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JAPAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY

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Title: JAPAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY Author: Northwest ISD Last modified by: Melissa Mapes Created Date: 5/11/2010 5:47:37 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: JAPAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY


1
JAPAN IN THE 20TH CENTURY
2
Japan before WWII
  • In the 1630s Japan, under Tokugawa Ieyasu,
    closed the doors to European settlements to free
    Japan of European influences.
  • Christians were ordered to leave the country.
  • Most European trade was banned
  • This continued for almost 200 years
  • China was Japans main trading partner
  • Early Japanese lived in kingdoms organized around
    clans--groups of families who trace their descent
    from a common ancestor. They were each led by a
    chief that inherited the position.

3
Commodore Matthew Perry
  • In 1853, American naval vessels landed on Japan
    under the command of Commodore Matthew Perry.
  • 200 years of Japanese isolation ended with
    Perrys show of force to open Japan to Western
    contact.

4
OPENING JAPAN
5
  • In 1867 a group of samurai overthrew the
    Shogunate and restored the emperor as the head of
    government.
  • 1868-1911 is known as the Meiji Restoration a
    time when the Japanese built modern cities and
    developed the economy.
  • They grew wealthy and powerful and assumed
    control of Taiwan, Korea and Manchuria.

6
Japan at War
  • During WWI Japan joined the Allied forces and
    was able to expand its holdings of ex-German
    colonies in the Pacific.
  • Following the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923 and
    then the Great Depression, Japan was taken over
    my the military in the 1930s.

7
Japan in the 1930s
8
Japan and China
  • Japan invaded China in 1937 beginning a long war
    there while strengthening ties with Nazi Germany
    and Fascist Italy.
  • The United States placed a trade embargo on Japan
    for oil because of this.
  • Japan retaliated by bombing Pearl Harbor and
    bringing the US into WWII.

9
US Response to Pearl Harbor
10
Japan Surrenders
11
Rebuilding Japan
  • After WWII, Japans economy was devastated. Many
    were homeless and without jobs.
  • With help from the US and the Japanese values of
    hard work and saving money, Japans industrial
    production regained prewar levels.
  • Today, Japan has one of the most powerful
    economies in the world.
  • Free enterprise is encouraged
  • Womens participation in the workforce has grown
    but few hold management postions
  • Of the 2/5 of Japanese women who work, many work
    part time or temporary jobs.

12
Japans Government Post WWII
  • The US occupied Japan until 1952, but it did help
    set up a new government.
  • Japan is a constitutional monarchy with rights
    and responsibilities of citizenship similar to
    the US.
  • The emperor is a symbolic head of state.

13
Values
  • In the US and many western cultures, people think
    of themselves as individuals first.
  • In Japan people think of themselves as part of a
    group first.
  • Social behavior is governed by ohn-based on
    Confucian principles of proper relationships.
  • Elders are highly respected and their needs come
    before an individuals needs.
  • Great consideration is given to the judgement of
    the elders.

14
Western Influence on Culture
15
Urban Life
  • 90 of Japanese live in urban areas
  • Many commute to jobs or school
  • Most cities have subway systems that are packed
    to capacity during rush hour
  • Railway tunnels connect the islands

16
Japanese contributions to Western Culture
  • Bonsai
  • Sushi
  • Japanese Tea Ceremony
  • Japanese gardens-stress simplicity in their
    designs
  • Japanese flower arranging

17
Questions
  • List causes and effects for the following
  • Us involvement in WWII
  • Cultural borrowing between Japan and the US
  • How have the events of Japans history impacted
    the rest of the world?
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