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Canine Artificial Insemination

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Canine Artificial Insemination Clinical Pathology Overview Reproduction can be as a part of a breeding program or accidental. For some dogs, natural breeding is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Canine Artificial Insemination


1
Canine Artificial Insemination
  • Clinical Pathology

2
Overview
  • Reproduction can be as a part of a breeding
    program or accidental.
  • For some dogs, natural breeding is unsuccessful
    and artificial methods are required.
  • Artificial Insemination (AI) is the process of
    collecting semen and depositing it through
    artificial means into the vagina of the receptive
    bitch.

3
Preclusions
  • AI is generally reserved for valuable purebred
    dogs that are unable to conceive through natural
    means due to various problems.
  • Abnormal vulvar or vaginal conformation
  • Aggression
  • Male has poor sex drive or weakness or pain when
    mounting due to arthritis or prostatic disease
  • Geographic constraints

4
AI process
  • Begins with collection of semen from male.
  • Semen can be used fresh (chilled and used within
    24 hours) or frozen.
  • More processing of semen, less likely it will
    result in fertilization.
  • A semen extender fluid can be added to nourish
    semen (different extenders for fresh or frozen
    semen)

5
Amount of semen needed
  • Depends on the size of the female
  • Bitches less than 10 lbs need 1.5-3 mls of semen
    per insemination.
  • Bitches 10-50 lbs need 3-5 mls of semen
  • Bitches over 50 lbs need 5-8 mls of semen

6
Remember to evaluate semen
  • Looking for
  • Normal forward or progressive motility
  • Normal morphology
  • Normal numbers

7
When to inseminate
  • Can conclude best times based on vaginal cytology
    or through progesterone levels.
  • The goal of breeding is to inseminate the bitch
    four days before ovulation and then every two
    days until the final insemination at two days
    after ovulation (this results in maximum litter
    size).

8
Insemination
  • Differences due to life span of type of semen
    utilized.
  • Frozen semen only lives for a few hours after
    thawing and insemination.
  • Chilled semen lives for about 5 days in the
    bitch.
  • Fresh semen lives for about 6 days in the bitch.

9
Insemination continued
  • Once prepared, the semen can be deposited either
    in front of the cervix or just inside the uterus.
  • Samples deposited just in front of the cervix
    result in the best success.
  • Placement of the semen into the proper area of
    the reproductive tracgt requires some specialized
    equipment.
  • Long pippettes are commercially available.

10
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11
Insemination directions
  • Male should not be around the female.
  • Hold the female in a standing position.
  • Draw the appropriate amount of semen into a
    sterile syringe and attach this to the
    appropriate pipette.
  • Pipette is then guided into the upper vagina by a
    gloved, lubricated finger inserted into the
    vaginal canal.
  • Semen is deposited

12
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13
Insemination directions continued
  • Syringe is filled with air, and remaining semen
    is injected after initial push of the syringe.
  • Pipette is removed, but finger is not.
  • Vaginal wall is stimulated with inserted finger
    for several minutes
  • Finger is removed.
  • Rear of dog is elevated for 5-10 minutes.
  • DO NOT PUSH ABDOMEN!!
  • DO NOT ALLOW DOG TO SQUAT!!
  • Do not allow to urinate or jump for 30-60
    minutes.
  • Female can return to normal activity after one
    hour.

14
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15
Surgical insemination
  • Uterus is exposed, the semen sample is introduced
    into the uterus by a needle and syringe.
  • Not the most effective method but may be required.

16
Results
  • Natural breeding there is 80-95 success rate of
    pregnancy
  • With AI using fresh semen, 62-100 success rate
  • With AI using chilled semen, 59-80 success rate.
  • With AI using frozen semen deposited into the
    vagina, 52-60 success rate.
  • With AI using frozen semen deposited into the
    uterus, 0-80 success rate.

17
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18
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vqxXlniylh5g
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