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Foundations of Government

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Title: Foundations of Government


1
Foundations of Government
2
Politics Is?
  • Power!Power Is?
  • The ability to get others to act in accordance
    with your wishes, even if they dont want to.
  • Is power force?
  • Is power influence..?
  • Is all power usable?
  • Is all power legitimate?
  • What gives power authority?

3
Government Is?
  • The institution through which a society enforces
    its public policies.
  • Government is comprised of people, things,
    processes, and ideas!

4
The State (not Texas, Illinois, etc.)From
Vatican City to Russia What do they have in
common?
  • Population
  • Territory
  • Sovereignty
  • Government

5
Origins of the State??
  • Force Theory
  • Dictatorships
  • Evolutionary Theory
  • Primitive Cultures, all governments?
  • Divine Right Theory
  • Monarchies
  • Social Contract Theory
  • Democracies

6
What is the Purpose of Government?
  • Lets read (sing?) the Preamble!
  • It all sounds good, but this is the REAL problem
    of scarcity, and the REAL opportunity cost!!!!

7
Purposes of Government
  • Form a more Perfect Union.
  • Establish Justice
  • Insure Domestic Tranquility
  • Provide for the Common Defense
  • Promote the General Welfare
  • Secure the Blessing of Liberty

8
Form a More Perfect Union
  • After the Revolutionary Ear, the government
    needed to balance the powers of the colonies
    (states) with that of the National Government
  • Articles of Confederation were a failure.

9
Ensure Justice
  • Power and authority to resolve issues
  • Law should be reasonable, fair, and impartial
  • Make and enforce laws
  • Limit what people can do
  • Court system to make final decisions

10
Insure Domestic Tranquility
  • Provide domestic order to avoid anarchy.
  • Protect us from ourselves (Hobbes).
  • Police
  • FBI

11
Provide Common Defense
  • Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines Coast Guard
  • State Department
  • C.I.A.
  • Defense Dept.
  • Exclusive Power to Negotiate with Foreign Nations

12
Provide General Welfare
  • Building and Maintaining Roads
  • Welfare
  • Education
  • National Parks
  • Etc.
  • Due to our free enterprise system, this role is
    smaller than many other countries.

13
Forms of Government
  • 1. Number Who can Participate
  • 2. Relation Between Legislature and Executive
  • 3. Geographic Distribution of Power

14
Number Who Participate
  • Dictatorship (One is the loneliest Number)
  • autocracy
  • oligarchy
  • Democracy
  • Direct Democracy
  • Representative Democracy
  • (Republic)

15
Geographic Distribution
  • Unitary power of the govt is held by a single
    agency (Great Britain) Most govts are unitary
  • Confederation alliance of independent states
    weak central govt (U.S. articles of
    confederation)
  • Federal power of the govt is divided between a
    central govt and regional govt (U.S. federal
    govt and states)

16
Legislative v. Executive
  • Parliamentary
  • Concentrated power
  • legislative has the power
  • Prime minister is member of Parliament
  • Presidential
  • Separated power between the branches of
    government
  • Elected President

17

Foundations of Democracy
  • Worth and dignity of every person Primacy of
    the individual.
  • Equality of all persons
  • Majority Rule with Minority Rights.
  • Necessity of Compromise
  • Individual Freedom
  • Speech
  • Press
  • Religion
  • Assembly
  • Others?

18
(No Transcript)
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