Climate Change Vulnerability and Health: understanding local community vulnerability to aid adaptation planning ??????????:??????????????????? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Climate Change Vulnerability and Health: understanding local community vulnerability to aid adaptation planning ??????????:???????????????????

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Title: Climate Change Vulnerability and Health: understanding local community vulnerability to aid adaptation planning ??????????:???????????????????


1
Climate Change Vulnerability and Health
understanding local community vulnerability to
aid adaptation planning?????????????????????????
????
  • Professor Scott Baum Scott Baum ??
  • Principle Research Fellow ????????????
  • Urban Research Program

2
Outline of talk????
  • The importance of local approaches
  • ????????
  • Developing indicators of local community
    vulnerability
  • ?????????????
  • Spatial/ socio-economic indices and GIS
    approaches
  • ??/???????????????
  • Local community indicators and adaptation
    planning
  • ???????????

3
The importance of local approaches????????
When dealing with issues such as human health or
urban planning and management we must understand
adaptation issues from a local level
perspective ?????????,???????????,????????????????
???
Vulnerability continuum
4
The importance of local approaches????????
5
The importance of local approaches????????
When dealing with issues such as human health or
urban planning and management we must understand
adaptation issues from a local level
perspective ?????????,???????????,????????????????
???
Vulnerability continuum
This calls for a local or community level
approach to measuring vulnerability and
developing and understanding adaptation issues
???????????????????,??,?????????????.
6
Integrated assessment approach?????
Initial and ongoing stakeholder
engagement ???????????????
Regional/ aggregate vulnerability
assessment ??/??????
Multiple methods and approaches ???????
Local spatial vulnerability assessment ?????????
  • Locally focused stakeholder scenario workshops
  • Vulnerabilities
  • Risks
  • Opportunities???????????????????????

Adaptation plans and approaches ????????
7
Local spatial vulnerability assessment?????????
  • Hazards of place or place vulnerability approach
  • ????????????????
  • Interplay between bio-physical geography and
    social geography
  • ????????????????
  • Several alternative methods
  • ???????
  • Index development
  • ????
  • Using GIS to create data layers
  • ?????????????
  • Outcomes are the same ? indicators of
    vulnerability hot spots
  • ???????????????
  • Hot spot analysis used in several stages of the
    vulnerability assessment and development of
    adaptation issues
  • ????????????????????????

8
Local spatial vulnerability assessment?????????
Exposure ??
Sensitivity ???
Adaptive capacity ????
Potential impact ????
Vulnerability ???
9
Local spatial vulnerability assessment?????????
The responsiveness of a system to climate
hazards ???????????
Exposure ??
Sensitivity ???
The exposure of a system of interest to stimuli
that act on that system ??????????????????
Potential impact ????
Adaptive capacity ????
The ability of a system to change in a way that
makes it better able to cope with potential
impact ????????????????????
Vulnerability ???
10
Local spatial vulnerability assessment?????????
The responsiveness of a system to climate
hazards ???????????
Exposure ??
Sensitivity ???
The exposure of a system of interest to stimuli
that act on that system ??????????????????
Potential impact ????
Adaptive capacity ????
The ability of a system to change in a way that
makes it better able to cope with potential
impact ????????????????????
Vulnerability ???
11
Local spatial vulnerability assessment?????????
  • Need to operationalise measures with reference to
    wider information/stakeholders
  • ???????????,??operationalise???
  • Quite often stakeholders have important
    information that can be beneficial to the
    development of the indicators
  • ????,?????????????????????
  • Future versus current
  • ?????

12
Local spatial vulnerability assessment?????????
  • Data issues/availability are an important
    consideration
  • ?????????????
  • Exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity all
    need to be measured at the local level
  • ???, ??????????????????????
  • The diversity of data sources, formats, and
    spatial scales can require reconciliation to a
    common spatial reference before data can be
    integrated
  • ???????,????????????????????????,????????????

13
Index building approach??????
Small scale spatial Index accounting for degrees
of relative vulnerability ?????????????
14
Index building approach
Exposure a necessary but not sufficient condition
driving vulnerability ?????????????????
The sum of the social factors ??????
15
Map layers approach????
  • Uses Geographic Information Systems to build up
    layers of interest
  • ?????????????????

16
Map layers approach????
17
Local spatial vulnerability assessment?????????
18
Local community indicators and adaptation
planning????????????
  • Use local vulnerability maps to
  • ???????????
  • Drill down to areas of interest
  • ????????
  • Identify case study localities
  • ??????????
  • Develop broader at risk community profiles
  • ???????????
  • Develop local scenarios
  • ???????

19
Local community indicators and adaptation
planning????????????
  • The vulnerability map can also become another
    information layer
  • ??????????????????
  • On-line decision support systems
  • ????????
  • Part of the on-going disaster management risk
    assessment program and updated as needed
  • ?????????????????

20
Local community indicators and adaptation
planning????????????
  • Stakeholder workshops
  • ????
  • Designed to identify risks, vulnerabilities and
    opportunities
  • ????????????????
  • Indicators of local vulnerability assessment
    become an integral tool of adaptation planning
    workshops
  • ?????????????????????????

21
End of Talk? ?
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