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Events After World War I and their Impact on Georgia

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Events After World War I and their Impact on Georgia Day 3 Learning Targets I can analyze the important events that occurred after World War I and their impact on ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Events After World War I and their Impact on Georgia


1
Events After World War I and their Impact on
Georgia
Day 3
2
Learning Targets
  • I can analyze the important events that occurred
    after World War I and their impact on Georgia.
  • --I can describe the impact of the boll weevil
    and drought on Georgia.
  • --I can explain economic factors that resulted
    in the Great Depression.
  • --I can discuss the impact of the career of
    Eugene Talmadge.
  • --I can discuss the effect of the New Deal in
    terms of the impact of the Civilian Conservation
    Corps, Agricultural Adjustment Act, rural
    electrification, and Social Security.

3
The New Deal
  • When Roosevelt accepted
  • his partys nomination, he told the audience,
  • I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for
    the American people.

4
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Polio
  • Legs were paralyzed and wore steel braces.
  • Most people did not know about his paralysis.
  • His optimism won the peoples confidence.
  • Believed that Roosevelt would try new ways to end
    the depression.

5
New Deal Objective
  • 1 Objective
  • Economic Recovery

6
Banks
  • FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)
  • If you put your money into the bank and the bank
    for any reason went broke, the government would
    pay you back.
  • This helped citizens regain faith in Americas
    banking system.

7
Recovery Programs (Farmers and Manufacturers)
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) Farm Security Administration (FSA) National Recovery Administration (NRA)
--Pay farmers to produce less cotton, corn, wheat, rice, and milk and to raise fewer hogs. --Bought products from the farmers and gave them to the poor. --Provided loans to more than a million sharecroppers to buy land, tools, and animals. --Encouraged farmers to try new crops, taught them how to conserve their soil, and gave them training on how to better manage their farms. --Made businesses abide by strict codes of conduct. --Outlawed false advertising and made companies charge the same prices for a product to everyone. --Set minimum wage laws --Set maximum working hours for each employee --Child labor no longer permitted.
8
Relief Programs (Unemployed)
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Public Works Administration (PWA) Works Progress Administration (WPA)
--Put young men to work in rural and forest areas, planting trees and terracing fields to prevent soil erosion. --Also worked on dams, roads, and forest fire prevention and mosquito control projects. --Put about half-million men to work on public construction projects (school buildings, community auditoriums, hospitals, dams, roads and bridges, airports for the military, and ships for the navy). --biggest and most controversial work relief program. --cleared slums --built power plants --provided free plays and concerts
9
Reform Programs (Changed the Way Americans
Worked)
Security Exchange Commission (SEC) National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) Rural Electrification Administration (REA) Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Social Security Act
--Oversee the buying and selling of stocks --protect investors and corporations --set rules against the wild speculation and shady dealings that had led to the 1929 crash --Protected workers who wanted to organize unions. --Employees guaranteed the right to choose representatives to bargain collectively with employers over wages and working conditions. --Provided electrical power to rural areas. --Built dams and operated power plants to provide low-cost electricity to people in seven states. --bought power to millions of farm families through cooperatives. --Provided government pensions (retirement pay) to older citizens. --Provided federal money to state governments for helping people who were unemployed.
10
Georgias New Deal Governors
Richard Russell, Jr.
Eurith Rivers
Eugene Talmadge
Ellis Arnall
11
Richard Russell, Jr.
  • Tried to run the state like a successful
    business.
  • Served the US Senate for 38 years after leaving
    his position as governor.

12
Eugene Talmadge
  • One of the most famous politicians in Georgia.
  • His good looks and support for the farmer made
    him popular to many Georgians.
  • Elected as Governor 4 terms.
  • County Unit System
  • Talmadge knew that
  • this system of voting
  • gave the small rural
  • farmers as much say
  • in the state legislature
  • as the more populated
  • areas.

13
Talmadge Against FDRs New Deal
  • He did not like big government having programs
    that controlled peoples lives.
  • He especially disliked relief efforts, public
    welfare, and federal assistance programs.
  • He opposed minimum wage requirements.
  • When the General Assembly passed laws to enable
    Georgia to participate in other New Deal
    programs, the governor vetoed them.
  • When Talmadge refused to follow federal New Deal
    regulations, the federal government took over New
    Deal programs in Georgia.
  • After two consecutive terms, Talmadge ran for US
    Senate against Richard Russell and was defeated.

14
Eurith Rivers
  • Supported New Deal.
  • Health services for all Georgians
  • Old age pensions
  • Teacher pay raises
  • 7 month school year
  • Homestead exemptions for taxes
  • Expansion of the states highway system

15
Talmadge Re-Elected
  • Softened his anti-Roosevelt stand
  • Modified version of New Deal
  • States economy grew
  • Talk of Integration at University of Georgia
    Georgia Southern University
  • Talmadge had them fired
  • Offended the Southern
  • Association of Colleges
  • and Schools and they
  • voted to take away the
  • accreditation of white
  • Georgia colleges.

16
Ellis Arnall
  • Georgians were upset the Southern Association of
    Colleges and Schools and with Governor Talmadge.
  • Elected Arnall
  • Immediately took steps to correct the problems
    with the university accreditation
  • Led Georgia to become the 1st state in the nation
    to grant 18 year olds the right to vote.
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