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Ethical Leadership

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Title: Ethical Leadership Subject: Ethics Author: Paul Shaw Last modified by: shaw001 Created Date: 3/12/2002 12:37:29 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ethical Leadership


1
Georgia Professional Standards Commission
The Code of Ethics for Georgia Educators 2015-16
2
Professional Standards Commission
  • Certification
  • Educator Preparation
  • Ethics

3
Legal Authority of the PSC Ethics Division
4
20-2-984.1. Adoption of a Code of Ethics.
  1.  It shall be the duty of the commission to adopt
    standards of performance and a code of ethics for
    educators which are generally accepted by
    educators of this state.  

5
Code of Ethics
  • Code of Common Sense

6
20-2-984.1. Adoption of a Code of Ethics.
  • The standards of performance and code of ethics
    adopted by the commission shall be limited to
    professional performance and professional ethics.
  • The PSC does not care what you do in you personal
    lives as long as it does not carryover into your
    professional lives.

7
Definition of Educator
  • 20-2-982.1.(2) "Educator" means education
    personnel who hold, have applied for, or been
    denied certificates, permits, or other
    certification documents issued by the Georgia
    Professional Standards Commission.  

8
Legal Compliance
Standard 1
9
Standard 1
An educator shall abide by federal, state, and
local laws and statutes.
10
Legal Compliance
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
    the commission or conviction of
  • a felony or any crime involving moral turpitude.
  • any criminal offense involving a controlled
    substance or marijuana.
  • any sexual offense specified in Code Section 16.
  • any laws applicable to the profession.

11
Standard 1 Legal Compliance
  • The Educator and her husband were arrested and
    charged with felony Cruelty to Children-Deprivatio
    n of Necessary Sustenance in the 1st Degree. The
    offense is still pending adjudication. The
    Educator failed to provide documentation
    requested by the PSC Investigator
  • Revoked.

12
Standard 1 Legal Compliance
  • The Educator was arrested for Theft by
    Shoplifting while holding a valid PSC
    paraprofessional certificate. Subsequently, the
    Educator was sentenced to 20 hours of community
    service, take a shoplifting/theft education
    class, and pay a fine of 300 under a pre-trial
    diversion program
  • Suspend 20 Days

13
Conduct with Students
14
Standard 2
An educator shall always maintain a professional
relationship with all students, both in and
outside the classroom.
15
  • A student is anyone under the age of 18.

16
  • OR, a student enrolled in grades Pre-K to 12 in a
    public or private school.

17
For the purposes of the Code of Ethics, the
enrollment period for a graduating student ends
on August 31 of the year of graduation.
18
Revocation
Sexual Abuse of Students
19
Young people instinctively recognize these
boundary violations and often nickname the
employee engaged in such violations a pervert,
based on their perceived sense of
inappropriateness.
Mary Jo McGrath
20
Standard 2 Conduct With Students
  • Paraprofessionals 1 and 2 stated that the
    Educator had a history of abusing (spanking)
    students. In her most recent incident, the
    Educator took a student behind a bookcase and
    spanked him with a ruler. Even though she could
    not be seen, the paraprofessionals could hear the
    screams and the sound of hitting the student.
    The principal saw the red marks on the students
    arms
  • Suspend 2 Years

21
Standard 2 Conduct With Students
  • The Educator admitted he developed a close
    relationship with a sixth grade student. He
    admitted to hugging her, kissing her on the
    forehead, and walking her to her other classes.
    Later, through his attorney, he denied kissing
    her. Letters to the Educator professing her love
    for him were found in the Educators desk drawer
  • Revoked

22
Student Relationship Guidelines
E-mail
Phone Calls
Be Friendly, Not a Friend.
Gossip
Parties
Inappropriate Jokes
Photographs
23
Choose Appropriate Settings
Student Relationship Guidelines
Home
Auto
Closet
Dark Room
24
Standard 3
  • Alcohol or Drugs

25
Standard 3
An educator shall refrain from the use of alcohol
or illegal or unauthorized drugs during the
course of professional practice.
26
Alcohol
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • being on school premises or at a school-related
    activity involving students while under the
    influence of, possessing, or consuming alcoholic
    beverages.

