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The History of Civilization

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The History of Civilization WELCOME! ANY HELP My office hours: Wednesday 9-12 Friday 9-12 Barbarians Civilized Lives in village OR nomadic Illiterate Lives in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The History of Civilization


1
The History of Civilization
  • WELCOME!

2
Important INFORMATION
  • Attendance is essential!
  • There will be two exams a mid-term and a final
    worth 50 each
  • Class will be mostly in a lecture format although
    student participation is encouraged
  • ASK questions
  • You reading material is available from the copy
    room. Read p 17 - 36 on Egypt for next weeks
    class. The readings are essential!!!

3
ANY HELP
  • My office hours
  • Wednesday 9-12
  • Friday 9-12

4
Why do we study History in IR?
  • The purpose of this course is to develop an
    understanding of history so we can understand the
    world today
  • Human civilization as we know it stretches back
    5000 years and has provided the foundation for
    the world we live in today.

5
The building blocks of Civilization
  • Pre-history
  • Humanoid (humanlike) life has existed on earth
    for 3-4 million years
  • Humans and their immediate ancestors appeared
    100,000-200,000 years ago

What continent is home to the people considered
to be the earths oldest surviving ethnic group?
AUSTRALIA
6
Neolithic Revolution
  • Around 10,000 years ago human societies became
    more advanced and civilizations started to
    evolve.
  • Domesticate plants and animals
  • Practiced agriculture
  • Record keeping
  • Made metal tools (not stone)
  • Complex forms of political and social
    organization
  • Sophisticated modes of economic exchange

7
The Earliest Civilized societies
  • Appearing between 4000 and 5000 years ago
  • The Sumerian Babylonian civilization of
    Mesopotamia
  • Egypt
  • The Indus Valley
  • Early China
  • What important feature did they have in common?

8
RIVERS- VITAL to early CIV
  • Water transport easier and cheaper
  • Food!
  • Irrigation
  • Drinkable water
  • The Nile
  • The Tigris and Euphrates
  • The Indus and Ganges
  • The Huang Ho (yellow river)

9
Ancient River Valley CIVS
10
What causes civilization evolve?
  • Geography
  • Environment
  • Cooperation
  • Danger
  • Surplus food
  • Water
  • There are many factors that cause civilizaitons
    to rise up

11
Best environment for CIVILIZATION
  • One or more of the following
  • No EXTREMES
  • arable, fertile land
  • Preferably flat
  • Reliable source of water
  • Topography easy movement
  • Sea or a river

12
Humanity and the environment
  • Humans and their environment mutually influence
    each other geography is not the ONLY factor
    that shapes a society. But it does play a crucial
    role.
  • Human beings have created societies in all but he
    most inhospitable places.

13
Key Terms
  • CIVILIZATION social organization of a higher
    order marked by advancements in the arts and
    sciences
  • A Civilization must have art, science,
    writing, organization, cooperation, trade,
    government

14
The Fertile Crescent
15
What distinguishes a Civilized society from a
Barbaric or Primitive society?
16
Barbarians Civilized
  • Lives in village OR nomadic
  • Illiterate
  • Lives in cities
  • Literate

BUT- usually the difference is we are civilized
they are Barbarians. The Ancient Greeks
believed anyone who was not Greek was a
Barbarian!
17
Key Terms
  • State
  • Nation
  • An organised society occupying a definite
    territory and possessing an authoritative
    government independent of external control. The
    essence of a state is sovereignty or the power
    to make or administer laws and to puniish people
    for breaking those laws (social order)
  • Ethnic concept used to designate people bound
    together by language, customs, common memories,
    common destiny.

18
Key Terms
  • Theocracy
  • Democracy
  • Autocracy
  • Hegemony
  • A theocracy is a state where a god or deity is
    recognised as the supreme leader or the leader is
    seen as divine
  • A government chosen by the people, the rule of
    the majority
  • A government where one person possesses unlimited
    power
  • Superior influence or power over others-
    domination
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