ANIMAL - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – ANIMAL PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 77cb44-ODg5N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

ANIMAL

Description:

Title: Slide 1 Author: HUMBLE ISD Last modified by: Student Created Date: 2/18/2010 4:23:40 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:12
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 28
Provided by: HUMB248
Learn more at: http://www.humbleisd.net
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: ANIMAL


1
ANIMAL FARM BACKGROUND NOTES
2
AUTHOR BACKGROUND
  • George Orwell is the penname or pseudonym for
    Eric Arthur Blair
  • Born in Bengal, India in 1903 while it was under
    Imperialist rule
  • His family was of the lower part of the
    upper-middle class

3
ORWELLS SCHOOLING
  • Attended everywhere on scholarship because of his
    familys financial struggles
  • Went on to Eton, but instead of continuing on
    with university classes he joins the Indian
    Imperial Police
  • His school experiences taught him about the
    inequality/oppression of social classes

4
IMPERIAL POLICE (BURMA, INDIA)
  • Gave him a view from the top as he enforced the
    law over the Indian citizens
  • Felt a growing anger towards his own class as an
    imperialist (continuing the cycle)
  • Resigns after 5 years and returns to London

1923Burma Provincial Police Training School,
Mandalay (Eric Blair standing third from the
left)
5
LONDON, PARIS, SPAIN
  • London Paris
  • works as a teacher, tutor, dishwasher
  • lives amongst the poor by choice
  • begins career as writer
  • changes name to protect parents
  • establishes political viewpoint
  • Spain
  • writes about Spanish Civil War, joins fight
  • sees the ills of communism

6
WHY I WRITE
  • Orwell wrote in 1946, every line of serious work
    that I have written since 1936 has been written,
    directly or indirectly, against Totalitarianism
    and for Democratic Socialism.

7
MOST KNOWN WORKS
  • Finished writing Animal Farm in 1943, but wasnt
    published until 1945 because the Soviet Union was
    an ally of Britain in WWII
  • Completed 1984 before his death in 1950 due to
    tuberculosis

8
ANIMAL FARM LITERARY TERMS
  • ALLEGORY
  • a narrative that can be read on more than one
    level. The events and characters have hidden or
    symbolic meanings
  • FABLE
  • a narrative that attempts to reinforce a truth or
    lesson by using animals as the main characters
  • PARABLE
  • a brief story teaching a moral or lesson
  • SATIRE
  • attacks a serious issue by presenting it in a
    ridiculous light or poking fun at it

9
  • Animal Farm is a literary metaphor of the human
    condition which brings together the important
    themes of
  • Politics
  • Truth and falsehood
  • God and religion
  • Human rights
  • Class conflict
  • Animal Farm was written as an allegory of the
    Russian Revolution and its aftermath.

10
ANIMAL FARM HISTORICAL PARALLELS
11
PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA
  • Nicholas II became Czar in 1884
  • Believed he was the absolute ruler anointed by
    God
  • Paid no attention to the Duma
  • Russo-Japanese War (1904) defeat led to
    political instability
  • Rapid growth of the discontented working class
  • Little help from the countryside because they
    were mainly impoverished peasants who had no
    individual land ownership and were dealing with
    rural famine
  • World War I is the last straw for many
    revolutionaries
  • Revealed the ineptitude and arrogance of the
    countrys aristocratic elite
  • Corrupt military leadership had contempt for
    ordinary Russian people
  • Average peasants had very little invested in the
    War

12
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
  • Began in 1917 as a conflict between the Russian
    proletariat (working class) and the bourgeoisie
    (owners/middle class)
  • The leaders of the revolution are Karl Marx and
    Vladimir Lenin
  • The March Revolution March 12th
  • Origins Food riots/strikes
  • Duma declared itself a Provisional Government
  • Czar ordered soldiers to intervene instead they
    joined the rebellionthe Czar thus abdicated the
    throne
  • The November Revolution November 17th
  • Lenin seized the Winter Palace, the seat of the
    Provisional Government
  • All private property was abolished and divided
    amongst the peasantry
  • The largest industrial enterprises were
    nationalized
  • Start of the Communist Party

