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Reconstruction: 1865-1877 What should we do with the Southern states ?

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Reconstruction: 1865-1877 What should we do with the Southern states ? PLAN 1: MODERATE REPUBLICAN PLAN (LINCOLN and his VP Andrew Johnson): 1. RESTORE the UNION ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reconstruction: 1865-1877 What should we do with the Southern states ?


1
Reconstruction 1865-1877What should we do with
the Southern states ?
  • PLAN 1
  • MODERATE REPUBLICAN PLAN (LINCOLN and his VP
    Andrew Johnson)
  • 1. RESTORE the UNION immediately WITHOUT a
    focus on the rights of free blacks

2
PLAN 2
  • RADICAL REPUBLICANS want
  • 1. To punish the SOUTH
  • 2. To guarantee rights for free blacks
  • Lincoln was politically powerful and the radicals
    could not do what they wanted at first

3
MODERATERECONSTRUCTION1862-1866
  • ABRAHAM LINCOLN
  • 10 PLAN Let Rebel States back in the Union when
    10 pledge loyalty
  • Restore the UNION QUICKLY!
  • 13th Amendment Abolishes slavery

LINCOLNS ASSASSINATION ACTUALLY HELPS FREE BLACKS
4
Problems with Lincolns Plan
  • Free Blacks do not get
  • Economic support
  • Protection from southern whites
  • Land and supplies to farm on their own
  • Lincoln was so eager to restore the Union he was
    willing to re-admit Southern states without
    guaranteeing the rights of free Blacks

5
MODERATE RECONSTRUCTION ends1866!
  • LINCOLN ASSASSINATED New Pres ANDREW JOHNSON
  • Wants to continue LINCOLNS PLAN
  • POLITICALLY WEAK!
  • JOHNSON LOSES CONTROL OF RECONSTRUCTION!!!!

6
RADICAL RECONSTRUCTION 1866-1876
  • Radicals gain control of Congress and
    RECONSTRUCTION
  • Override all of Johnsons vetoes
  • Johnson impeached but not convicted

7
Achievements of RADICAL RECONSTRUCTION
  • FREEDMANS BUREAU helps free blacks with food
    and housing
  • 14th Amendment EQUAL protection ALL CITIZENS
  • 15th Amendment Voting Rights ALL CITIZENS

8
Freedmens Bureau School
9
Black White Political Participation
Which states do you think had the first black
government officials?
10
TRIUMPHS OF RECONSTRUCTION
For a brief period -FREE Black men could vote
and hold office -Black men were even elected to
Congress
FREE Black men elected to the US Congress
11
Radical Reconstruction Falls Apart
  • 1877 US Army removed from the SOUTH.
  • White racist SOUTHERNERS TAKE Control of govt.
  • Ku Klux Klan (KKK) intimidates free Blacks
  • Southerners create BLACK CODES Laws that
    restrict the freedom of free blacks (almost like
    slavery)

12
BIGGEST FAILURE OF RADICAL RECONSTRUCTION
  • Blacks were given POLITICAL freedom but never
    ECONOMIC FREEDOM
  • Never got the supplies and training they needed
  • Never given 40 acres and a mule
  • Blacks were forced to go back to work for their
    former masters
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