The%20Crusades:%20Military%20expeditions%20from%20Christian%20Europe%20to%20Palestine%20between%20the%2011th%20and%2013th%20centuries. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The%20Crusades:%20Military%20expeditions%20from%20Christian%20Europe%20to%20Palestine%20between%20the%2011th%20and%2013th%20centuries.

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Military expeditions from Christian Europe to Palestine between the 11th and 13th ... Richard the Lion-Hearted End of the Crusades There were more crusades By ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20Crusades:%20Military%20expeditions%20from%20Christian%20Europe%20to%20Palestine%20between%20the%2011th%20and%2013th%20centuries.


1
The Crusades Military expeditions from
Christian Europe to Palestine between the 11th
and 13th centuries.
  • 7th Grade World History

2
First Crusade
3
Reasons for the Crusades(Reasons to go to war)
4
(1) The Pope calls for Christians to reclaim the
Holy Land
  • The Holy Land is the city of Jerusalem and the
    area around it, also called Palestine
  • It is sacred to Christians, Jews, and Muslims,
    who ALL make pilgrimages there
  • The Seljuk Turks (Muslims) had captured Palestine
    making Christian pilgrimages to the Holy Land
    impossible.
  • The Turks started to attack the Christian cities
    of the Byzantine Empire and the Byzantine Emperor
    asked the Pope for help.

5
The Holy Land
6
Other reasons for the Crusades
  • (2) Success in warfare is a way for European
    feudal nobles (princes) to gain power
  • (3) Merchants wanted to gain access to rich trade
    routes to the east
  • (4) Peasants wanted a chance for adventure,
    treasures, and win favor with God.

7
The First Crusade
8
The First Crusade
  • 1096 1099, the war lasted 4 years
  • In 1099, the Christian forces finally captured
    the city of Jerusalem
  • They divided the conquered land into 4 Crusader
    states Edessa, Antioch, Tripoli, and Jerusalem

9
(No Transcript)
10
The Second Crusade
  • 1147 1149, Muslim Turks recaptured Edessa, one
    of the Crusader states
  • Christians kept control of the other states
    because Muslim leaders were not united, but that
    is about to change
  • Saladin was a powerful Muslim leader who began to
    unify the Muslims in the region

11
Saladin
12
The Third Crusade
  • 1189 1192, Saladin had recaptured Jerusalem
  • Richard the Lion-Hearted was a powerful Christian
    leader for the crusade because of his courage and
    skill
  • After 3 years of fighting, Saladin and Richard
    agreed on a truce in 1192
  • Muslims keep control of Jerusalem, but Christians
    are allowed to make pilgrimages.

13
Richard the Lion-Hearted
14
End of the Crusades
  • There were more crusades
  • By 1270, the Muslims drove the Crusaders out of
    Palestine

15
Effects of the Crusades
  • Good
  • Traders and pilgrims maintained an exchange of
    cultural ideas between Europe and Asia
  • Increased trade helped towns to grow
  • Bad
  • Christians increased intolerance toward
    non-Christians
  • Reconquista and Inquisition are examples of this
    intolerance
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