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How did political parties develop?

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How did political parties develop? WTP 2 Lesson 20 Objectives Explain why the Framers opposed the development of political parties Describe the two original political ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How did political parties develop?


1
How did political parties develop?
  • WTP 2 Lesson 20

2
Objectives
  • Explain why the Framers opposed the development
    of political parties
  • Describe the two original political parties,
    their leaders, and the issues that divided them.
  • Describe the role and purpose of political
    parties today.

3
Vocabulary
  • Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Currency
  • Federalist Party
  • Political Parties
  • Republican Party

4
Why were the Framers of the Constitution Against
Political Parties?
  • George Washington elected 1st president
    unanimously b/c
  • Well respected for military service
  • no political parties groups of who join together
    because of political belief
  • Political parties factions

5
Why were the Framers of the Constitution Against
Political Parties?
  • The Framers feared the strongest faction would
    control the government would not protect the
    rights of all people, but would work to promote
    their self-interest.

6
Why was the disagreement about the meaning of the
words in the Constitution?
  • Hamilton
  • Wanted strong federal government
  • Favored broad interpretation of Constitution
  • Constitution created national government to solve
    national problems
  • Jefferson
  • Wanted local government
  • Favored strict interpretation of Constitution
  • A government free to define its own power, it
    would threaten the liberty of the people

7
Why was the disagreement about the meaning of the
words in the Constitution?
  • Hamilton
  • - People who agreed with Hamilton became
    Federalist Party
  • Jefferson
  • - People who agreed with Jefferson became
    Republican Party
  • Not the same Republican party as today

8
How well do you understand Jeffersons concern?
  • Suppose the student government had the power to
    make whatever rules they thought were necessary
    and proper for the general welfare
  • List five rules you think they would make.
  • Who would be in a position to decide what was
    necessary and proper?
  • Who would decide what general welfare was?
  • What limitations would there be on the student
    governments power?

9
What was the disagreement about the nations
economy important?
  • Hamilton, as Secretary of Treasury, wanted to
    create a strong currency for the nation.
  • Encourage manufacturing (factory-based)
  • Wanted to solve debt from Revolutionary War
  • State govt owed 25 million (312,593,993.34
    today)
  • National govt owed 54 million
  • (675203025.62 today)

10
What was the disagreement about the nations
economy important?
  • Hamilton wanted to create a federal bank to
  • Collect taxes
  • Make loans
  • Did not have gold/silver to make coin currency
  • Wanted to issue widespread paper money
  • Needed to back currency with gold

11
What was the disagreement about the nations
economy important?
  • Hamilton advised President Washington that the
    Constitution necessary and proper clause gave
    him the power to create a bank because it was
    necessary to carry out enumerated powers to
    collect taxes and regulate trade.

12
What was the disagreement about the nations
economy important?
  • Jefferson was opposed to using federal power to
    create a bank b/c it was not absolutely
    necessary.
  • Washington signed the Bank into law.

13
Why was the disagreement about foreign affairs
important?
  • 1793- War broke out between France and GB
  • Jefferson wanted to retain ties w/ France
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