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Types of Poetry and Examples


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Title: Types of Poetry and Examples

Types of Poetry and Examples
Allegorical Poetry
  • is a figurative mode of representation conveying
    a meaning other than the literal. Allegory
    teaches a lesson through symbolism.

  • The Faerie Queene by Edmund Spenser
  • Lo I the man, whose Muse whilome did maske, As
    time her taught, in lowly Shepheards weeds, Am
    now enforst a far vnfitter taske, For trumpets
    sterne to chaunge mine Oaten reeds, And sing of
    Knights and Ladies gentle deeds Whose prayses
    hauing slept in silence long, Me, all too meane,
    the sacred Muse areeds To blazon broad emongst
    her learned throng Fierce warres and faithfull
    loues shall moralize my song.

Lyrical Poetry
  • Lyric Poetry consists of a poem, such as a sonnet
    or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and
    feelings of the poet. The term lyric is now
    commonly referred to as the words to a song.

  • " I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" by William
  • I WANDERED lonely as a cloud That floats on high
    o'er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a
    crowd, A host, of golden daffodils Beside the
    lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing
    in the breeze.

Narrative Poetry
  • poetry that has a plot. The poems may be short or
    long, and the story it relates to may be simple
    or complex. It is usually nondramatic, with
    objective regular scheme and meter.
  • Ex The Raven - Poe

  • a form of Japanese poetry, consisting of 17 moras
    in three metrical phrases of 5, 7, and 5 moras

  • As the wind does blow
  • Across the trees, I see the
  • Buds blooming in May

  • An ode typically is a lyrical verse written in
    praise of or dedicated to someone or something
    which captures the poet's interest or serves as
    an inspiration

  • Ode To A Nightingale by John Keats
  • My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains My
    sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk, Or
    emptied some dull opiate to the drains One minute
    past, and Lethe-wards had sunk

Terza Rima
  • is a rhyming verse stanza form that consists of
    an interlocking three line rhyme scheme. It was
    first used by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri.
  • Terza rima is a three-line stanza using chain
    rhyme in the pattern A-B-A, B-C-B, C-D-C, D-E-D

  • Midway on our life's journey, I found myself     
                    In dark woods, the right road
    lost. To tell About those woods is hard--so
    tangled and rough And savage that thinking of it
    now, I feel The old fear stirring death is
    hardly more bitter.            And yet, to treat
    the good I found there as well I'll tell what I
    saw, thought how I came to enter I cannot well
    say, being so full of sleep Whatever moment it
    was I began to blunder Off the true path....   

Epic Poetry
  • is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily
    concerning a serious subject containing details
    of heroic deeds and events significant to a
    culture or nation
  • Ex Homers Odyssey

  • Ballad Poems are poems that tells a story similar
    to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated
    refrain. A ballad is often about love and often
    sung. A ballad is a story in poetic form.

  • S. T. Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner
  • It is an ancient Mariner, And he stoppeth one of
    three. "By thy long gray beard and glittering
    eye, Now wherefore stopp'st thou me?"

  • Limericks are short sometimes bawdy, humorous
    poems of consisting of five Anapaestic lines.
    Lines 1, 2, and 5 of a Limerick have seven to ten
    syllables and rhyme with one another. Lines 3 and
    4 have five to seven syllables and also rhyme
    with each other. Edward Lear is famous for his
    Book of Nonsense which included the poetry form
    of Limericks.

  • The Owl and the Pussy-Cat -Edward Lear
  • The Owl and the Pussy-cat went to sea     In a
    beautiful pea green boat, They took some honey,
    and plenty of money,     Wrapped up in a five
    pound note. The Owl looked up to the stars
    above,     And sang to a small guitar, 'O lovely
    Pussy! O Pussy my love,       What a beautiful
    Pussy you are,           You are,           You
    are! What a beautiful Pussy you are!'

  • English (or Shakespearean) sonnets are lyric
    poems that are 14 lines long falling into three
    coordinate quatrains and a concluding couplet.
    Italian (or Petrarchan) sonnets are divided into
    two quatrains and a six-line sestet.

  • (Italian/Petrarchan)
  • "London, 1802" Wordsworth
  • Milton! thou shouldst be living at this hour
  • England hath need of thee she is a fen
  • Of stagnant waters altar, sword, and pen,
  • Fireside, the heroic wealth of hall and bower,
  • Have forfeited their ancient English dower
  • Of inward happiness. We are selfish men
  • Oh! raise us up, return to us again
  • And give us manners, virtue, freedom, power.
  • Thy soul was like a Star, and dwelt apart
  • Thou hadst a voice whose sound was like the sea
  • Pure as the naked heavens, majestic, free,
  • So didst thou travel on life's common way,
  • In cheerful godliness and yet thy heart
  • The lowliest duties on herself did lay.
  • English/Shakesperean)
  • "Sonnet XXIX" - Shakespear
  • When in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes,
  • I all alone beweep my outcast state,
  • And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
  • And look upon myself and curse my fate,
  • Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
  • Featured like him, like him with friends
  • Desiring this man's art and that man's scope,
  • With what I most enjoy contented least,
  • Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,
  • Haply I think on thee, and then my state,
  • (Like to the lark at break of day arising
  • From sullen earth) sings hymns at heaven's gate,
  • For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings,
  • That then I scorn to change my state with kings.

Carpe Diem
  • Carpe diem is a Latin expression that means
    "seize the day." Carpe diem poems have the theme
    of living for today.

  • Gather ye rose-buds by Robert Herrick
  • Gather ye rose-buds while ye may, Old Time is
    still a-flying And this same flower that smiles
    to-day, To-morrow will be dying.

Blank Verse
  • Excerpt from Macbeth by William Shakespeare
  • Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, Creeps in
    this petty pace from day to day, To the last
    syllable of recorded time And all our
    yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty
    death. Out, out, brief candle! Life's but a
    walking shadow, a poor player That struts and
    frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard
    no more it is a tale Told by an idiot, full of
    sound and fury, Signifying nothing.

Free Verse
  • Free Verse is a form of Poetry composed of either
    rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed
    metrical pattern.

  • Song of Myself by Walt Whitman
  • I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I
    assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging
    to me as good belongs to you. I loaf and invite
    my soul, I lean and loaf at my ease observing a
    spear of summer grass.
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