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Livestock Terms and Breeds

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Title: Livestock Terms and Breeds


1
Livestock Terms and Breeds
2
Beef Facts
  • 9 month Gestation
  • Castration, branding, vaccinations
  • Range operations, common in NV
  • Public land operations
  • Cow calf, yearling, stockyards/feeder
  • Ruminant multi chambered stomach
  • Chew their cud
  • Feed must have roughages and concentrates

3
Beef
4
Beef
5
Angus
  • Originated in Scotland
  • Black
  • Naturally Polled
  • High Quality Carcass
  • Early Maturity
  • Good Maternally
  • Certified Angus Beef

6
Hereford
  • Originated in Hereford, England
  • Polled or horned
  • Good temperament
  • Red, White face, legs, underline
  • Early Maturing
  • Low milk production

7
Shorthorn
  • Originated in England
  • Red, White, Roan
  • Polled/Horned
  • Dual purpose breed Good milk and meat production

8
Charolais
  • Originated in France
  • White
  • Long bodied, large cattle
  • Heavy muscling
  • Fast growth
  • Horned/Polled
  • Course looking

9
Simmental
  • Originated in Switzerland
  • Oldest breed of cattle in the world
  • Large, powerful
  • Red, White, Yellow, Black, Brown
  • Polled/Horned

10
Gelbvieh
  • Originated in Germany
  • Golden, Brown
  • Superior mothering and milking ability
  • Work Oxen 4-5 year old Steers used for work
  • Tend to be fleshy under the brisket

11
Brahman
  • Originated in India
  • Able to survive on very poor, little feed
  • Heat, insect Tolerant
  • Excess skin and large hump
  • White/grey in color

12
Brangus
  • Black
  • Polled
  • 3/8 Brahman
  • 5/8 Angus
  • Popular in arid regions (Texas, U.S. southwest)

13
USDA Grading System
  • Marbling- Amount of intramuscular fat
  • Maturity- How old that animal was at harvest
  • Grades
  • - Prime
  • -Choice
  • -Select
  • - Standard
  • - Commercial
  • - Utility

14
(No Transcript)
15
Selection Methods
  • Visual Appraisal What do they look like in
    general, first impression
  • Body Structure Important anatomical
    characteristics
  • Soundness of feet and legs abnormalities of the
    feet or legs that may cause problems
  • Muscling and Muscle Structure
  • Frame or Structure Size Do they have large
    bones, how tall, length of body

16
Selection Methods Continued
  • Breed Character What is that breed like in
    general?
  • Temperament- How is their behavior or disposition
  • Genetics- What are the ancestors like, bloodlines
  • Reproductive Performance Has it produced?

17
Soundness of Legs and Hooves
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