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Title: U.S. History semester exam review


1
U.S. History semester exam review
2
  • What merchants controlled the overland routes to
    Asia?
  • Portuguese
  • Muslim
  • English
  • Spanish

3
  • Muslim

4
  • What European nation first discovered a sea route
    to Asia?
  • England
  • France
  • Portugal
  • Spain

5
  • Portugal

6
  • The most significant fact about John Cabots
    voyages was that he
  • Disappeared mysteriously
  • Found a new trade route to China
  • Claimed land in North America for England
  • Circumnavigated the globe

7
  • Claimed land in North America for England

8
  • Luthers religious ideas spread primarily because
    of
  • Increased travel among Europeans
  • The European wars, which scattered people across
    the Continent
  • The development of movable-type printing
  • His popularity in the monasteries

9
  • The development of movable-type printing

10
  • How did the Protestant Reformation encourage
    settlement of the New World?
  • The Reformation spurred interest in the search
    for wealth
  • Spain and France cooperated with each other
  • The Reformation made Portugal the leading
    European power
  • Protestants went to the New World to escape
    persecution

11
  • Protestants went to the New World to escape
    persecution

12
  • During the sixteenth century which country
    dominated exploration of the New World?
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • England
  • France

13
  • Spain

14
  • The Indian population in the New World dropped
    from fifty million to four million in about one
    century primarily because of what?
  • Long wars with Europeans
  • Diseases brought by Europeans
  • Wars among Indian tribes
  • famine

15
  • Diseases brought by Europeans

16
  • The defeat of the Spanish Armada was significant
    in all of the following ways except that it
  • Marked the demise of Spanish power in the New
    World
  • Preserved Protestantism in England
  • Signaled the beginning of English power in the
    New World
  • Brought an end to the power of the Roman Catholic
    church

17
  • Brought an end to the power of the Roman Catholic
    church

18
  • The first permanent English settlement in America
    was
  • Roanoke Island
  • Jamestown
  • Florida
  • Nova Britannia

19
  • Jamestown

20
  • What early English colony was assisted by the
    Indian princess Pocohontas?

21
  • Jamestown

22
  • the pioneer of the Protestant Reformation

23
  • Martin Luther

24
  • Aztec Emperor

25
  • Montezuma

26
  • the sea dog who attacked Spanish ships in the
    New World

27
  • Francis Drake

28
  • sponsored two vain attempts to establish colonies
    on Roanoke Island

29
  • Walter Raleigh

30
  • Indian chief who threatened Jamestown

31
  • Powhatan

32
  • journeyed to China during the rule of Kublai Khan

33
  • Marco Polo

34
  • the first modern European to reach the Western
    Hemisphere

35
  • Christopher Columbus

36
  • discovered Newfoundland for the English

37
  • John Cabot

38
  • realized the discovery of a new Continent

39
  • Amerigo Vespucci

40
  • the first to circumnavigate the globe

41
  • Ferdinand Magellen

42
  • the English ruler who approved the colonization
    of North America

43
  • Elizabeth I

44
  • the captain whose discipline helped Jamestown to
    survive

45
  • John Smith

46
  • T/F Columbus believed until his death that he had
    reached Asia.

47
  • T

48
  • T/F Magellan returned to Spain aboard the
    Victoria after sailing around the world.

49
  • F

50
  • T/F Virginia was named in honor of Queen
    Elizabeth.

51
  • T

52
  • T/F The colony on Roanoke Island became known as
    the Lost Colony because its inhabitants
    disappeared without a trace.

53
  • T

54
  • T/F Starving time refers to the death of ninety
    percent of the Jamestown colonists during the
    winter of 1609-10.

55
  • T

56
  • Settlers came to America for all of the following
    reasons except
  • Religious freedom
  • Riches
  • Land
  • To fight in the British imperial army

57
  • To fight in the British imperial army

58
  • The major differences between Pilgrims and
    Puritans was over
  • Obedience to the Roman Catholic church
  • The issue of baptism
  • Staying in the Anglican church
  • The issue of godly living

59
  • Staying in the Anglican church

60
  • What was the primary motivation for the
    settlement of Massachusetts?
  • Religious freedom
  • Financial opportunity
  • Reform of debtors
  • Political freedom

61
  • Religious freedom

62
  • The Pilgrims left Holland because
  • The Dutch government banned their religion
  • The Dutch culture was harming the Pilgrims
    children
  • The Pilgrims were facing financial hardship
  • The Pilgrims wanted to separate from the Church
    of Holland

63
  • The Dutch culture was harming the Pilgrims
    children

64
  • The Puritan attitude toward the Anglican church
    was that they wanted
  • To separate from the church
  • To be left alone within the church
  • To stay in the church and improve it
  • To become the leaders in the church

