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Doctrine of the Bible: The Testimony of Archaeology

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Title: The Doctrine of the Bible 1 Author: Tom Last modified by: Tom Created Date: 9/8/2009 3:16:40 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Doctrine of the Bible: The Testimony of Archaeology


1
Doctrine of the Bible The Testimony of
Archaeology
  • December 13, 2009

2
THROUGHOUT THE DECADES
  • 1910s
  • 1920s
  • 1930s
  • 1940s
  • 1950s
  • 1960s
  • 1970s
  • 1980s
  • 1990s
  • 2000s

World War I, Titanic, Panama Canal Jazz age,
Ernest Hemingway, Black Tuesday Great Depression,
Scotch Tape, Volkswagon Beetle World War II,
Computers, Billy Graham Cold War, Elvis Presley,
Lucille Ball Space Race, Martin Luther King, Jr.,
Woodstock Elton John, Star Wars, The Price is
Right Michael Jackson, Macintosh, Mt. Saint
Helens Internet, Hubble Telescope, Michael
Jordan Wii, Google, September 11 attacks
3
ARCHAEOLOGY
  • Study of beginnings
  • The scientific field of study which attempts to
    reconstruct cultures and civilizations from the
    past by digging up and studying what they left
    behind in the earth.

4
BIBLICAL SIGNIFICANCE
  • It may be stated categorically that no
    archeological discovery has ever controverted a
    biblical reference. Scores of archeological finds
    have been made which confirm in clear outline or
    in exact detail historical statements in the
    Bible. - Nelson Glueck

5
BIBLICAL SIGNIFICANCE
  • In every period of Old Testament history, we
    find that there is good evidence from archaeology
    that the Scriptures speak the truthIn fact,
    while thousands of finds from the ancient world
    support in broad outline and often in detail the
    biblical picture, not one incontrovertible find
    has ever contradicted the Bible. - Norman
    Geisler

6
BIBLICAL SIGNIFICANCE
  • The events described in the NT intersect
    nonbiblical sources at many pointsThis does not
    mean that the faith claims of the NT are proven.
    What it does mean is that those faith claims are
    set within a historical context that can be
    repeatedly verified. Given that fact, it seems
    reasonable to assume that the NT writers would be
    equally trustworthy in other parts of their
    story.
  • - James Edwards

7
BIBLICAL SIGNIFICANCE
  • Archaeology is apologetics, not evangelism
  • Archaeology cannot form faith, but it can help
    inform faith.

8
PRESUPPOSITIONS
  • Archaeological finds are always a matter of
    interpretation
  • The accuracy of interpretation is based on the
    completeness of the facts

9
FRAGMENTARY EVIDENCE
  • Produced

10
FRAGMENTARY EVIDENCE
  • Produced
  • Survived
  • Surveyed
  • Excavated
  • Examined
  • Published
  • With few exceptions, western museums have
    still not caught up with the flow antiquities and
    their basements and storerooms are full of
    undiscovered treasures.
    - Erle Leichty

11
STRATIGRAPHY
12
STRATIGRAPHY
13
POTTERY TYPOLOGY
14
DATING MANUSCRIPTS
Internal Evidence
15
DATING MANUSCRIPTS
Paleography
16
DATING MANUSCRIPTS
Archaeology
17
DATING MANUSCRIPTS
Modern Science
18
FLOOD
19
BABEL
20
SODOM GOMORRAH
21
HITTITES
22
EBLA
23
JERICHO
  • It is a sad fact that of the town walls of the
    Late Bronze Age, within which period the attack
    by the Israelites must fall by any dating, not a
    trace remains....The excavation of Jericho,
    therefore, has thrown no light on the walls of
    Jericho of which the destruction is so vividly
    described in the Book of Joshua.
  • - Kathleen Kenyon

24
JERICHO
  • Josh 620 So the people shouted, and the
    trumpets were blown. As soon as the people heard
    the sound of the trumpet, the people shouted a
    great shout, and the wall fell down flat, so that
    the people went up into the city, every man
    straight before him, and they captured the city.
  • Josh 215 Then she let them down by a rope
    through the window, for her house was built into
    the city wall, so that she lived in the wall.

25
JERICHO
  • Josh 617 (cf. vv. 22-23) Only Rahab the
    prostitute and all who are with her in her house
    shall live, because she hid the messengers whom
    we sent.
  • Josh 222 They departed and went into the hills
    and remained there three days until the pursuers
    returned, and the pursuers searched all along the
    way and found nothing.

26
JERICHO
  • Josh 315b (now the Jordan overflows all its
    banks throughout the time of harvest)

27
KING SAUL
  • 1 Sam 3110 They put his armor in the temple of
    Ashtaroth, and they fastened his body to the wall
    of Beth-shan.
  • 1 Chron 1010 And they put his armor in the
    temple of their gods and fastened his head in the
    temple of Dagon.

28
TEL DAN STELA
29
GEZER
  • 1 Kgs 916-17 (Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone
    up and captured Gezer and burned it with fire,
    and had killed the Canaanites who lived in the
    city, and had given it as dowry to his daughter,
    Solomon's wife so Solomon rebuilt Gezer)

30
SENNACHERIB
31
SHALMANESER
32
BELSHAZZAR
  • Dan 516 Now if you can read the writing and
    make known to me its interpretation, you shall be
    clothed with purple and have a chain of gold
    around your neck and shall be the third ruler in
    the kingdom.

33
LUKE
  • Luke 11-4 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to
    compile a narrative of the things that have been
    accomplished among us, just as those who from the
    beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the
    word have delivered them to us, it seemed good to
    me also, having followed all things closely for
    some time past, to write an orderly account for
    you, most excellent Theophilus, that you may have
    certainty concerning the things you have been
    taught.
  • In all, Luke names thirty-two countries,
    fifty-four cities and nine islands without an
    error. - Norman Geisler

34
SIR WILLIAM RAMSAY
  • The Acts of the Apostles is now generally agreed
    in scholarly circles to be the work of Luke, to
    belong to the first century and to involve the
    labors of a careful historian who was
    substantially accurate in his use of sources.
  • Lukes history is unsurpassed in respect of its
    trustworthiness.

35
BIRTH OF CHRIST
  • Luke 21-3 In those days a decree went out from
    Caesar Augustus that all the world should be
    registered. This was the first registration when
    Quirinius was governor of Syria. And all went to
    be registered, each to his own town.
  • Because of the approaching census it is
    necessary that all those residing for any cause
    away from their homes should at once prepare to
    return to their own governments in order that
    they may complete the family registration of the
    enrollment and that the tilled lands may retain
    those belonging to them.

36
GOSPEL PURPOSE
  • Luke was a historian because he was first and
    foremost an Evangelist he knew that the faith
    which he wished to proclaim stands or falls with
    the history of Jesus and the early
    church. - I. Howard Marshall

37
LESSONS LEARNED
  • Greater confidence?
  • Greater love?

38
SCHEDULE
  • 09/27 Introduction
  • 10/04 How did we get our Bible?
  • 10/11 How do we know we have the true Bible?
    (Part 1)
  • 10/18 How do we know we have the true Bible?
    (Part 2)
  • 10/25 Why are there so many different
    translations?
  • 11/01 How do we know the Bible is true? (Part
    1)
  • 11/08 How do we know the Bible is true? (Part
    2)
  • 11/15 The testimony of Scripture to itself
    (Part 1)
  • 11/22 The testimony of Scripture to itself
    (Part 2)
  • 11/29 Thanksgiving
  • 12/06 The testimony of church history
  • 12/13 The testimony of archaeology
  • 12/20 The testimony of changed lives
  • 12/27 Christmas
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