberg
  • Lorand Collection, Augsburg University
  • Paris Yiddish CenterMedem Library
  • Sephardi Museum, Toledo
  • Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem
  • Salomon Ludwig Steinheim Institute, Duisberg
  • Ben Uri Gallery The London Jewish Museum of Art

8
Extending the network
  • The following expressed an interest in joining
    Judaica Europeana
  • Aberdeen University Library
  • Widener Library, Harvard University
  • Jewish Community Library and Archives, Venice
  • London Metropolitan Archive
  • Mantua City Archives
  • Jewish Museum, Florence
  • Jewish Museum, Prague
  • Jewish Museum, Vienna
  • Jewish Museum, Trieste
  • Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life,
    University of California, Berkley
  • Royal Library of Denmark
  • Travelling trunk brought by a German refugee
    family to England in May 1939, Mädler Koffer,
    c.1930, Germany. Jewish Museum London 

9
The Europeana universe
HOPE
Carrare
EURO-Photo
ECLAP
Natural Europe
APEnet
Europeana Regia
10
Judaica Europeana Virtual Exhibitions
11
Virtual Exhibitions
http//exhibitions.europeana.eu/exhibits/show/yidd
ish-theatre-en
http//exhibitions.europeana.eu/exhibits/show/dada
-to-surrealism-en
12
Virtual Exhibitions
http//www.culturaitalia.it/pico/speciali/stella_d
i_david_e_tricolore/index.html
13
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14
EDM Europeana Data Model
  • Guus Schreiber
  • with input from Carlo Meghini, Antoine Isaac,
    Stefan Gradmann, Makx Dekkers et al. from
    Europeana V1

15
Europeana architecture
Slide taken from the presentation by Cesare
Concordia, ISTI/CNR at the LIDA 2009 Workshop
16
The essence of RDF the triple
subject
property
value
Source The thirty minute guide to RDF and
Linked Data, by Ian Davis and Tom Heath
17
Linked Open Data Datasets on the Web 10/2011
Over 31.7 billion RDF triples
Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard
Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http//lod-cloud.net/
  • http//www.linkeddata.org
  • http//esw.w3.org/DataSetRDFDump
  • http//esw.w3.org/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/Lin
    kingOpenData/DataSets/Statistics

18
Europeana Data Model
  1. Distinction between provided object (painting,
    book, program) and digital representation
  2. Distinction between object and metadata record
    describing an object
  3. Allows for multiple records for the same object,
    containing potentially contradictory statements
    about an object
  4. Support for objects that are composed of other
    objects
  5. Standard metadata format that can be specialized
  6. Standard vocabulary format that can be
    specialized
  7. EDM should be based on existing standards ?
    not yet another standard !

19
EDM basics
  • OAI ORE for organization of metadata about an
    object ? requirements 1-4
  • Dublin Core for metadata representation ?
    requirement 5
  • SKOS for vocabulary representation ?
    requirement 6
  • OAI ORE, Dublin Core and SKOS together
    fulfil requirement 7

20
Tagging content with controlled
vocabulariesIrish vocabulary on Vikings
From Jill Cousins, Europeana Overview
presentation, at the Europeana 2010 Open Culture
Conference http//www.europeana-libraries.eu/web/e
uropeana-plenary-2010/presentations
21
Tagging content with controlled
vocabulariesNorwegian vocabulary on Vikings
From Jill Cousins, Europeana Overview
presentation, at the Europeana 2010 Open Culture
Conference http//www.europeana-libraries.eu/web/e
uropeana-plenary-2010/presentations
22
Mapped vocabularies semantic graphs
23
The role of controlled vocabularies in Judaica
Europeana
24
Judaica Europeana Vocabularies
  • Who?
  • What?
  • When?
  • Where?

25
Who?
26
Comprehensive review of names authorities open
issues and initiaties
  • Spelling it all out FRAD, ISNI, RDA, VIAF
    automation and the future of authority control
  • Alan DanskinMetadata Bibliographic Standards
    CoordinatorBritish Library
  • http//www.ukoln.ac.uk/events/CIG/2009/authorities
    /presentations/ppt-2000-html/a-danskin_files/v3_do
    cument.html

27
When?
28
When?
29
Where?
The award-winning Where Once We Walked (WOWW) has
been completely revised and updated to reflect
the changes in the political geography of Central
and Eastern Europe since WOWW was published in
1991. There are also a number of improvements to
the original edition noted below. The new edition
identifies more than 23,500 towns in Central and
Eastern Europe where Jews lived
30
Where?
31
vocabularies
32
vocabularies
33
vocabularies
34
vocabularies
35
Tasks for a common agenda on Jewish vocabularies
  • Who? Names
  • Disseminate the use of VIAF
  • Seek to include periodical publications in VIAF
  • RAMBI
  • Long term common effort to achieve
    comprehensiveness
  • Where? Places
  • JewishGen and Yad Vashem gazetteers as linked
    data?
  • Use Europeana guidelines to map places
    coordinates
  • Registry of Jewish gazetteers / RDF/ community
    based Jewish gazetteer service similar to
    GeoNames, Freebase, LinkedGeoData etc
  • When? Periods
  • Survey available vocabularies and seek to express
    them as Linked Data Institutional tools for
    in-depth probe on current periodisation
    practices

