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Crisis Intervention

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Crisis Intervention a highly emotional temporary state in which an individual s feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion or pain impair his/her ability to act – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Crisis Intervention


1
Crisis Intervention
  • a highly emotional temporary state in which an
    individuals feelings of anxiety, grief,
    confusion or pain impair his/her ability to act

2
Qualities and Characteristics of a Crisis
  • 1) period of heightened psychological
    accessibility
  • 2) usually stimulated by an outside precipitator
  • 3) are normal reactions to emotionally hazardous
    situations
  • 4) individuals appraisal/perception determines
    the occurrence and seriousness of the crisis

3
Qualities and Characteristics (contd)
  • 5) the more seriously threatening the appraisal,
    the greater the likelihood for primitive coping
    behaviors
  • 6) persons in crisis tend to pull away from
    contact
  • 7) persons in crisis tend to lose all concept of
    time

4
How a Crisis Develops
  • 1) Stimulus/Precipitating Event
  • 2) Appraisal of Situation by the Individual
  • 3) Coping Methods and Personal Resources

5
Types of Crisis
  • 1) Developmental
  • 2) Situational
  • Potential Crises

6
The ABC Method of Crisis Intervention (Stone)
  • A Achieving contact with the person in
    crisis.
  • B Boiling down the problem to its essentials.
  • C Coping with the problem.

7
Suicide
  • Why discuss suicide?
  • Edwin Shneidman father of the suicide
    prevention movement in the United States

8
Feelings Suicide Survivors Experience
  • Shame predominant feeling
  • Guilt
  • Anger
  • Fear
  • Distorted Thinking

9
Effective Listening Principles for Serving
Suicide Survivors
  • Dos
  • Be an active listener, observe body language,
    clarify, paraphrase
  • Listen for the 5 most common concerns
  • The need to know why.
  • Guilt
  • Anger
  • Finding someone to blame.
  • Clients fear that they too are capable of
    suicide.
  • Make appropriate referrals

10
Donts When Serving Suicide Survivors
  • Dont answer questions that have not been asked.
  • Dont answer exclamations as questions that
    require an answer.
  • Dont answer questions that are theological,
    psychological or medical.

11
Homicide/Sudden Death
  • Survivor may have sense of unreality, guilt,
    need to blame, helplessness, unfinished business
  • Medical and legal authorities.
  • fight or flight response
  • Increased need to understand Why?
  • Follow-up and appropriate referrals.

12
SIDS
  • Over 8000 babies/year in the U.S.
  • Occurs in infants under 1 year.
  • Most frequent 2-6 months
  • Complicating factors
  • Death occurs without warning.
  • Absence of a definite cause.
  • Involvement of the legal system.
  • Meaning of the deceased child.
  • Marital turmoil.
  • Sadness and anger.

13
AIDS
  • Features that could affect the bereavement
    process
  • Contagion
  • Stigma
  • Lack of Social Support
  • Untimely Deaths
  • Multiple Losses
  • Protracted Illness/Disfigurement
  • Neurological Complications
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