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Shakespeare: His Life and Times

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... Shakespeare s plays Family and Theatre Elizabethan Theatrical Conventions The Rebuilt Globe Theater, London The Globe Theater The Stage In Shakespeare s Time ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Shakespeare: His Life and Times


1
Shakespeare His Life and Times
2
Early Life
  • Born 1564
  • Died 1616
  • Stratford-upon-Avon,
  • England

3
Stratford-on-Avon in Shakespeares Time
As reproduced in William Rolfe, Shakespeare the
Boy (1896).
4
Shakespeares Birthplace
5
Family and Theatre
  • Married to Anne Hathaway
  • Had twins - Hamnet Judith, and daughter
    Susanna
  • Sometime between 1583-1592, he moved to London
    and began working in theatre.
  • Member and later part-owner of the Lord
    Chamberlains Men, later called the Kings Men
  • Globe Theater built in 1599
  • Burned down in 1613 during one of Shakespeares
    plays

6
Elizabethan Theatrical Conventions
7
The Rebuilt Globe Theater, London
8
The Globe Theater
9
The Stage In Shakespeares Time
  • Shakespeare created at least 38 plays, made up of
    tragedies, histories, comedies, and
    tragicomedies.
  • A show lasted about 2 ½ hours, usually in open
    air theatres during the afternoon.
  • There was no scenery, but elaborate props and
    costumes to give reality.
  • Devices such as trap doors and scaffolds were
    used to make gods, witches, etc. disappear.

10
The Stage In Shakespeares Time (continued)
  • There were no actresses. All parts were played by
    men or boys.
  • In front of stage was a big open area where the
    "penny-public" stood to watch as they could not
    afford seats. The wealthy had seats on upper
    levels.

11
Tragedy and the Tragic Hero
  • Shakespeares tragedies are often called his
    greatest plays.
  • Every tragedy contains a tragic hero
  • Tragic hero a main character who goes through a
    series of events that lead to his/her downfall

12
Qualities of a Tragic Hero
  • Possesses importance or a high rank
  • Exhibits extraordinary talents
  • Displays a tragic flawan error in judgment or
    defect in characterthat leads to downfall
  • There are attempts to mislead him
  • Faces downfall with courage and dignity

13
Soliloquy and Aside
  • Shakespeare uses soliloquies and asides even
    though these are not things that are used in real
    life.
  • Soliloquy a long speech given by a character
    while alone on stage to reveal his or her private
    thoughts or intentions. (monologue)
  • Aside a characters quiet remark to the audience
    or another character that no one else on stage is
    supposed to hear. A stage direction (often in
    brackets) indicates an aside

14
  • WERE DOING NOTES AGAIN OPEN YOUR NOTEBOOKS.

15
Aside Example
  • Trebonius Caesar, I will. Aside And so near
    will I be
  • That your best friends shall wish I had been
    further.
  • The audience is meant to hear the aside, but not
    Caesar.
  • What does the aside suggest?

16
Dramatic Irony
  • Irony the contrast between appearance and
    reality
  • Dramatic Irony when the reader or audience knows
    something that one or more of the characters do
    not know.
  • Ex In Romeo and Juliet when we know Juliet is
    married to Romeo, but her parents do not.

17
Verbal Irony
  • Verbal irony when you say one thing and mean
    another (sarcasm is a type of verbal irony)
  • Ex When Ms. Hintz says shes happy to see your
    enthusiasm when you are sleeping in class.

18
Situational Irony
  • Situational irony When the opposite of what you
    expect happens
  • Ex. A fire station catches on fire

19
Elizabethan England The Renaissance
20
The Time and What It Stood For
  • This period is associated with Queen Elizabeth
    Is reign (1558-1603).
  • England during this period had a centralized,
    well-organized, and effective government. They
    were also greatly profiting from trade with the
    colonies.
  • This age also known as the English Renaissance
    is considered the GOLDEN AGE in English history
  • ----- literature, poetry, and theatre all broke
    away from the past and expanded in new creative
    directions.

21
Random interesting things..
  • Catholics and English Protestants were fiercely
    opposed to each other in England at this time.
    Catholics made many terrorist attempts to
    assassinate Queen Elizabeth so the Pope could
    regain control in England. Spain went to war
    with England over this too.
  • Women were relatively unrestrained, torture and
    persecution were at an all-time low, the borders
    were open to travelers from other countries.
  • Travel and exploration were important and most
    new inventions were related to travel of some
    sort.

22
The True History of Macbeth
23
Sources for Macbeth
  • Holinsheds Chronicles a fantastical account of
    Scotlands history
  • Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603, and her Scottish
    cousin James I took the throne. Shakespeare
    wanted James to continue funding his plays, so he
    did his best to please King James in how he
    conveyed the story of Macbeth. (Borrowing from
    Jamess book Demonology and making King
    DuncanJamess ancestor- look like a great ruler.)

24
King Duncan I - The Sick
  • Took the throne in 1033A.D.
  • He was young, but sickly and not the most
    popular ruler.
  • Close with Macbeth since a young age. cousins
  • In 1039, Duncan was horribly defeated when he
    went south to Durham to claim land.
  • Macbeth murdered Duncan within a year of the
    defeat.

25
Macbeth - The Red King
  • Macbeth became the unrefuted king thanks to his
    title and his wife (the Gruochs were of royal
    lineage).
  • Duncans family went into hiding in Atholl,
    located at the center of Scotland.
  • Malcolms supporters including Siward - and
    Englands Edward the Confessor made many attempts
    to dethrone Macbeth. King Macbeth even met his
    opposing armies on the battlefield, and showed
    great valor.

26
The Good of Macbeth
  • Actually was not considered all that horrendous
    in respect to the time he ruled. He also was
    known as a fair king by many.
  • He was the first Scottish king who was a
    benefactor of the church. He even gave away
    money as if it were seed to the poor of Rome.
  • alas in 1057, Malcolm III, son of Duncan I,
    overtook Macbeth finally. Macbeth was killed by
    Macduff and Malcolm III took the throne of
    Scotland.
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