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Title:

Production Planning

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Production planning and control is the organization and planning of the manufacturing process. It co-ordinates supply and movement of materials and labor, ensures ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 3 September 2018
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Title: Production Planning


1
Production Planning Control
  • Production planning and control is the
    organization and planning of the manufacturing
    process.
  • It co-ordinates supply and movement of materials
    and labor, ensures economic and balanced
    utilization of machines and equipment as well as
    other activities related with production to
    achieve the desired manufacturing results in
    terms of quantity, quality, time and place.

2
Production Planning Control
  • There are three stages in PPC
  • Planning The choice from several alternatives
    of the best utilizing the available resources to
    achieve the desired objective .
  • Operations Performance in accordance with
    details set out in production plan.
  • Control The monitoring of performance through a
    feed back by comparing the results achieved with
    planned targets so that performance can be
    improved. .

3
Objective of PPC
  • To deliver goods in required quantities to
    customers in required delivery schedule.ion
  • To ensure maximum utilization of all resources
  • To ensure production quality products
  • To minimize the product throughput time
  • To maintain optimum level inventory
  • To maintain flexibility in manufacturing
    operations
  • Coordinate between labour and machines and
    various supporting departments

4
Functions of PPC
  • Routing
  • Estimating
  • Scheduling
  • Loading
  • Dispatching
  • Expediting
  • Evaluating
  • Inventory Control

5
Levels of PPC
  • Strategic Planning(Long range) It is process of
    thinking though the organizations current
    mission and environment and setting a guide for
    future decisions and results. e.g. Technology
    forecasting and choice of appropriate technology
    for the long range time horizon.
  • Tactical Planning(Intermediate Range) It is done
    over an intermediate term or medium range time
    horizon by middle level management. These plans
    focus on aggregate products rather than
    individual products.
  • Operational Planning(Short Range ) It is done
    over a short range time span developed by junior
    level management. It is concern with utilization
    of existing facilities rather than creation of
    new facilities.

6
Benefits of PPC
  • PPC coordinates all the phases of production /
    Operating system
  • An efficient plan results in higher quality
    ,better utilization of resources, reduced
    inventories, better customer services.
  • An efficient plan enable the firm to improve its
    sales turnover , market share and profitability.

7
Limitations of PPC
  • PPC function is based on certain assumptions or
    forecasts of customers demand, Plant capacity,
    availability of materials etc
  • Employee may resist change in production levels
    set as per production plans.
  • This process is time consuming when we need to
    carry out routing and scheduling function for
    large products.
  • This function become difficult when environmental
    factors changes rapidly.
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