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Chapter 6:ii (part one-Punic Wars) Expansion and Crisis

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Title: Chapter 6:ii (part one-Punic Wars) Expansion and Crisis


1
Chapter 6ii (part one-Punic Wars)Expansion and
Crisis
2
To protect themselves, Rome either conquered or
allied with their neighbors.
  • (Image source Gino Galuppini, Warships of the
    World, An Illustrated Encyclopedia, Time Books,
    Random House, 1996.)

3
Most of Romes success in expansion was
attributed to their warfare styles. The backbone
of their army was the Legion, organized around
smaller groups than other traditional armies.
4
In the army, discipline was harsh and the men
were well trained. They treated conquered people
very well, often allowing them to keep their own
governments.
5
The First Punic War 264-241 BC
6
Carthage, on the North African coast, threatened
to seize the Straits of Messina and cut off Roman
trade. When Rome sent a force to secure it, a
full scale war erupted.
7
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8
Carthage held their own until Rome developed new
naval tactics and forced Carthage to pay an
indemnity ( cash money) to end the war.
9
Second Punic War 221-202 BC
In 221 BC, a young Carthiginian general named
Hannibal captured a Spanish town that had been
allied with Rome. He then took the new war into
Italy.
Stylin and profilin!
10
Hannibal lost half of his 40,000 men and 39 of
his 40 elephants to cold, attacks, hunger, and
sickness as he crossed the Alps.
11
For more than 20 years, Hannibal ravaged the
Italian peninsula, defeating many Roman armies.
Finally the Roman General Scipio Africanus forced
Hannibal to return to Africa by attacking
Carthage.
12
By forcing Hannibal to fight where he was not
prepared to fight, Scipio defeats him at Zama,
near Carthage, ending the 2nd Punic War.
13
Third Punic War 152 BC 50 years later, Rome
decided to force war on Carthage to finally
destroy their mortal enemy. Carthago delenda
est!!
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