65
  • To stay in the church and improve it

66
  • Which description does not apply to the Puritans?
  • Holy commonwealth
  • City on a hill
  • Community of believers
  • Separation of church and state

67
  • Separation of church and state

68
  • Connecticut differed from Massachusetts in that
    it
  • Had peace with the Indians
  • Did not require church membership for voting
  • Excluded Puritans
  • Had less attractive land

69
  • Did not require church membership for voting

70
  • Before the English came, New Jersey was settled
    by the
  • Dutch only
  • Portuguese only
  • Spanish and Portuguese
  • Swedes and Dutch

71
  • Swedes and Dutch

72
  • The House of Burgesses was
  • The first self-governing assembly in America
  • The home of the governor of Virginia
  • The financial backer of the Pennsylvania colony
  • The first church in Maryland

73
  • The first self-governing assembly in America

74
  • Roman Catholics found a refuge in which Colony?
  • Maryland
  • Georgia
  • Massachusetts
  • Delaware

75
  • Maryland

76
  • One purpose for the settlement of Georgia was to
  • Promote tobacco farming
  • Look for gold in America
  • Protect the colonies from Spain
  • Provide a refuge for Catholics

77
  • Protect the colonies from Spain

78
  • Who led a small group of Pilgrims to Plymouth on
    the Mayflower?

79
  • William Bradford

80
  • In what colony did the Quakers undertake a Holy
    Experiment?

81
  • Pennsylvania

82
  • T/F The Pilgrims were Separatists, not Puritans.

83
  • T

84
  • T/F Harvard was Americas first college.

85
  • T

86
  • T/F The Dutch fought the English fiercely for
    years over control of New Netherland.

87
  • F

88
  • T/F The first Africans to arrive in Jamestown
    were treated as indentured servants who could
    gain their freedom after a period of work.

89
  • T

90
  • The two largest non-English groups in America
    were
  • Germans and Swedes
  • Scotch-Irish and Germans
  • Scotch-Irish and French
  • Dutch and Germans

91
  • Scotch-Irish and Germans

92
  • The main reason the Scotch-Irish and Germans came
    to America was to
  • Search for gold
  • Start tobacco plantations
  • Fight the English
  • Escape religious intolerance

93
  • Escape religious intolerance

94
  • Scotch-Irish and German settlers
  • Occupied lands in the backcountry
  • Stayed mostly on the coast
  • Came to America in small numbers
  • Were outnumbered by the Swedes and French

95
  • Occupied lands in the backcountry

96
  • Pennsylvania Dutch were
  • Immigrants from New Netherland
  • Dutch settlers in the Middle Colonies
  • German immigrants who settles in Pennsylvania
  • Settlers in New York

97
  • German immigrants who settles in Pennsylvania

98
  • Women in America married earlier than women in
    Europe because
  • Life expectancy was shorter
  • Parents were more lenient
  • There were more men than women
  • There were more women than men

99
  • There were more men than women

100
  • Epidemics were more common in the
    eighteenth-century colonies because
  • Indians spread new diseases
  • Crowded cities helped to spread diseases
  • Medical knowledge was declining
  • New diseases arrived from Europe

101
  • Crowded cities helped to spread diseases

102
  • Infant death rated in the colonies were
  • The highest in the world at the time
  • As high as 50 of live births
  • Lower than Europe
  • Higher than Europe

103
  • Lower than Europe

104
  • An important native American food was
  • Rice
  • Coffee
  • Wheat
  • Corn

105
  • corn

106
  • Puritans emphasized education primarily because
    they wanted children to
  • Prepare for high-paying careers
  • Study the Bible
  • Learn self-discipline
  • Study the classics

107
  • Study the Bible

108
  • In education the Middle Colonies and the South
    lagged behind New England because
  • The cities were overcrowded
  • Parents did not value educations
  • The population was scattered in rural areas
  • The Germans and Scotch-Irish opposed schools

109
  • The population was scattered in rural areas

110
  • What new technique did Cotton Mather use against
    smallpox?

111
  • innoculation

112
  • What city established the first public library in
    America?

113
  • Charleston, SC

114
  • T/F The Great Philadelphia Wagon Road connected
    the port cities along the coast.

115
  • F

116
  • T/F English colonists were often prejudiced
    against the German settlers.

117
  • T

118
  • T/F Americas population increased tenfold during
    the eighteenth century.

119
  • T

120
  • T/F Children were an important labor source on
    colonial farms

121
  • T

122
  • T/F Most Southern planters lived in stately white
    mansions.

