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SESSION 8: SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS

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session 8: security council resolutions – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SESSION 8: SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS


1
SESSION 8 SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS

2
AT THE END OF SESSION 8, YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO
Explain the relevance of the work of the UN
Security Council (SC) to UNICEF's work on behalf
of children affected by armed conflict Describe
the major Security Council Resolutions on
Children Affected by Armed Conflict and how they
may be used by UNICEF
2
UNICEF
3
THE UN CHARTER AND SECURITY COUNCIL
  • Article 2(7) prohibits the UN from
    intervening in domestic affairs
  • Council resolutions are binding key words
    The Council decides.
  • Chapter VII of UN Charter intervention is
    lawful if it is to address threats to the peace,
    breaches of the peace, and acts of aggression
  • Chapter VII resolutions sanctions, use of
    force, etc. enforcement, punitive measures

3
UNICEF
4
WHY ARE SC RESOLUTIONS RELEVANT FOR UNICEF?
  • Children are part of peace/security/war
  • Councils recognition that children need to
    be integrated into peace security work
  • UN peacekeeping mandates DDR of child
    soldiers, CPAs, etc.
  • UNICEFs mandate
  • Help improve standards for child protection
    in armed conflict

4
UNICEF
5
SECURITY COUNCIL ON CHILDREN AFFECTED BY ARMED
CONFLICT (CAAC)
  • Council is now seized by the issue - 5
    years of work
  • 5 resolutions on CAAC now, building on each
    other
  • Key elements child soldiers girls DDR
    sexual violence monitoring and reporting
    Child Protection Advisors

5
UNICEF
6
SC RESOLUTION 1379 (NAME SHAME)
  • Comprehensive resolution on CAAC
  • Calls for naming those governments armed
    groups that have not halted recruitment or use of
    child soldiers (i.e. SGs list)
  • Requests progress reports on steps taken to
    halt recruitment or use of children in armed
    conflict

6
UNICEF
7
SC RESOLUTION 1460(FOCUS ON CHILD SOLDIERS)
  • Follow-up to Secretary Generals list on child
    soldiers
  • Immediate halt to recruiting or using children
    in armed conflict
  • Information on progress made
  • Dialogue with parties to conflict using child
    soldiers

UNICEF
7
8
SC RESOLUTION 1539 (FOCUS ON MONITORING AND
REPORTING)
  • Development of plans of action to stop the
    recruitment and use of child soldiers by parties
    on the list
  • Establishment at country level of focal points
    to dialogue with NSEs and develop action plans,
    within 3 months
  • Information to be used for possible imposition
    of sanctions/punitive measures

UNICEF
8
9
OTHER RELEVANT SC RESOLUTIONS
  • SCR 1265 (1999) and 1296 (2000) on protection
    of civilians
  • SCR 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security
  • SCR 1308 (2000) on HIV/AIDS
  • Country-specific resolutions integration of
    childrens and womens concerns

9
UNICEF
10
HOW DOES UNICEF INFLUENCE SECURITY COUNCIL
RESOLUTIONS?
  • Advocates for the SC to implement its own
    resolutions
  • Briefings on specific child protection issues
    or resolutions
  • Helps prepare tools/checklists to make the
    task easier
  • Provides child protection language for
    resolutions
  • Provides information on children to inform
    discussions of Council

10
UNICEF
11
UNICEF AND THE SECURITY COUNCIL A PARTNERSHIP
FOR CAAC
  • Space for UNICEF to engage with the peace
    operation
  • Monitoring and reporting obligations on child
    protection for UN missions
  • Child rights training of peacekeepers
  • Greater engagement with SRSG/CAAC, SRSGs,
    CPAs, etc.
  • Link programmatic issues to peace security
    agenda

UNICEF
11
12
KEY MESSAGES
  • Child protection now seen as part of the
    peace and security agenda
  • Five Security Council resolutions on children
    and armed conflict since 1999 but 1379, 1460 and
    1539 are key
  • UNICEFs role help ensure that children are
    an explicit priority in peacemaking, peacekeeping
    peacebuilding efforts

UNICEF
12
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