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The Roman Empire

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The Roman Empire Romulus and Remus The Seven Hills of Rome Early Roman History Rome began about 800 BCE and they were ruled by a Monarchy Due to corruption of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Roman Empire


1
The Roman Empire
2
Romulus and Remus
3
(No Transcript)
4
The Seven Hills of Rome
5
Early Roman History
  • Rome began about 800 BCE and they were ruled by a
    Monarchy
  • Due to corruption of the king, the people
    overthrew their monarchy and set up a
  • REPUBLIC in 509 BCE
  • In a republic, people choose representatives to
    vote in government for them

6
Cincinnatus, 520-430 BCE
7
Public Service is a duty
  • He became a Roman Consul
  • The legend of Cincinnatus is that he was a good
    and trustworthy person
  • His country needed him and he left his chosen
    profession to serve his country

8
  • There are two classes of people in Rome
  • Patricians who are wealthy land owning nobles or
    aristocrats
  • Patricians sit in the Senate and make all the
    laws
  • There are three hundred Senators
  • They hold their positions for life and the
    position is usually inherited
  • The Senate also elects two Consuls each year

9
Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears (I
lost mine)
10
  • Consuls led the army in war, appointed government
    officials and acted as administrators
  • In times of crisis, the Senate would elect a
    dictator for usually six months
  • The plebeians were the rest of the population
  • They could be anyone from a slave to a wealthy
    merchant

11
  • Plebeians composed the assembly.
  • They could sit in the assembly and listen to the
    Senate debate laws
  • But they had no power over them. They could not
    vote
  • But they could speak out at the debates
  • As time evolved, Plebeians won more rights

12
The Twelve Tables, 448 BCE
13
  • The Twelve Tables is the first Roman
    Constitution, or laws codified
  • They were posted in the Roman Forum for all to
    see
  • It established the concept that citizens had
    rights
  • Roman Tribune This is a new position in
    government.
  • Tribunes advocated for the Plebeians and could
    veto (forbid) laws to be passed

14
The Punic Wars
15
  • This sea is not big enough for both of us!!
  • First Punic War, 264-241 BCE
  • This war began over trade and control of the
    Island of Sicily
  • Rome won the war and seized Sicily, Sardinia and
    Corsica

16
SECOND PUNIC WAR, 218 -202 BCE
17
Oh, please what was this guy thinking??
18
  • Hannibal vowed to avenge the loss of the First
    Punic war
  • He left from Spain with hundreds of elephants to
    attack Rome from the north
  • He needs therapy, lots of therapy
  • Oh, he won every battle during the war except the
    last battle and then lost the war
  • Hannibal is often considered one of the greatest
    generals ever

19
THIRD PUNIC WAR, 149 to 146 BCE
  • What the Roman Motto for this war??
  • Carthage must be destroyed!!!
  • And it was!!
  • With the Destruction of Carthage, Rome had no
    competitor
  • Rome would now expand without interruption for
    the next 400 years

20
The end of Carthage
21
The Gracchi Brothers
  • Tiberius Gracchus was a Roman Tribune and wanted
    to help the poor of Rome
  • In 133 BCE, he introduced a law seeking land
    reform
  • Rome had expanded over the centuries, but the
    poor did not get the land
  • His law would restrict land ownership at 300
    acres of land
  • People who owned more than 300 acres had to give
    up their land to the poor

22
  • He also wanted to resettle many of the Roman poor
    on land taken in war
  • Tiberius was killed in a bloody riot in Rome
    after he introduced his law
  • His brother, Gaius Gracchus, went even further
    with his reforms
  • He introduced laws that would expand voting
    rights to all males on the Italian peninsula

23
  • He wanted Rome to create new infrastructure jobs
    and give then to the poor
  • He wanted the government to sell grain to the
    poor at reduced prices
  • He also wanted land taken in war to be shared
    with the poor and he wanted land reform in
    general
  • What happened, you wonder?
  • They killed him too.
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