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The spread of the Italian Renaissance to England, France, Germany, and Flanders (Netherlands)

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Title: The spread of the Italian Renaissance to England, France, Germany, and Flanders (Netherlands)


1
The Northern Renaissance
  • The spread of the Italian Renaissance to England,
    France, Germany, and Flanders (Netherlands)

2
Essential Questions
  • What contributions did writers and philosophers
    make to the northern Renaissance?
  • How did the works of northern artists differ from
    those of the Italian Renaissance?

3
Northern Renaissance Background
  • The Renaissance began in Italy in the 1300s
  • It did not reach Northern Europe until after 1450
  • Economic growth began later which delayed the
    support of the arts

4
The Renaissance Spreads North
  • Trading Ideas
  • Northern Europeans traded ideas, goods spread
    Italian Renaissance north
  • Fleeing violence, Italian artists brought
    humanist ideas, painting techniques north
  • Northern scholars traveled to Italy, brought
    ideas home
  • Universities started in France, Netherlands,
    Germany

5
Philosophers and Writers
6
Shakespeare and His Characters
Spread Renaissance Ideas
  • William Shakespeare
  • Use of language, choice of themes made plays
    appealing even to uneducated
  • Plays helped spread ideas of Renaissance to mass
    audience
  • Focused on lives of realistic characters, unlike
    morality plays
  • By Shakespeares death, 1616, London scene of
    thriving theatre district
  • Many believe English playwright William
    Shakespeare greatest writer
  • Plots not original, but treatments of them
    masterful
  • Drew inspiration from ancient, contemporary
    literature
  • Knowledge of natural science, humanist topics
    expressed in plays

7
Albrecht Durer (German)
  • Known as the German Leonardo
  • He traveled to Italy in 1494
  • After returning to Germany, he produced woodcuts
    and engravings
  • Many of his prints portray religious subjects and
    classical myths
  • The popularity of his works helped to spread
    Renaissance styles

8
DURER woodcuts
  • Samson Killing the Lion
  • Hercules

9
Jan van Eyck (Flemish)
  • Van Eyck used oil-based paints to develop new
    techniques.
  • By applying layer upon layer of paint, van Eyck
    was able to create a variety of subtle colors in
    clothing and jewels
  • His paintings display realistic details and
    reveal the personality of their subjects

10
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11
Pieter Brueghel (Flemish)
  • Interested in realistic details and individual
    people
  • He was very skillful in portraying large numbers
    of people
  • He captured scenes from everyday peasant life
    such as weddings, dances, and harvest

12
Bruegel
13
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14
Changes from the Italian Renaissance
  • Humanism in the north led to calls for social and
    religious reform (More Erasmus)
  • N. Renaissance artists reflected a more
    down-to-earth view of humanity
  • Tried to depict people as they really were
  • Use of oil paints produced bright colors and a
    hard surface, which lasted longer

15
Elizabethan Age
  • The Renaissance spread to England in the
    mid-1500s
  • Named for Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
  • She was well educated and spoke French, Italian,
    Latin, and Greek
  • She supported the development of English art and
    literature
  • The theatre flourished under her patronage
  • William Shakespeare and many others composed
    plays that broke free of past styles.
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