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Difficulties Facing English Majors in Writing Research Papers at the Islamic University of Gaza

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Title: Difficulties Facing English Majors in Writing Research Papers at the Islamic University of Gaza


1
Difficulties Facing English Majors in Writing
Research Papers at the Islamic University of Gaza
2
Statement of the Problem
  • What are the difficulties facing English majors
    in writing research papers at I.U.G.?

3
Questions of the Study
  • A- What are the main difficulties in technical
    skills facing English majors in writing research
    papers at I.U.G.?
  • B- What are the main difficulties in research
    skills facing English majors in writing research
    papers at I.U.G.?
  • C- What are the causes of the main difficulties
    in technical skills from the point of view of
    writing teachers at I.U.G.?
  • D- What are the causes of the main difficulties
    in research skills from the point of view of
    writing teachers at I.U.G.?

4
Purpose of the Study
  • The purpose of the study is
  • - to identify, classify and analyze the main
    difficulties in technical skills and research
    skills by analyzing English majors research
    papers and testing them by the diagnostic test,
  • - to reveal the causes of these difficulties by
    interviewing the writing teachers at I.U.G.,
  • and to give recommendations to overcome these
    difficulties.

5
Significance of the Study
  • English majors because it highlights the
    difficulties in writing research papers, which
    they face, and the related causes in order to
    help them to overcome these difficulties.
  • Teachers of English because it reveals the
    writing difficulties and their causes which
    represent problems for English majors in order to
    conduct remedial work.
  • Textbook writers and curricula designers to
    concentrate on these difficulties, and to give
    more recommendations to solve these problems.

6
Definition of Terms
  • Difficulty difficulties (n) A difficulty is a
    problem ... if you have difficult doing
    something, you are not able to do it easily if
    you are in difficulty or difficulties, you are
    having a lot of problems. (BBC Dictionary, 1992,
    p. 313).
  • Difficulty difficulties (n) is a problematic
    issue that is uneasy to understand or achieve
    correctly from the first time for (50) of
    English majors (operational definition). The
    researcher adopts the operational definition.

7
  • Writing is a complex process involving the
    construction of recorded messages on paper or on
    some other material, and, more recently, on a
    computer screen (Swales and Feak 1994 34).
  • Writing means to form (letters, words, or
    symbols) on a surface such as paper with an
    instrument such as a pen to trace or form
    letters, words, or symbols on paper or another
    surface, to produce written material, such as
    articles or books, to compose a letter
    communicate by mail (The American Heritage
    Dictionary of the English Language 2000). The
    researcher adopts this definition, because it is
    simple and wider than Swales and Feaks
    definition.

8
  • Research paper can be an engrossing, creative
    activity. By gathering information, analyzing its
    separate elements, and composing a synthesis of
    them, you come to know your subject deeply
    (Troyka 1999 505).
  • Research paper means preparing the necessary
    information to answer a question or to solve a
    problem. And it needs to analysis and interrupt
    primary information to reach the fact (Al-Agha,
    2002, p. 3). The researcher adopts Al-Aghas
    definition, because it is more suitable to her
    study.

9
  • Skill refers to systematic and coordinated
    patterm of mental and physical activity,
    involving both receptor, processes, and effector
    processes. Skills may be perceptual, motor,
    manual, intellectual, social etc (Taneja 1998
    246).
  • Skill is the ability to do something easily,
    precisely, and successfully by using mental or
    physical activity (Operational definition). The
    researcher adopts the operational definition.

10
  • Difficulties in Writing Research Papers are the
    problems in the skills of writing research
    papers, whether these are technical skills or
    research skills, which appear in the analysis of
    English majors research papers, the experts
    responses, the diagnostic test and prevent (50)
    of students from writing an academic research
    papers, (Operational definition). The researcher
    adopts the operational definition.

11
  • Technical Skills are not just needed for writing
    research paper, but also for all writing types.
  • Research Skills are especially needed for writing
    research papers. The researcher must use them in
    writing research papers.
  • I.U.G. means the Islamic University of Gaza.

12
Limitation of the Study
  • The study will be applied on and limited to the
    English majors (males and females in two
    colleges Arts and Education) of the third level
    who enrolled at the academic year 2001 - 2002 at
    I.U.G. The study is concerned with the main
    difficulties in technical skills and research
    skills. It is also concerned with the causes of
    these difficulties according to the point of view
    of writing teachers in the English Department at
    I.U.G.

13
Population of the Study
  • The population of the study consisted of (156),
    who were enrolled to Advanced Writing in the
    first semester at (2001 2002). (138) English
    majors were enrolled to the sample of the study

14
Tools of the Study
  • The researcher used five different tools to
    fulfill the aims of the study list of skills,
    analysis card, open questionnaire for the
    teachers of writing, diagnostic test, and
    interview with teachers of writing.

15
Statistical Analysis
  • - Percentages, means, relative means, and
    frequencies were used to determine the level of
    English majors achievement and the importance of
    each skill.
  • - And Pearson correlation was used to count the
    validity of the test by internal consistency.

16
Research Methodology
  • The researcher adopted the descriptive analytical
    approach.
  • Descriptive research is designed to obtain
    pertinent and precise information concerning the
    current status of phenomena and, whenever
    possible, to draw valid general conclusions from
    facts discovered (Koul, 1999, p. 432).
  • Analytical Research draws general conclusions
    from facts and basic evidence. The researcher
    must analyze information-record the facts,
    comment on them, and come to conclusions about
    meaning, causes, consequences, and relationships
    (Wright, 1995).

17
Procedure of the Study
  • To fulfill the study, the researcher
  • 1- collected and reviewed the previous studies to
    avail from their procedures, tools, results, and
    recommendations
  • 2- prepared the theoretical framework through
    searching in the literature reviews
  • 3- prepared the list of skills through the
    literature reviews and juries opinions
  • 4- analyzed English majors researcher papers
    descriptively and quantitatively
  • 5- constructed the diagnostic test,
  • 6- applied the test after I. U. G. gave her
    permission,
  • 7- interviewed the teachers of writing in the
    English Department at I.U.G. to ask them about
    the causes of difficulties,
  • 8- analyzed the collected data statistically,
  • 9- and gave recommendations and suggestions.
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