http//www.judaica-europeana.eu/docs/jewish_vocabu
laries_LOD.pdf
36
Hebrew and Multilingual Access to Europeana
through the IMJ Vocabularies
Objects Periods Places Artists
37
Judaica Europeana and digital humanities
38
Judaica Europeana digital humanities
eventshttp//www.judaica-europeana.eu/events.html
  • 30 July 2010, University of Bologna, Ravenna
    Campus at the EAJS CongressThe Judaica Europeana
    Digital Humanities Workshopsponsored by COST
    Action 32 Open Scholarly Communities on the Web
  • 7 October 2010, National Library of Israel and
    COST IntereditionWorkshop Judaica Europeana and
    IntereditionTools and methodologies used in the
    field of digital scholarly editing and research.
  • 6-10 July 2011, Goethe University
    Frankfurt/MainSummer School for PhD Students in
    Modern European Jewish History and German Jewish
    StudiesThe Judaica Europeana Workshop on
    digitized primary resources for Jewish studies
    led by Rachel Heuberger
  • 11 August 2011, National Library of Israel,
    JerusalemSemantic MediaWiki and the Haskala
    Project Building a modern Jewish Republic of
    Letters in the 18th and 19th Century using the
    Semantic WebThe National Library of Israel and
    Judaica Europeana workshop
  • 26 September 2011, Kings College LondonWorkshop
    on Semantic MediaWiki a tool for collaborative
    databasesJudaica Europeana Haskala Database with
    Yaron Koren
  • 31 October 2011, British Library, LondonWorkshop
    on Judaica Europeana and Digital Humanities at
    the British Library

39
Processing source data in the Humanities
aggregation
From Gradmann (2008) http//www.slideshare.net/gr
admans/europeana-semantica
40
modeling
From Gradmann (2008) http//www.slideshare.net/gr
admans/europeana-semantica
41
and digital heuristics?
From Gradmann (2008) http//www.slideshare.net/gr
admans/europeana-semantica
42
Supporting a Community of Knowledge
  • Jewish Enlightenment (HASKALA) The Republic of
    Letters Project
  • Prof. Shmuel Feiner, Bar Ilan University
  • Prof. Zohar Shavit, University of Tel Aviv
  • Prof. Christoph Schulte, University of Potsdam
  • Investigated the secularization of the
    traditional book culture
  • Established a detailed database about a thousand
    books from the end of the 18th and early 19th
    century
  • Texts in Hebrew, German. Database in SQL with a
    Visual Basic interface supporting some 147
    pre-defined queries

43
Supporting a Community of Knowledge
  • Development phases
  • Tools developed in the cluster of COST A32 Open
    Scholarly communities in the Web Michele
    Barbera and Christian Barbidoni as main
    developershttp//www.muruca.orghttp//www.netsev
    en.it
  • Linked Data Exposing your metadata on the Web
    presentation by Prof. Philippe Laublet and Milan
    Stankovic of STIH University of Paris-Sorbonne,
    February 2011)http//www.judaica-europeana.eu/Dow
    nloads/Linked_data_20110207-05.pdf
  • Yaron Koren, WikiWorks one of the main developers
    of the Semantic Media Wikihttp//wikiworks.com
    http//semantic-mediawiki.org

44
Judaica Europeana pilot projectat the University
of Frankfurt with support by WikiWorks, Yaron
Koren
  • Conversion of the Haskala database to CVS
  • Importing it as RDF in the Semantic Media Wiki
  • Metadata enrichment
  • Include the digitised versions of the books
    (Frankfurt University, National Library of
    Israel)
  • Substitute SKOS formatted controlled vocabularies
    for the present textual strings (e.g. VIAF for
    names, GeoNames for locations etc)
  • Design of the new work environment of the Haskala
    research group
  • Publication of selections of the database in
    Europeana/LOD

45
Supporting a Community of Knowledge Functionaliti
es
  • Improved data structure In place of categories
    for structuring data, simple queries will reduce
    the need for a complex classification
    system. Semantic templates enable the storage of
    semantic markup, the wiki will further develop
    its solid data structure. 
  • Searching information Individual users can
    search for specific information by creating their
    own queries reducing the dependences of the
    researchers on the developers.
  • Automatically-generated lists
  • Visual display of information The various
    display formats defined by additional extensions,
    such as Semantic Result Formats and Semantic
    Maps, allow for displaying of information in
    calendars, timelines, graphs and maps,
  • Inter-language consistency
  • External reuse Data, once it is created in an
    SMW wiki, does not have to remain within the
    wiki it can easily be exported via formats like
    CSV, JSON and RDF. This enables an SMW wiki to
    serve as a data source for other applications
  • Integrate and mash-up data Supported by
    extensions such as the Data Import, Data Transfer
    and External Data extensions.

46
Judaica Europeana and DM2E
will participate from February 2012 in the
project DM2E Digital Manuscripts for Europeana
47
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48
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50
DM2E functionality
51
  • Thank you!
  • dov.winer_at_gmail.com
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