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Rome: The Beginning

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Title: Rome: The Beginning


1
Rome The Beginning
2
Background Alexanders Crumbling Empire
  • By 150 C.E. the Hellenistic world in decline
  • Rome growing and gaining strength
  • Rome profoundly impacted by these cultural
    influences

3
A Roman Tradition Romulus and Remus
  • As you listen to the Legend of Romulus and Remus,
    list TWO facts from the story and TWO fictional
    pieces of information.
  • Why do you think the myth of the twins was so
    appealing to believe?

4
The Geography of an Empire
  • With a partner, list THREE reasons why Rome is in
    a strategic location

5
Livy The Early History of Rome
  • As you read, consider Why was Romes geography
    so important?
  • Not without reason did gods and men choose this
    spot for the site of our city the hills, the
    river to bring us produce from the inland regions
    and sea-borne commerce from abroad, the sea
    itself, near enough for convenience yet not so
    near as to bring danger from foreign fleets, our
    situation in the very heart of Italy all these
    advantages make it of all places in the world the
    best for a city destined to grow great. (29
    B.C.E)

6
The Roman Republic Goals
  • To explain the main institutions of the Roman
    Republic
  • To describe how the Punic Wars helped increase
    Romes power

Hannibal
7
The First Romans
  • Etruscan King of Rome (600 B.C.E)
  • Accomplishments
  • Turns villages into a city
  • 1st temples public centers
  • Forum Heart of Roman political life
  • Forum A medium of open discussion. A public
    assembly involving an audience or panel
    discussion

8
The Roman Republic
  • 2 Consuls
  • (Rulers of Rome)
  • Senate
  • (Representative body for patricians)
  • Tribune
  • (Representative body for plebeians)

9
The Twelve Tables
  • Why is a written code of law important to this or
    any civilization?
  • The Twelve Tablets 451 B.C.E.
  • Hung in the Roman Forum
  • Form the basis for Roman law
  • The tablets outline political and social rights
    for the plebeians
  • They establish the idea that all free citizens
    had a right to the protection of the law

10
(No Transcript)
11
Expansion The Mediterranean
  • Romans recognize key to expansion is control of
    the Mediterranean Sea
  • To gain this control, the Romans must defeat the
    Carthaginians and take Sicily

12
Round 2 Hannibal Invades Rome
  • Hannibal Carthaginian General - brilliant
    military strategist who devises a surprise attack
    on Rome
  • Roman General, Scipio, attacks and forces
    Hannibal back to Carthage
  • Victory gives Romans control of the Mediterranean
    Sea

13
The Punic Wars
  • Expansion through Conquest
  • 4th Century Romans dominated central Italy
  • Eventually defeat Etruscans and Greeks
  • By 265 B.C. Romans masters of all Italy and want
    to expand rule
  • Neighboring Latins became full citizens, other
    conquered people enjoyed citizenship but not the
    vote, and others became allies of Rome
  • Expansion through Trade
  • Good access to the Mediterranean
  • Traded Roman wine and olive oil for food, raw
    materials, and manufactured goods
  • Often interfered by other powerful cities such as
    Carthage

14
Causes/Events Leading to Key Events Figures Results/Significance
1st Punic War (264 - 241 B.C.) -Desire to control Sicily and the western Mediterranean -Ended with the defeat of Carthage
2nd Punic War (218 202 B.C.) -Hannibal wanted to avenge Carthages earlier defeat -Assembled huge army with elephants and cavalry to go through Spain across France and the Alps -216 B.C. Battle of Cannae was biggest victory for Hannibal -Romans stopped Hannibal from entering Rome -Roman general Scipio attacked Carthage forcing Hannibal to return home -In 202 B.C. Hannibal defeated by Romans near Zama. -Ended with the defeat of Carthage
3rd Punic War (149 146 B.C.) -Rome laid siege to Carthage In 146 B.C. the city was set on fire and its inhabitants sold into slavery -Territory made a Roman province -Gave Rome dominance over the Western Mediterranean
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