27
  • 20-2-984.1. The code of ethics shall be
    limited to professional performance and
    professional ethics.  

28
Standard 3 Drugs and Alcohol
  • During an end of the year program, the Educator
    displayed unusual behavior in front of the
    students. The Educator agreed to a drug
    screening, which revealed a positive reading for
    marijuana and hydrocodone. The Educator did not
    possess a prescription for the drug at the time
    of screening.
  • Suspend 2 Years

29
Standard 3 Drugs and Alcohol
  • The Educator met with her Principal and A.P. at
    645 for her annual performance review. During
    the meeting the principal noticed an odor of
    alcohol and that the Educator seemed disorganized
    and unable to collect her thoughts. The Educator
    declined to submit to a drug screening but did
    admit to consuming a bottle of wine the previous
    evening
  • Suspend 1 Year

30
Question
  • How many Educators are guilty of going to a
    restaurant on a Friday evening and consuming a
    bottle of beer or a glass of wine with their
    meal, and then going to a high school football
    game?
  • What level of intoxication is acceptable when an
    educator is interacting with students or
    community members at school events?

31
Standard 4
  • Honesty

32
Standard 4
An educator shall exemplify honesty and integrity
in the course of professional practice.
33
Honesty
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
    falsifying, misrepresenting, or omitting
  • professional qualifications, criminal history,
    college or staff development credit and/or
    degrees, academic award, and employment history

34
Honesty
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to,
    falsifying, misrepresenting, or omitting
  • information submitted to federal, state, local
    school districts and other governmental agencies

35
Honesty
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to,
    falsifying, misrepresenting, or omitting
  • 3. information regarding the evaluation of
    students and/or personnel

36
Honesty
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to,
    falsifying, misrepresenting, or omitting
  • reasons for absences or leaves

37
Honesty
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to,
    falsifying, misrepresenting, or omitting
  • 5. information submitted in the course of an
    official inquiry/investigation and

38
Honesty
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to,
    falsifying, misrepresenting, or omitting
  • 6. information submitted in the course of
    professional practice.

39
Standard 4 Honesty
  • The Educator failed to disclose on a 2010
    application for certification renewal having two
    bad check offenses (2004, 2006) which occurred
    while she held a valid PSC certificate. The
    matter was not submitted for PSC to review until
    it was discovered by her employing school system
    in 2014
  • Suspend 5 Days

40
Standard 4 Honesty
  • The Educator falsified student data used for
    monitoring and tracking the progress of SWD.
    During a review of the Educators student data
    collection binder, the principal found at least
    80 data points were falsified. Data was entered
    for some students during holidays and during days
    when the Educator was absent. The Educator
    indicated she made some careless errors
  • Suspend 90 Days

41
Standard 5
  • Public Funds Property

42
Standard 5
An educator entrusted with public funds and
property shall honor that trust with a high level
of honesty, accuracy, and responsibility.
43
Public Funds Property
  • Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to
  • misusing public or school-related funds
  • failing to account for funds collected from
    students or parents
  • submitting fraudulent requests or documentation
    for reimbursement of expenses or for pay
  • co-mingling public or school-related funds with
    personal funds or checking accounts and
  • using school property without the approval of the
    local board of education/governing board or
    authorized designee.

44
Standard 5 Public Funds and Property
  • The Educators school computer was used to access
    inappropriate content on multiple days from
    12/15/14 thru 1/6/15. The Educators attorney
    provided the PSC with an affidavit asserting a
    house guest was responsible for the inappropriate
    use. The house guest was interviewed by the
    PSC. He stated that after being pressured he
    signed the affidavit, but the content was not
    true
  • Revoke

45
Standard 5 Public Funds and Property
  • The Educator admitted that she sold items donated
    for student use (coupons for pizza, Six Flag
    tickets, etc.) on eBay through her personal
    account. The school systems investigator
    estimated the Educator made a profit of
    approximately 300
  • Suspend 1 Year