13
CZAR NICHOLAS II
  • 1869-1918
  • Last of the Romanovs
  • A poor leader at best, compared to western kings
  • Cruel sometimes brutal with opponents
  • Sometimes kind hired students as spies to make
    money
  • After being forced to abdicate, he was executed
    by the Bolsheviks
  • Represented by Mr. Jones in the novel

14
KARL MARX
  • Known as the Father of Communism
  • Has a vision of ending the exploitation of man by
    man
  • Wants a classless society and worker owned
    factories and farms
  • Wrote Das Capital and Communist Manifesto
  • Most famous rallying cry for communism is the
    political slogan from CM Workers of the world
    unite!
  • Dies before the Russian Revolution

15
VLADIMIR LENIN
  • Lenin adopted Marxs ideas.
  • Believed that the bourgeoisie exploited workers
    and must therefore be overthrown
  • Involved in the Communist Party as the leader of
    the working class
  • Leader of Bolsheviks forces Czar to abdicate
    throne
  • Established Pravda because he understood the
    emotional impact of simple, powerful slogans
  • Changed Russias name to the Union of Sovereign
    Soviet Republics (USSR)

16
THE PIG, OLD MAJOR
  • Represents both

Vladimir Lenin
Karl Marx
17
LEON TROTSKY
  • Led the revolution along with Lenin and Stalin
  • Pure communist, followed Marx
  • He is an idealist
  • One that places a high goal over practical things
  • wanted to improve life for all in Russia
  • Noted as a brilliant speaker
  • Represented by the pig Snowball
  • A snowball is symbolic of purity and impermanence

18
JOSEPH STALIN
  • Didnt exactly follow Marxs ideas
  • Average speaker, not educated like Trotsky
  • Was ruthless in his desire for power, even
    killing those who would oppose him
  • Used the KGB and propaganda
  • Rewrote history and communist theories to
    benefit himself
  • Represented by the pig, Napoleon

19
TROTSKY STALIN
  • After Lenins death, Trotsky (Leader of Red Army)
    and Stalin (Lenins mouthpiece) compete for power
  • Stalin wins
  • Trotsky is exiled, deported, and later in his
    life assassinated
  • The exiled Trotsky was still very useful to
    Stalin as he now had Trotsky to blame for all the
    problems and difficulties that Russia suffered.

20
THE PIG SQUEALER
  • Part of Pravda, the propaganda department of the
    Communist government
  • Means truth
  • Also the name of their Communist newspaper
  • Worked for Stalin to support his image
  • Used any lie to convince the people to follow
    Stalin
  • Benefitted from the fact that education was
    controlled

21
THE WORK HORSE BOXER
  • Represents the common man of Russia or those
    dedicated, but tricked supporters
  • People believed Stalin because he was Communist
  • Many stayed loyal after it was obvious he was a
    tyrant
  • Considered the hardest working animal on farm
  • Motto I will work harder

22
THE RAVEN MOSES
  • Tells the animals of a magical place called
    Sugarcandy Mountain, a satire of heaven.
  • Represents Rasputin, mystic monk with hypnotic
    powers
  • Influenced the Czar and his wife, throwing the
    government into chaos
  • Also represents religion
  • Marx said it was the Opiate of the people
  • Religion was tolerated because it was used to
    make people not complain and do their work

23
THE DOGS
  • Represent the KGB or Secret Police
  • Not really police, but forced support for Stalin
  • Used force, often killed entire families for
    disobedience
  • Totally loyal

24
THE FARM OWNER,MR. PILKINGTON
THE FARM OWNER,MR. FREDERICK
  • Represents Prime Minister of England Winston
    Churchill
  • Represents German dictator Adolf Hitler

Will Animal Farm ally with Frederick or
Pilkington?
  • Stalin negotiated with both Germany and Great
    Britain.

25
THE DONKEY BENJAMIN
THE HORSE MOLLIE
  • Represents the skeptical people in and outside of
    Russia
  • Intellectual and Cynical
  • Werent sure revolution would change anything
  • Knew Communism wouldnt work with power
  • Could he represent Orwell?
  • Represents the bourgeoisie, the luxury lovers
  • Vain, selfish people
  • Went to other countries that offered more for
    them

26
THE SHEEP
THE CAT
  • Represent sneaky opportunists, who are people who
    take advantage of others for their own gain
  • Represent the masses, who blindly follow the
    leader

27
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com