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Introduction to Satire

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Title: Introduction to Satire


1
Introduction to Satire
2
Satire
  • What is satire?
  • A kind of writing that ridicules human weakness,
    vice or folly in order to bring about social
    reform
  • Q Why do you think humor makes social criticism
    more acceptable?

3
Elements of Satire
  • Exaggeration to enlarge beyond bounds or the
    truth (overstate). To enlarge or increase beyond
    the normal (overemphasize).
  • Hyperbole A figure of speech not intended to be
    taken literally.
  • Understatement representing in a weak or
    restrained way.
  • Irony the use of words to convey a meaning that
    is opposite of its literal meaning
  • Sarcasm A sharply ironical taunt
    sneering/cutting remark.

4
Parody
  • If satire is
  • A kind of writing that ridicules human weakness,
    vice or folly in order to bring about social
    reform
  • What is parody?
  • The imitation of a work of literature, art or
    music for amusement or instruction

5
Satire/Parody
  • In many cases, satire and parody overlap, but a
    satire is not always a parody.
  • A satire does not have to be comedic, while a
    parody almost always has some bit of humor
    involved in its creation.
  • Parodies imitate their subject, while imitation
    is not necessary in a satire.

Writing.com
6
Examples of Satire
  • The Simpsons
  • Family Guy
  • South Park
  • Scrubs
  • Political Cartoons

7
Examples of Parody
  • "Weird Al" Yankovic
  • Scary Movie
  • Shrek

8
Basic Types of Satire
  • Horation
  • Playful/sympathetic
  • Seeks to correct vice/foolishness
  • Gentle laughter/understanding
  • Then flashed the living lightening from her
    eyes,/And screams of horror rend the affrighted
    skies./Not louder shrieks to pitying heaven are
    cast,/When husbands, or when lapdogs breathe
    their last Alexander Pope, The Rape of the
    Lock
  • Juvenalian
  • Dark/bitter/angry
  • Criticizes corruption/incompetence with
    scorn/outrage
  • Jonathan Swift
  • Gullivers Travels
  • A Modest Proposal

9
Strategies for Reading Satire
  • Determine the object of satire. Custom/character
    laughed at undesirable part of society being
    criticized.
  • Note what is criticized in order to infer what
    satirist believes is right/wrong.
  • Watch for irony. Often points directly to object
    of satire.
  • Pay attention to anything exaggerated.
  • Evaluate type of satire (Horation vs. Juvenalian)

10
Closure
  • Questions
  • What is satire?
  • What is parody?
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