46
Standard 6
  • Remunerative Conduct

47
Standard 6
An educator shall maintain integrity with
students, colleagues, parents, patrons, or
businesses when accepting gifts, gratuities,
favors, and additional compensation.
48
Standard 6 Remunerative Conduct
  • A parent reported the Educator was charging to
    tutor students after school during the last half
    hour of the work day. The Educator initially
    denied she was charging the students. The parent
    then provided text messages sent by the teacher
    telling parents not to tell the administrators.
    The Educator was suspended and given a letter of
    direction. She continued to tutor for money
  • Suspend 1 Year

49
Standard 6 Remunerative Conduct
  • The investigation conducted by the school system
    established that the Educator promoted a
    nutritional supplement to students at school.
    This included providing free samples, and
    offering student a commission for any supplements
    sold. The Educator had a financial interest in
    the product.
  • Revoke

50
Standard 7
  • Confidential Information

51
Standard 7
An educator shall comply with state and federal
laws and state school board policies relating to
the confidentiality of student and personnel
records, standardized test material and other
information.
52
Confidential Information
  • Annual performance evaluation records of school
    personnel
  • Health services provided to an insured
  • Individual student performance data, information
    and reports
  • School records of students with disabilities
  • A student's education record

53
Standard 7 Confidential Information
  • The Educator admitted on one or two occasions he
    allowed a student to enter grades into the school
    database. During the investigation, it was
    discovered that the student not only entered
    grades on several occasions, but was allowed to
    correct papers and assign grades. The student
    was also allowed to use the school computer for
    online shopping
  • Suspend 60 Days

54
Standard 7 Confidential Information
  • The Educator admitted he received a copy of a
    fellow teachers grading record and turned over
    the student grades to a reporter. The principal
    had changed the grades of the fellow teachers
    students for legitimate reasons.
  • Revoke

55
Standard 8
  • Abandonment of Contract

56
An educator shall fulfill all of the terms and
obligations detailed in the contract with the
local board of education or education agency for
the duration of the contract.
57
Abandonment of Contract
  • The PSC expects educators to honor their
    contracts.
  • The PSC has identified circumstances that
    warrant educators leaving their contracted
    positions without a release.
  • Educators and systems are expected to act
    professionally and make every effort to minimize
    the effect on the students experiencing the loss.

58
Standard 8 Abandonment of Contract
  • The Educator left her job the same day she
    submitted her letter of resignation. She did not
    respond to the request from the Superintendent to
    give a 30 day notice so a replacement could be
    located. The Educator said extra duties had been
    added to her job and she was too overwhelmed to
    continue
  • Suspend 90 Days

59
Standard 8 Abandonment of Contract
  • The Educator signed an employment contract FY
    2015 and then requested to be released from the
    contract to take a position in a neighboring
    county which was closer to her residence. The
    request was denied. Subsequently she filed a
    second request citing medical issues. In all,
    she filed 4 requests, which were denied. She was
    charged 2014 in liquidated damages and reported
    to the PSC
  • Reprimand

60
Standard 9
  • Required Reports

61
An educator shall file reports of a breach of one
or more of the standards in the Code of Ethics
for Educators, child abuse, or any other required
report.
62
  • O.C.G.A. 19-7-5
  • Child abuse includes the following conduct by a
    childs parent or caretaker
  • Physical injury or death (by other than
    accidental means)
  • Neglect or exploitation of a child
  • Sexual abuse - an act of apparent sexual
    stimulation or gratification ...
  • Sexual exploitation - allows, permits,
    encourages, or requires a child to engage in
    prostitution or sexually explicit conduct .

63
20-2-1184
  • Any employee of a public or private elementary or
    secondary school ... who has reasonable cause to
    believe that a student at that school has
    committed any of the following acts upon school
    property or at any school function, shall
    immediately report the act and the name of the
    student to the principal or the principal's
    designee.
  • Aggravated assault involving a firearm
  • Aggravated battery
  • Sexual offenses
  • Carrying a deadly weapons at public gatherings
  • Carrying weapons at school
  • Illegal possession of a pistol or revolver by a
    person under 18
  • Possession or any use of marijuana and
    controlled substances,
  • The principal ... shall make an oral report
    thereof immediately by telephone or otherwise to
    the appropriate school system superintendent and
    to the appropriate police authority and district
    attorney.
  • Any person who fails to make a report shall be
    guilty of a misdemeanor.

