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The Punic Wars

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The Punic Wars Rome v. Carthage, 264-146 BC Carthage was a colony of the Phoenicians and controlled much of the island of Sicily Main cause of Punic Wars was ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Punic Wars


1
The Punic Wars
2
Rome v. Carthage, 264-146 BC
  • Carthage was a colony of the Phoenicians and
    controlled much of the island of Sicily
  • Main cause of Punic Wars was competition for
    Mediterranean trade
  • Control of Sicily

3
Advantages Carthage Rome
  • Large Size
  • Huge navy
  • Great wealth from trade
  • Mercenary army
  • (paid soldiers who might not be loyal to
    Carthage)
  • Smaller army of loyal citizen soldiers
  • Warfare their specialty
  • Recent success controlling the Italian peninsula

4
1st Punic War - 264 to 241 BC
  • Fought for control of Sicily the Mediterranean
  • Most battles at sea
  • - Carthage had superior navy
  • - Rome builds a navy by copying shipwrecked
    Carthaginian warship
  • Results Rome defeats Carthage receives island
    of Sicily

5
The Corvus (Latin for raven or crow)
  • Crane/plank on a Roman ship that turned naval
    battle into a land battle

6
2nd Punic War - 218 BC
  • Carthaginian military genius Hannibal
  • Led 50,000 infantry, 9,000 cavalry, 60
    elephants to invade conquer Rome
  • Traveled through Spain, France, the Alps
    lost half his men, elephants
  • Strategy was to convince Roman allies to join
    Carthage

7
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8
2nd Punic War (Cont.)
  • For 10 years, battled up and down the Italian
    peninsula
  • - Hannibal his men lived off the land by
    stealing
  • - Never able to capture Rome

9
Battle of Cannae
10
2nd Punic War (cont.)
  • Scipio Roman general against Hannibal
  • - Planned to invade Carthage to force Hannibal
    to leave Italy return to N. Africa
  • Defeated Hannibal in 202 BC Battle of Zama

11
Battle of Zama
Scipio Africanus
Hannibal
Hannibal and Scipio meet before the battle
12
3rd Punic War 149 to 146 BC
  • Cato the Elder of Rome Carthage should be
    destroyed!
  • Rome invades Carthage as revenge for Hannibals
    invasion of Italy
  • Carthage is seized burned 50,000 inhabitants
    are sold into slavery

13
Rome dominates Mediterranean by 70 BC
  • East conquered Macedonia, Greece, Anatolia
  • West as far as Spain
  • Republic dominates the . . . known world
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