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HIV/AIDs Possible Treatments (Stem cell)


HIV/AIDs Possible Treatments (Stem cell) Garrett Reid Block 3 (Jensen) The disease The Immune System (Immunodeficiency) Specifically: Helper T-Cells, Macrophages ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HIV/AIDs Possible Treatments (Stem cell)

HIV/AIDsPossible Treatments (Stem cell)
Garrett Reid Block 3 (Jensen)
The disease
  • The Immune System (Immunodeficiency)
  • Specifically Helper T-Cells, Macrophages, and
    dendritic cells
  • AIDS (Not HIV) is what leads to death
  • Causes a total shut down of the bodys immune
  • AIDS doesnt kill you
  • HIV causes symptoms
  • Fever, rash, muscles aches and swollen lymph
    nodes and glands
  • How many people in the US and/or world
  • Estimates vary, 1,000,000 in US alone
  • 31.3 Million adults and 2.1 million children
    World Wide
  • There is an upside

  • In the healthy body
  • When an antigen enters the body helper T-Cells
    bind to the MHCs of the foreign body signaling
    its destruction
  • After this, the body is programmed towards the
    antigens destruction should it enter the body

Best current treatment
  • Because HIV/AIDS can mutate and become immune to
    treatments at an accelerated pace, most
    treatments involve a chemical cocktail
  • 47 (give or take) different medications
  • Not a simple method
  • This treatment carries with it many complications
  • Patients play the side effect game
  • The chemical compounds are a burden on the body
  • Extremely large structures
  • Designed now so the body to not be able to break
    it down
  • Intended to extend the length of treatment

Stem Cell Treatment
  • HIV has been found to cause an associated form of
    Lymphoma (both Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkins)
  • Treatments pertaining to this include a full
    irradiation of the body and using a stem
    cell/bone marrow transplant to help the body
  • Stem Cells being used in these treatments are
    Peripheral blood stem cells
  • Also, studies have shown that some people have a
    protein aimed towards slowing the spread of HIV,
    what doctors have begun to do