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USOS COMUNES DE CACAO

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Title: USOS COMUNES DE CACAO Author: BDD Translations Last modified by: Sylvie Created Date: 7/25/2010 8:07:31 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: USOS COMUNES DE CACAO


1
THE CUSTOMARY USE OF COCOA BY THE KUNA INDIANS
  • THE SPIRITUAL WORLD
  • THE MATERIAL WORLD

2
The Cacao Tree
3
THE FRUIT OF THE CACAO TREE
4
THE CULTURAL, SPIRITUAL AND DIETARY IMPORTANCE OF
COCOA
  • Cocoa plays a very important role in ceremonies
    and it is also used in all sorts of different
    ways in every day life.
  • All the plants, all the animals and all objects
    are beings with which the Kuna live in the
    universe.
  • For the Kuna Indians, the universe is divided
    into two the spiritual world and the material
    world.

5
The Cultural, Spiritual and Dietary Importance of
Cocoa
  • The fruit of the cacao tree is totally integrated
    in the Kuna cosmology.
  • It is reputed to be one of the first plants that
    the creator sent to Earth and was invested with
    great powers and spiritual strength in order to
    make the lives of the Kuna Indians more
    comfortable.

6
The use of cocoa as a medicine
7
The use of cocoa as a medicine
  • All the healing practices carried out by the
    INADULED, medical herbalists, are accompanied by
    invocations to the Gods using cocoa beans.
  • When the INADULED visit a patient, they sing
    songs about cocoa (CIA-IGALA) and make lots of
    smoke by roasting cocoa beans in a ceramic bowl
    called CIA-NALA.

8
A Kuna woman drinking cocoa just before giving
birth.
9
A cocoa drink is reputed to purify infants and
keep them in good health.
10
The use of cocoa during pregnancy and child-birth
  • Cocoa plays an important role in making
    child-birth easier and it helps to avoid
    complications.
  • The future mother drinks her cocoa at four
    oclock in the morning facing east.
  • Birth is reputed to be quicker and easier and the
    child in better health because of the cocoa in
    his blood (CIAGUA).

11
The use of cocoa during the puberty ceremonies of
maiden Kuna girls.
12
The use of cocoa during the puberty ceremony
  • The puberty ceremony of a young Kuna girl takes
    place when she has her first period. The ceremony
    lasts for 4 days.
  • After these 4 days, the body of the maiden girl
    is painted using a drink made from a cocoa pod
    that has been cut from a tree celebrated
    according to the rites described below and called
    JAGUA.
  • In order to earn the right to be called JAGUA,
    the person who collects the JAGUA takes his
    CIANAR or ritual ceramic bowl to the cacao tree,
    burns 8 cocoa beans in it and surrounds the tree
    with the smoke.

13
The use of cocoa for cutting hair.
14
The use of cocoa during the ceremony of cutting
hair
  • A young Kuna has her hair cut during an important
    ceremony that lasts for 3 days.
  • During these 3 days great celebrations are held,
    bathed in chicha.
  • During these 3 days, the smoke that is obtained
    by burning cocoa beans protects against dangers,
    curses and unfortunate happenings.

15
The use of cocoa when searching for KAMMU (flute)
16
The use of cocoa when searching for KAMMU
  • The traditional Kuna flute is able to communicate
    with the ocean and to pacify it, to appease
    earthquakes and bad spirits.
  • In order to collect the bamboo that is necessary
    to make the flute, the Kuna have to travel far to
    the only place where the bamboo grows.
  • Once they have arrived, the person designated to
    cut down the bamboo has to burn 8 cocoa beans in
    order to obtain stalks of the best quality.

17
The use of cocoa to prevent illness.
18
The use of cocoa at the start of an epidemic or
when people are sick
  • The start of an illness or an epidemic will be
    treated by an ABSOGUET (the person who speaks)
    during a ceremony that lasts for 8 days.
  • The ABSOGUET enters into a trance and the wooden
    statuettes, which represent the good spirits,
    take him to the place where the demon who started
    the epidemic lives.
  • By using the smoke obtained from burning cocoa,
    he can capture the demon and try to keep him in
    his house, thereby reducing the epidemic.

19
Cocoa butter made from achiote (rocou)
20
MADUN (made with cocoa and ripe banana)
21
The use of cocoa when someone has died
22
The use of cocoa at burials
23
The use of cocoa when someone has died and after
burial
  • When a Kuna is born, cocoa helps to revive the
    new-born and when a Kuna dies cocoa is used to
    direct his spirit to heaven.
  • Cocoa is used when someone has died to protect
    the family and the members of the community
    against illness.
  • When the undertaker comes back from the sacred
    mountain, he burns cocoa again, but this time
    mixed with garlic.
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