123
  • F

124
  • T/F The American Indians introduced the potato to
    North Americans.

125
  • F

126
  • T/F Among the three sections of the colonies,
    literacy was highest in the Southern Colonies.

127
  • F

128
  • T/F Barn raisings and quiltings allowed
    backwoodsmen to combine work and play.

129
  • T

130
  • What was the most influential religious movement
    in colonial America?
  • Puritanism
  • Lutheranism
  • Presbyterianism
  • Quakerism

131
  • Puritanism

132
  • What was the first non-Anglican religious group
    to settle in America?
  • Baptists
  • Pilgrims
  • Presbyterians
  • Quakers

133
  • Pilgrims

134
  • Most American Lutherans came from
  • Holland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Northern Ireland

135
  • Germany

136
  • The Huguenots came from
  • Holland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Northern Ireland

137
  • France

138
  • Which group rejected modern ways and desired
    little contact with outsiders
  • Anabaptists
  • Baptists
  • Pietists
  • Puritans

139
  • Anabaptists

140
  • What is a catechism?
  • Versions of the Psalms adapted for singing
  • A long pastoral prayer
  • A summary of doctrine in question-and-answer form
  • A long stick for waking up sleepy saints

141
  • A summary of doctrine in question-and-answer form

142
  • What two denominations grew most as a result of
    the Great Awakening?
  • Anglicans and Lutherans
  • Presbyterians and Baptists
  • Congregationalists and Moravians
  • German Reformed and Dutch Reformed

143
  • Presbyterians and Baptists

144
  • T/F Puritans believed that all Christians should
    leave the Church of England.

145
  • F

146
  • The puritans repented for the excesses of the
    Salem witch trials.

147
  • T

148
  • The Great Awakening lasted only two years.

149
  • F

150
  • The Great Awakening was the first truly national
    movement in American history.

151
  • T

152
  • Hornbook
  • New England Primer
  • Pennsylvania Dutch
  • Scotch-Irish
  • settler from Ulster.
  • settler from German areas.
  • a paddle-shaped board for reading.
  • standard school text in the colonial period.

153
  • What world war brought an end to French power
    in the New World?
  • French and Indian war
  • King Georges War
  • King Williams War
  • Queen Annes War

154
  • French and Indian war

155
  • What event sparked the French and Indian War?
  • A force commanded by George Washington clashed
    with the French near the forks of the Ohio River
  • The colonists called the Albany Congress
  • The British attacked Quebec
  • The French refused to honor the Treaty of Utrecht

156
  • A force commanded by George Washington clashed
    with the French near the forks of the Ohio River

157
  • the key campaign of the French and Indian War was
    the capture of
  • Fort Duquesne
  • Louisburg
  • Montreal
  • Quebec

158
  • Quebec

159
  • What peace treaty brought an end to the French
    and Indian War?
  • Albany Congress
  • Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
  • Treaty of Paris
  • Treaty of Utrecht

160
  • Treaty of Paris

161
  • One of the major reasons that the colonies were
    taxed after the French and Indian war was that
    the British
  • Wanted to punish the colonies for failing to help
    during the war
  • Wanted the colonies to rebel
  • Needed money to pay for the war
  • Wanted to ruin the colonial economy

162
  • Needed money to pay for the war

163
  • What as the crucial issue behind the War of
    Independence?
  • Stamp tax
  • Tea tax
  • An idealized view of liberty
  • Practical self-government

164
  • Practical self-government

165
  • What was a major accomplishment of the First
    Continental Congress?
  • To appoint a commander in chief
  • To assert the rights of the colonies to govern
    themselves
  • To petition the king to stop the abuses of
    Parliament
  • To raise a Continental army

166
  • To assert the rights of the colonies to govern
    themselves

167
  • The Saratoga campaign was an important victory
    for the Patriots because it
  • Brought France into the war
  • Brought peace
  • Raised the low morale of the army
  • Assured American control of the Northwest

168
  • Brought France into the war

169
  • What action did Bostons Patriots take in 1773
    when some British ships refused to take their tea
    back to England

170
  • Boston Tea Party

171
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Henry Knox
  • Valley Forge
  • Baron von Steuben
  • George Washington
  • commander in chief of the Continental army
  • the primary author of the Declaration of
    Independence
  • American ordinance chief who surprised the
    British by transporting heavy artillery to Boston
  • German drillmaster for the Continental army
  • the Continental armys winter headquarters during
    the dark winter of 1777-78

172
  • The American War of Independence was a revolution
    fundamentally different from the French and
    Russian revolutions

173
  • Which of the following principles was most
    strongly supported by the Articles of
    Confederation?
  • Separation of powers
  • Limited government
  • Balance of power
  • Federalism

