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Tobacco and its Dangers

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Tobacco and its Dangers Objectives Students will be able to name the three major chemicals in tobacco and know the dangers of using tobacco. What is a Drug? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tobacco and its Dangers


1
Tobacco and its Dangers
2
Objectives
  • Students will be able to name the three major
    chemicals in tobacco and know the dangers of
    using tobacco.

3
What is a Drug?
  • Definition Any substance, natural or artificial,
    other than food, that by its chemical nature
    alters structure or function in the living
    organism.
  • ? To Think About
  • Is tobacco a drug?

4
Facts About Smoking
  • 434,000 Americans die every year from smoke
    related illnesses
  • The death rate from heart disease is 70 higher
    for smokers than for nonsmokers
  • Over 80 of lung cancer cases are caused by
    smoking
  • An estimated 50,000 nonsmokers die each year from
    exposure to tobacco smoke released in the air by
    smokers

5
The Chemicals of Tobacco
  • There are more than 4,000 chemicals in tobacco
    and more than 400 of them are poisonous
  • Some of these chemicals include Acetone (finger
    nail polish remover), Butane (lighter fluid),
    Hydro. Cyanide (used in gas chamber), Ammonia
    (cleaning products), etc.

6
3 Major Chemicals
  • Nicotine a psychoactive chemical (causes change
    in a persons mood and behavior) that causes an
    addiction.
  • Tar solid matter in tobacco smoke that condenses
    into a thick liquid.
  • Carbon Monoxide a poisonous gas released by
    burning tobacco.

7
Risks to Major Body Parts
  • Brain
  • Restricts oxygen flow and causes narrowing of
    blood vessels of the brain, which can lead to
    stroke
  • Lungs
  • Dramatically increases the risk of lung cancer
    and emphysema
  • Heart
  • Increases heart rate and BP, Constricts blood
    vessels which can lead to a heart attack

8
Risks to Major Body Parts Cont.
  • Stomach
  • Ulcers
  • Intestines
  • Ulcers in the small intestine
  • Bladder
  • Cancer of the bladder

9
Smoking and Disease
  • Cancer a disease caused by cells that have lost
    normal growth controls and that invade and
    destroy healthy tissue.
  • Lung cancer is the most common. Others include,
    cancer of the larynx, esophagus, bladder, kidney
    and pancreas.
  • Respiratory Disease
  • Chronic Bronchitis inflammation of the bronchial
    tubes which leads to the production of excessive
    mucus.
  • Emphysema tiny air sac of the lungs lose their
    elasticity and cause a constant shortness of
    breath.

10
Other Uses of Tobacco
  • Pipes
  • Cigars
  • Smokeless Tobacco
  • Chewing Tobacco
  • Snuff

11
Deciding to Quit
  • Stages of Change
  • Precontemplation
  • Contemplation
  • Preparation
  • Action
  • maintenance

12
Final Thoughts
  • Do you think tobacco is a drug?
  • Are you still willing to use or try tobacco?
  • Say Cheezzz!!!

13
  • Put yourself in a situation where you have a
    friend who is using illegal drugs. (at least 1/2
    a page)
  • What would you do?
  • What questions would you ask?
  • Who would you tell?
  • Are you going to let them continue to take drugs?
  • What action would you take?
  • What if they offered you drugs?
  • Would you be willing to lose a friend?

14
  • READ CH. 12 LESSON 4
  • When you are finished, take notes on the 4 stages
    of alcoholism.
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