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Human Rights-Based Approach to Programming - UNFPA -


Human Rights-Based Approach to Programming - UNFPA - SESSION 6: Emergency Response The limited capacity and unwillingness of the government to commit resources to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Rights-Based Approach to Programming - UNFPA -

Human Rights-Based Approach to Programming-
  • Emergency Response

Session Overview
  • Introduction to UNFPAs work in emergency
    preparedness, humanitarian response and
    post-crisis recovery and transition
  • UNFPAs general principles
  • The four phases
  • Natural disasters
  • UNFPAs focus areas for reproductive health
  • UNFPAs focus areas for gender
  • UNFPAs focus areas for population and
  • Conclusions

  • Central role of promoting data collection,
    reproductive health and rights, gender equality
    and womens empowerment in humanitarian
  • Goals to build knowledge of and commitment to
  • importance of gender and reproductive health and
    reproductive rights issues in crisis and
  • improve technical and institutional capacities to
    incorporate principles from ICPD into emergency
    preparedness, response and recovery

UNFPAs General Principles
  • Committed to promotion and protection of human
    rights during emergency response, regardless of
    the type of emergency
  • Whether political crisis, natural disaster, or
    post-conflict situation, UNFPA guided by human
    rights and principles noted in CEDAW, the ICPD
    Programme of Action, and Resolutions 1308, 1325
    and 1820 of the Security Council

The Four Phases
  • Emergency preparedness and contingency planning
  • Acute emergency response
  • Chronic humanitarian situations
  • Transition and recovery

A HRBA to Emergency Response
  • Added value of a HRBA to emergency response
  • strengthening UN and government accountability to
    affected populations
  • promoting participation and inclusion, thereby
    reinforcing a culturally sensitive approach
  • responding in a non-discriminatory manner to
    reduce disproportionate impact of emergencies on
    most vulnerable subpopulations

UNFPAs Role in Humanitarian Reform
  • Three elements of humanitarian reform
  • cluster approach
  • humanitarian coordinators
  • Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)
  • UNFPA is co-responsible for three areas in
    existing clusters
  • reproductive health (Cluster health)
  • gender mainstreaming (Cluster Early recovery)
  • prevention and response to gender-based violence
    (with UNICEF) (Protection Cluster)
  • UNFPA is also a lead agency for mainstreaming
    gender across all clusters

Accountability and Rule of Law in Humanitarian
  • Disseminating and sharing findings with
    rights-holders and duty-bearers
  • Establishing redress mechanisms for survivors of
    sexual and other forms of violence
  • Zero-tolerance policy Supporting the obligation
    of the UN to those receiving humanitarian

HRBA and Natural Disasters
  • Applying same fundamental HR concepts and
    principles when supporting a family planning
    programme or assisting in a post-conflict setting
  • Participatory and inclusive HRBA promotes
    understanding of local knowledge and traditional
    warning systemsa critical aspect of natural
    disaster response
  • Be familiar with available guidelines and tools
    for natural disasters, such as the IASC
    Operational Guidelines on Human Rights and
    Natural Disasters

UNFPAs Focus Areas for Population and
Development in Emergencies
  • Collection of data on partners capacities and
    available service providers
  • Rapid assessments
  • Post-conflict evaluation

UNFPAs Focus Areas for Reproductive Health in
  • Protecting and promoting reproductive health and
    rights in emergency and post-emergency settings
  • Supporting programmes to increase access,
    availability , acceptability and quality to
    emergency sexual and reproductive health services
  • Reinforcing the capacities of survivors to claim
    their rights to be assisted and protected

UNFPAs Focus Areas for Gender in Emergencies
  • Protection of women and girls who are survivors
    of gender-based violence
  • Supporting programmes to increase access,
    availability , acceptability and quality to
    medical, psychosocial support and legal services
  • Capacity-building of womens and community
    organizations to promote and protect rights.

Conclusion The Value Added of a HRBA in
Emergency Response (1)
  • UNFPA recognizes and accounts for different
    emergency phases and types of emergencies at
  • Fundamental elements of a HRBA apply to the
    response regardless of the phase or type of
    crisis or activity.
  • Challenges are raised for programming in
    emergency/chronic humanitarian situationsBUT a
    HRBA can still be implemented.

Conclusion The Value Added of a HRBA in
Emergency Response (2)
  • UNFPA supports government efforts to promote
    accountability and transparency by working with
    its partners to quickly disseminate the findings
    of rapid health and mortality assessments and
    fact-finding missions to the government and local
  • Ensuring the inclusion and participation of local
    groups in emergency response activities helps
    UNFPA promote a more culturally sensitive
    response by providing valuable insight about the
    value systems and social hierarchies of those
    communities living in humanitarian crises.

Conclusion The Value Added of a HRBA in
Emergency Response (3)
  • UNFPA assists partners in taking steps to
    recognize and combat social stigmas and other
    forms of inequality faced by vulnerable groups
    that are often exacerbated in emergency
    situations to ensure equality and

Conclusion The Value Added of a HRBA in
Emergency Response (4)
  • Some of the biggest challenges faced by UNFPA in
    humanitarian emergencies
  • - the limited capacity and unwillingness of
    the government to commit resources to sexual and
    reproductive health and other services
  • Important long-term components
  • - increasing budgets for excluded groups
  • - working to translate this commitment into
    available, accessible, acceptable and high
    quality services

Conclusion The Value Added of a HRBA in
Emergency Response (5)
  • UNFPA collaborates with large number of
    NGOs/CSOs, UN agencies, government offices and
    international humanitarian groups when responding
    to emergencies
  • Given indivisibility, interdependence and
    interrelatedness of human rights, diverse group
    of actors are required to respond to the
    different but linked human rights that require
  • Application of the key HR principles, as well as
    the 3AQ elements, can facilitate and strengthen
    UNFPAs humanitarian response work