174
  • Limited government

175
  • Which of the following disputes did the
    Confederation settle?
  • Representation
  • Slavery
  • Western lands
  • Trade

176
  • Western lands

177
  • What bicameral plan did the large states support
    at the Constitutional Convention?
  • New Jersey Plan
  • Connecticut Plan
  • Virginia Plan
  • Three-Fifths Compromise

178
  • Virginia Plan

179
  • What unicameral plan did the small states support
    at the Constitutional Convention?
  • New Jersey Plan
  • Connecticut Plan
  • Virginia Plan
  • Three Fifths Compromise

180
  • New Jersey Plan

181
  • What region was most concerned about granting the
    federal government control over trade?
  • East
  • Northwest
  • Middle States
  • South

182
  • South

183
  • In the original Constitution, who was elected
    directly by the people?
  • The president of the United States
  • Federal judges
  • Members of the Senate
  • Members of the House of Representatives

184
  • Members of the House of Representatives

185
  • Bicameral
  • Checks and balances
  • Federalism
  • Popular sovereignty
  • Separation of powers
  • Unicameral
  • a two-house Congress
  • a one-house Congress
  • the division of government into branches
  • a balance of power between the different branches
    of government
  • the division of power between national and state
    levels of government
  • belief that the ultimate source of governmental
    power is vested in the people

186
  • What issue first opened debate over
    constitutional interpretation?
  • Assumption of state debts.
  • The title of the president
  • Creation of a national bank
  • Salaries for Congressmen

187
  • Creation of a national bank

188
  • The Federalists strongly supported
  • States rights
  • Commerce
  • Farmers
  • Strict constructionism

189
  • Commerce

190
  • Jeffersonian Republicans strongly supported
  • Commerce
  • Industry
  • States rights
  • Centralized government

191
  • States rights

192
  • Tecumseh was a threat to the United States
    because he
  • Promoted torture and attacks on frontier women
    and children
  • Attempted to unite the Indian tribes into one
    nation
  • Preached against whiskey and the white mans ways
  • Gave the British detailed information about
    American forts

193
  • Attempted to unite the Indian tribes into one
    nation

194
  • Which of the following events occurred last?
  • The War of 1812
  • The Embargo Act
  • Macons Bill Number Two
  • The Louisiana Purchase

195
  • The War of 1812

196
  • What advantage did the United States enjoy at the
    beginning of the War of 1812?
  • A large standing army
  • A formidable fleet
  • American support for the war
  • British involvement in the Napoleonic Wars

197
  • British involvement in the Napoleonic Wars

198
  • What event led to the death of the Federalist
    party?
  • Hartford Convention
  • Embargo Act
  • Macons Bill Number Two
  • Chesapeake affair

199
  • Hartford Convention

200
  • What was the main provision of the Monroe
    Doctrine?
  • The United States would aid any Latin American
    country that asks for it
  • The United States would support any independence
    effort in the Western Hemisphere
  • No European country could intervene in the
    Western Hemisphere
  • The United States would no longer trade with any
    country that retains its trade restrictions

201
  • No European country could intervene in the
    Western Hemisphere

202
  • James Madison
  • Marbury v. Madison
  • John Marshall
  • Mad Anthony Wayne
  • Zebulon Pike
  • chief justice of the Supreme Court
  • won a major battle in Ohio against the Indians
  • explorer of the Great Plains
  • court decision that maintained it is
    emphatically the province and duty of the
    judicial department to say what the law is
  • president who oversaw the War of 1812

203
  • Which of the following was not an element of the
    American System?
  • tariff
  • internal improvements
  • world-class navy
  • national Bank

204
  • world-class navy

205
  • What issue lay at the heart of debate over the
    admission of Missouri as a state?
  • Missouris state constitution
  • the boundaries of Missouri
  • the route of the National Road
  • the balance of slave states in the Senate

206
  • the balance of slave states in the Senate

207
  • What presidential candidate used the slogan
    Tippecanoe and Tyler too?
  • John Quincy Adams
  • Martin Van Buren
  • William Henry Harrison
  • Andrew Jackson

208
  • William Henry Harrison

209
  • What party of The common man is still in
    existence today?

210
  • Democrats

211
  • John Quincy Adams
  • Henry Clay
  • William Henry Harrison
  • Andrew Jackson
  • John Tyler
  • the friend of the common man
  • the Great Compromiser who formulated the
    Missouri Compromise
  • president who won fewer popular votes than the
    candidate he defeated
  • supported states rights and unexpectedly became
    president when the president died
  • president whose administration lasted only one
    month
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