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narrative, discourse, and psychology

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narrative, discourse, and psychology Michael Bamberg NOT Narrative Psychology Discursive Psychology Relational Psychology Dialogic Science – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: narrative, discourse, and psychology


1
narrative, discourse, and psychology
Michael Bamberg
  • NOT
  • Narrative Psychology
  • Discursive Psychology
  • Relational Psychology
  • Dialogic Science
  • Promises of turns to Discourse Narrative
  • Methodological implications
  • what counts as data
  • how to analyze those data
  • Problems

APA 2006 Division 24 Theory Philosophy
2
Turn to narrative discourse
  • Taking issue with three dilemmas
    (aporias/illusions?)
  • the identity dilemma
  • How can we construct ourselves as same in the
    face of constant change?
  • the uniqueness dilemma
  • How can we construct ourselves as (radically)
    different (same) from others in the face of
    commonality/sameness (difference)?
  • the construction dilemma (whos in charge?)
  • How can we construct ourselves in light of being
    constantly (or always-already) constructed?
  • world-to-person direction of fit
  • person-to-world direction of fit
  • Integration Differentiation
  • ltdevelopment as perspectivegt

3
the depiction of ambiguity
  • lenses and dialectics
  • figure ground ltlteffort for meaninggtgt
  • what makes the vase makes the two faces
  • what/who is behind taking a particular
    perspective?

4
the construction business
  • Viewing the person as actively agentively
    involved
  • Taking the personal, local, subjective
    perspective
  • Taking the communal, social and historical as
    built into the local, contextual practices
  • Viewing identity as constantly (re-)constructed
    (and open to change)
  • With communicative (discursive) practices as the
    sites where these constructions take place -
    where a sense of self and a sense of the other
    emerge -where a sense of constancy change can
    co-exist

5
Discourse
  • Two traditions
  • A more cognitive/conceptual orientation
  • as interested in the discursive devices (formal
    properties)
  • as resources or as products? Discourse
    Processes
  • A more constructionist/process oriented
    perspective
  • as interested in the production of formal devices
    and repertoires - how these devices are made use
    of ((their contextual and emergent properties))
    Discourse Studies Discourse Society
  • Both with different research agenda

6
Discourse - perspective II narrative as a
special kind of discourse
  • discourse - talk - interaction
  • as real as possible
  • real - mundane, everyday, situated
    (contextual), local, communal practices
  • thats where notions (illusions?) of selves,
    continuity, differences ( sameness uniquiness)
    come together (emerge)
  • with talk as the central site

7
The centrality of discourse
  • Talk/Discourse
  • grammar/syntax lexicon pronunciation
    intonation (contours) (prosody) segmentation
    (pauses, silences) gaze gestures bodies
  • discourse über alles - not everything is
    discourse
  • phenomena analyzed (in concert) in the service of
    doing talk in order to do interactive,
    relational, conversational, dialogic business ---
    within which these impressions of sameness,
    continuity difference, otherness emerge - as
    interactional accomplishments
  • A radically empirical program

8
Narrative the narrative perspective
  • Choice between two perspectives
  • A more cognitive/conceptual orientation
  • as interested in lives and experiences of people
  • as resources or as products?
  • A more constructionist/process oriented
    perspective
  • as interested in the production of lives and
    experiences - and sense of self as a process
  • Both with different research agenda

9
Narrative - perspective I
  • Stories and a sense of self (identity/subjectivi
    ty)
  • In stories people come to express (re-present)
    their experience/life and through that their
    sense of continuity change (the unity of
    character, time place - formed into a coherent
    whole)
  • consisting of ltpartlygt pre-formed ltsocially
    availablegt plot lines with individually
    experienced events woven into them
  • In stories people form/construct their sense of
    continuity (stories as facilitators to form
    representations of self as coherent) - a more
    constructivist view
  • Both pay little attention to the situated,
    interactive, local dimensions of discourse
  • Narrative as a discourse genre (perspective II)
  • stories as accomplishing interactive business

10
Narrative as discursive practices - perspective II
  • stories as interactive (dialogical) accounting
  • language forms and discursive devices used to
    accomplish interactive accounting
  • interviews (clinical or biographic) no
    exception!
  • no direct link from the use of particular
    language/discourse to the mind/inner self
  • all interpretation has to go through an analysis
    of the devices used to accomplish local,
    interactive business
  • dealing more with the non-interview-elicited
    conversations

11
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