64
Standard 9 Required Reports
  • The Educator admitted a student disclosed that he
    had been whipped by his grandmother with an
    extension cord and a hanger and was then shown a
    scar on his arm that was allegedly caused by
    abuse. The Educator typed the abuse report but
    failed to submit the report to anyone for two
    days because it got lost under some papers
  • Suspend 90 Days

65
Standard 9 Required Reports
  • The Educator was employed as a high school
    principal. A counselor reported to him in the
    fall that she had her rumors of an inappropriate
    relationship between the a teacher and a student.
    Previously, a school secretary had reported a
    similar rumor to him. Two years later, the
    teacher was arrested and charged with 3 counts of
    sexual assault.
  • Revoke

66
Standard 10
  • Professional Conduct

67
Standard 10
An educator shall demonstrate conduct that
follows generally recognized professional
standards and preserves the dignity and integrity
of the teaching profession.
68
Standard 10 Professional Conduct
  • The Educator admitted he and a student engaged in
    a shouting match and exchanged inappropriate
    language and profanity. The incident was recorded
    by another student with his cell phone
  • Suspend 20 Days

69
Standard 10 Professional Conduct
  • Multiple students in the Educators classroom
    recalled him making derogatory comments towards
    students. The comments included pea-brain,
    stupid, crazy, and ignorant. Several students
    also said the Educator used profanity
  • Suspend 10 Days

70
Standard 11
  • Testing

71
Standard 11
An educator shall administer state mandated
assessments fairly and ethically.
72
Georgia Not Only State With Questionable Test
Scores
73
Nationwide Problem
  • Over 196 of the largest 3,125 school systems in
    the United States has suspect test score
    improvement
  • Odds of obtaining these reported results by
    chance alone is over 1000 to 1
  • In 33 of these school systems, the odds were
    worse than 1,000,000 to 1

74
Testing
  • United States spends 760,000,000 a year on
    testing required by NCLB
  • States are left to their own in monitoring the
    testing
  • Most states do not have resources to conduct
    investigations of this magnitude
  • One graduate student, in her dissertation,
    surveyed teachers in her state and found that
    50 of teachers either had cheated or knew a
    colleague who had cheated

75
  • With a good testing program
  • Students know the skills and knowledge they have
    mastered and how they compare to others.
  • Parents can evaluate whether their children are
    obtaining the skills and knowledge they need.
  • Teachers can determine if students have mastered
    the skills and knowledge needed to advance to the
    next level.
  • Community members have a measuring stick for
    student performance.

76
Major Testing Violations
  • Breach of Test Security
  • Fail to provide or attend training
  • Fail to follow directions specified in the manual
  • Coach, prompt, alter or provide answers to
    students during the test
  • Interpret, explain, or paraphrase test items
  • Copy or take notes on test items

77
Standard 11 Testing
  • The Educator whispered to the proctor during
    the CRCT and made facial gestures at some of the
    students , which they interpreted as meaning they
    had the wrong answers. A total of 15 students
    were coded as irregularities and 5 tests were
    invalidated.
  • Suspend 2 Years

78
Standard 11
  • The Educator admits she misinterpreted
    eligibility guidelines for students who were
    taking the CRCT-M with the results being 9
    students were not eligible for the modified
    version that was administered to them. The GaDOE
    invalidated the results
  • Suspend 90 Days

79
Teachers Role
  • Attend training
  • Ensures security of test booklets before,
    during, and after testing
  • Follow directions
  • Arrange seats to promote individual work
  • Circulate about the classroom to prevent cheating
    and other violations
  • Be familiar with allowable student accommodations
  • Account for all testing materials

80
Lessons Learned
  • Establish an environment conducive to student
    learning and test score improvement
  • Require training for all participants with
    similar information and format at all training
    sessions
  • Require available staff to monitor during testing
  • Test security is paramount

