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Trans-Oceanic Empire Building: European Empire Building After 1750

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Title: Imperialism Author: u Last modified by: Microsoft account Created Date: 2/12/2008 8:46:11 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Trans-Oceanic Empire Building: European Empire Building After 1750


1
Trans-Oceanic Empire Building European Empire
Building After 1750
2
Industrialization Power!
  • Goods are made more quickly
  • Militaries are made more powerful
  • Fossil fuels unleash a huge amount of productive
    capacity
  • Countries empires that didnt industrialize
    found themselves weak and shocked by the huge
    shift in power

3
Causes
  • Industrialization in Europe drove increasing
    demand for raw materials
  • Europe began importing more raw materials and
    exporting more manufactured goods
  • Europe eventually tried to gain colonies to
    extract other global areas raw materials
  • They moved from having little trading port
    colonies to conquering full-fledged empires

4
Reactions
  • Some nations began to industrialize on their own
    (USA, Russia, Germany, Japan) - - their
    governments helped support this effort
    (industrialization was state-sponsored)
  • Some countries were too slow to industrialize and
    got taken over by Europe.
  • Europes industrial revolution had made them so
    powerful, they could easily beat militaries that,
    100 years before, could have taken them on and
    won ( )

5
Why Important?
  • Nations like Britain and the Dutch moved from
    controlling small coastal trading cities (British
    in India, Dutch in Indonesia) and now took full
    political control of these areas

6
British Imperialism in India
  • India From trading colony to Jewel in the
    British Empires Crown

7
Decline of Mughal India after 1750
  • Decentralized states controlled by Nawabs ruled
  • Technically, these nawabs owed allegiance to
    Mughals
  • British East India Company made agreements with
    nawabs. Brits supported nawabs rule got trade
    and land taxes in return

8
Stage One East India Company Rule (1818-1857)
  • EIC a joint-stock company focused on looking
    for trade protected by the British government
  • EIC collected taxes, made reforms (eg outlawing
    sati)
  • Depended on nawabs Sepoys for support had to
    respect Indian customs
  • Sepoy an Indian (Hindu or Muslim) recruited
    serving as an EIC soldier

9
Sepoy Rebellion 1857
  • Beef pork fat issue
  • Real issue was racism/British superiority complex
  • Sepoy soldiers rebelled against bad treatment by
    British foreigners
  • Rebellion was put down very violently on both
    sides

10
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11
British Colonial Rule (1857-1947)
  • British government took control (to keep cotton
    opium raw materials)
  • Queen Victoria of Britain became Empress of India
  • India main source of cotton for English textile
    mills
  • Finished goods were resold in India
  • Destroyed local hand-made industries

12
The Good the Bad WRITE 3 GOOD 3 BAD
  • Britain made worse-
  • Self-determination
  • Ignored Habits/customs
  • Racism
  • Economic exploitation
  • Britain improved-
  • Hospitals
  • Transportation (railroads, etc.)
  • Communication
  • Education
  • Laws safety
  • Womens status a bit

13
Rising Nationalism
  • Nationalism feeling of identity within a common
    group of people (the nation)
  • British used Indirect Rule
  • Middle class of Indian officials began to rise
  • New Indian bureaucracy took in western political
    values from the Enlightenment (liberty, equality,
    justice)
  • Rammouhan Roy advocated unity for Indians w/
    Indian National Congress (from 1880s) (mainly
    Hindu upper class movement)
  • Lacked support of the average, uneducated Indians

14
(No Transcript)
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