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The Road to War Part 1

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The Road to War Part 1 United States Civil War In this lesson you will: Explore the reasons that our country became divided and entered into the Civil War. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Road to War Part 1


1
The Road to War Part 1
  • United States Civil War

2
In this lesson you will
  • Explore the reasons that our country became
    divided and entered into the Civil War.
  • At end of this activity you will write about the
    events that caused the Civil War.

3
Events Before the War 1849
4
Territories and States
  • By 1850 our nations territory stretched over
    forest, plain and mountain. Within these
    boundaries lived 23 million people in a union
    comprising 31 states.

5
Big Business
  • The Northern New England and the Middle Atlantic
    states were the main centers of manufacturing,
    commerce and finance. Principal products of these
    areas were textiles, lumber, clothing, machinery,
    leather and woolen goods.

6
Big Business
  • At the same time, shipping had reached new
    heights, and vessels flying the American flag
    sailed the oceans, distributing wares to all
    nations.
  • High tariffs made the South dependent on Northern
    goods.

7
Labor and King Cotton
  • The Souths economy centered on agriculture.
  • Tobacco was important, but cotton eventually
    became the dominant crop.
  • Slaves were used to cultivate all these crops,
    though cotton most of all.

8
The South
  • In 1793 Eli Whitney invented a machine called the
    cotton gin. It removed the seeds from the cotton
    fibers faster than workers could.
  • The south sold the cotton to textile mills in the
    North and in Europe.
  • It also created a demand for more slaves.

9
Slave States
  • One issue, however, divided the regional and
    economic differences between North and South
    slavery and states rights.

10
Slave States
Territories
Slave States
Free States
11
Plantation Slaves
  • Only a minority of Southern whites owned slaves.
    More than half of all slaves worked on
    plantations.

12
Plantation Owners
  • It is easy to understand the interest of the
    planters in slave holding, they owned most of the
    slaves.

13
Review
  • In what ways were the North and South different?
  • North
  • people were moving to cities to work in
    factories. More people than the south.
  • Ended slavery and opposed its spread west
  • South
  • Farming remained more important than industry
  • Allowed slavery
  • Main Idea life in the North changed from
    farming to factory based economy. The South
    remained a farming economy.

14
Additional Resources
  • A Day in the Life of A Slave
  • An Interview with a Slave (listen to a first-hand
    experience)
  • Civil War Quiz
  • American Civil War Homepage
  • Civil War Photographs
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