81
Lessons Learned
  • Investigate all allegations and complaints
    thoroughly - consider involvement of outside
    investigators
  • Large increases in student test scores are a red
    flag
  • Having knowledge of testing violations and
    failing to report jeopardizes teaching
    certificate
  • Superintendents, Principals, and Test
    Coordinators are ultimately responsible

82
Other Grounds for Disciplinary Action against a
Certificate
83
Other Grounds for Disciplinary Action
  • Suspension or revocation of any professional
    license or certificate.
  • Violation of laws and rules applicable to the
    profession.
  • Any other good and sufficient cause that renders
    an educator unfit for employment as an educator.

84
Enforcing Sanctions
  • The superintendent and the superintendents
    designee for certification shall be responsible
    for assuring that an individual whose certificate
    has been revoked, denied, or suspended is not
    employed or serving in any capacity in their
    district. Both the superintendent and the
    superintendents designee must hold GAPSC
    certification.

85
  • Year Denied Revoked
    Voluntary Total
    Surrender
  • FY 2005 25 93 22 140
  • FY 2006 42 72 17 131
  • FY 2007 23 76 26 125
  • FY 2008 33 54 16 103
  • FY 2009 25 71 27 123
  • FY 2010 13 67 28 108
  • FY 2011 18 58 20 96
  • FY 2012 18 92 25 135
  • FY 2013 14 86 28 128
  • FY 2014 18 99 26 143
  • FY 2015 26 81 29 136

86
Sanctions-June, 2014-June 2015
  • Legal compliance-41
  • Conduct with Students-82
  • Alcohol and Drugs-22
  • Honesty-76
  • Public Funds and Property-19
  • Remunerative Conduct-2
  • Confidential Information-3

87
Sanctions
  • Abandonment of Contract-3
  • Required Reports-11
  • Professional Conduct-52
  • Testing-26
  • Total-337

88
RESA Totals
  • FY 2015
  • FY 2014
  • CSRA-31
  • Chattahoochee-30
  • Coastal Plains-34
  • First District-70
  • Griffin-59
  • Heart of Georgia-6
  • Metro-289
  • Middle Georgia-45
  • North Georgia-34
  • CSRA-72
  • Chattahoochee-30
  • Coastal Plains-31
  • First District-124
  • Griffin-53
  • Heart of Georgia-12
  • Metro-317
  • Middle Georgia-51
  • North Georgia-28

89
RESA Totals
  • FY 2015
  • FY 2014
  • NE Georgia-29
  • NW Georgia-36
  • Oconee-12
  • Okefenokee-14
  • Pioneer-16
  • SW Georgia-30
  • West Georgia-26
  • RESA Avg-48
  • RESA Total-761
  • NE Georgia-64
  • NW Georgia-53
  • Oconee-10
  • Okefenokee-10
  • Pioneer-34
  • SW Georgia-45
  • West Georgia-18
  • RESA Avg-60
  • RESA Total-955

90
Open Cases by RESA -Teachers Listed on CPI Report
  • 2015
  • 2015
  • CSRA-.0063
  • Chattahoochee-.0094
  • Coastal Plains-.0097
  • First District-.0083
  • Griffin-.0088
  • Heart of Ga.-.0042
  • Metro-.0068
  • Middle Ga.-.0100
  • North Ga.-.0070
  • NE Ga.-.0058
  • NW Ga.-.0050
  • Oconee-.0123
  • Okefenokee-.0077
  • Pioneer-.0032
  • SW Ga.-.0085
  • W. Ga.-.0065
  • Avg.-.0070

91
ADVICE
  • Take testing seriously
  • Be friendly but not a friend to the studentsyou
    are not their friend but their supervisor and
    role model
  • Honesty and Integrity are important
  • Educators are held to higher standards
  • Educators are mandated reporters if they are
    aware of violations of Code of Ethics
  • Do not interact with students via social media

92
Contact Information
  • Paul A. Shaw
  • Email-paul.shaw_at_gapsc.com
  • Phone -404-232-2635
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