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Georgia s Redemption Years Redemption can mean recovery, deliverance, or rescue (1) For Georgia this era was a period for the state to redeem from the hardships of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Georgia

Georgias Redemption Years
  • Redemption can mean recovery, deliverance, or
  • (1) For Georgia this era was a period for the
    state to redeem from the hardships of

Atlanta experienced a rebirth after the Civil
War and began its rise from the ashes, slowly
becoming one of the more important cities in the
  • A City Rises from the Ashes
  • Atlanta becomes capital in 1868
  • Entrepreneurs, both black and white, developed
    new services and products.
  • New South Era was a time of terrible racism and
  • Segregation became the law of the land
  • Women played a big role in reform.

The Bourbon Triumvirate
  • (3) Three democratic leaders that heavily
    influenced Georgia Politics from 1872 -1890.
    Triumvirate means ruling party of three
  • Three Democrats that tried to help Georgia
    rebuild after Reconstruction
  • Dominated Georgia politics for nearly 30 years
    rotated positions of governor/U.S. Senator
  • Wanted stronger economic ties with industrial
  • (2)Protected white supremacy, the belief that the
    white race is superior to any other race.

Joseph E. Brown
  • Born in South Carolina but grew up in Georgia
  • Graduated from Yale
  • Opened a law office in Canton, Georgia
  • (4)State senator from1849 until 1855
  • Judge for Blue Ridge Judicial Circuit
  • Elected Georgias governor in 1857 and reelected
    for 3 more terms
  • Appointed chief justice of the Georgia Supreme
  • Appointed state seat after Gordon resigned and
    stayed there until 1891
  • Trustee of UGA for 23 years
  • President of the Atlanta Board of Education

Alfred H. Colquitt
  • Born in Walton County Georgia.
  • Son of US Senator (Colquitt County is named for
    his father)
  • Princeton University
  • Fought in the Mexican War
  • State Senator with Brown in 1849
  • Major General in Civil War
  • Elected Governor in 1876 and serving until 1882
  • He was tried for corruption, but found innocent
  • Reduced state debt and a new state constitution
    was approved 1877, the next one would be 1945
  • Served in the US Senate1883 and 1888, died 1894

John B. Gordon
  • Son of a minister, born in Upson County
  • Attended the University of Georgia
  • Worked as a newspaper correspondent
  • Manager of a coal mine in Dade County at
    beginning of Civil War
  • Lt. General in Civil War
  • In 1872, he became a US Senator defeating
    Alexander Stephens
  • In 1880, he resigned the senate and worked with
  • In 1886, he became Georgia Governor and served
    two terms
  • Reduced debt and brought industry into the state
  • Returned to US Senate in 1891-1897
  • Gordon College in Barnesville, is named after him.

(5)Decline of the triumvirate
  • Positive Contributions
  • Criticisms
  • Lowered taxes
  • Reduced war debt
  • Expanded business and industry
  • Did little to help
  • the poor and lower middle class
  • Education
  • Improve factory working conditions
  • Improve mental hospitals or convicts.

  • (6)The Feltons Challenge the Bourbons
  • William and Rebecca Latimer Felton
  • William was a doctor, Methodist preacher, farmer,
    and public speaker.
  • Both were leaders of the Democratic Party
  • Their family owned The Carterville Courant, a
  • They used their paper as a platform to criticize
    the Bourbon Triumvirate.
  • Brought attention
  • Unfairness of the convict lease system
  • Causes of the poor and middle class
  • Worked for fairness and justice
  • Rebecca was a leader in Womens Suffrage and
    Temperance Movements
  • In 1889, Hoke Smith asked her to be a columnist
    for the Atlanta Journal.
  • She remained with the Journal for 41 years.

The Convict Lease System
  • During the Civil War prisons were destroyed
  • After the War, lack of jobs led to crime
  • What was the state to do with increase of prison
    population? (90 were black)
  • One solution was the Convict Lease System

(7)Convict Lease System
Prisoners were leased out to people who would
provide them with housing and food in exchange
for labor.
  • Benefits
  • Criticisms
  • The state did not have to support the cost of
  • Initially, prisoners completed public works
  • Companies profited and did not care for the
    convicts adequately
  • Some prisoners were worked to death
  • Paid laborers lost out on jobs
  • Increased the large number of poor and unemployed.

The Populist Movement
  • Dr. and Mrs. Felton pushed for
  • Improvements in Education
  • Improvements in Prison reform
  • Limits on alcohol traffic

Henry W. Grady, the Souths Best Salesman
  • (8) Grady spoke frequently about the New South
    describing it as a more economically diverse and
    industrialized like the north.
  • Spoke of the growing southern economy, replacing
    agriculture with industry, textile mills, coal
    and iron mining, and tobacco factories
  • He wanted African Americans to become partners in
    developing the NEW SOUTH
  • Video

Grady died of Pneumonia at the age of 39. He
accomplished much in his short life.
(9) Henry W. Grady
  • Born in Athens
  • Graduated UGA
  • Attended 2 years of law school
  • Worked for a newspaper
  • Hired as Southern correspondent for the New York
  • Became managing editor of the Atlanta
  • Visionary for the New South
  • Believe that African Americans were partners for
    the New South
  • Helped establish Georgia Tech
  • Helped raise money for YMCA in Atlanta
  • Died at age 39 of pneumonia.

International Cotton Expositions1881, 1885 1895
  • Established to promote Atlantas industry

International Cotton Exposition
  • Similar to the Worlds Fairs held during same
    time period
  • Aimed to lure northern investment into region
  • Heavily promoted by Henry W. Grady

During 1895 Exposition, Booker T. Washington gave
his famous Atlanta Compromise Speech.
Education in the New South Era Outline
  • (10) Georgias 1868 Constitution called for free
    public education for all children o f the state.
  • (11) Most Georgians did not value education
    beyond the 8th grade and believed childrens time
    could be spent better working on farms or in
    factories. Georgia only required a three month
    school year. Schools were segregated.

Teacher Training late 1800s
  1. People who wanted to teach took a test
  2. Most had never been to college
  3. In 1882, 252 teachers went to school in Georgia

Textile Mills
  • (12) A textile mill is a factory that used raw
    materials such as cotton or wool to produce
    textile for cloth . Main manufacturing centers
    were located along the Fall Lin in Augusta,
    Columbus, and Macon for water power provided by
    the rivers.
  • Video

Timberland and Minerals
  • (13) Trees were turned into lumber used to
    replace buildings destroyed in the war and to
    build new factories, mills and housing.
  • Also- ships, furniture, and pulp and paper.
  • (14) Minerals found in Georgia include kaolin,
    gold, coal, bauxite

Joel Chandler Harris
  • Born in Eatonton, Georgia
  • Humorist (comedian)
  • Wrote about Southern past (slave, cabins, cotton
  • Most famous book- Uncle Remus
  • Wrote for Atlanta Constitution for 25 years
  • Wrote editorials dealing with southern race

Sidney Lanier
  • Native of Macon, Georgia
  • Gifted musician
  • Graduated from Oglethorpe University
  • Captured during the Civil War served 5 months
    in prison released and walked home from Maryland
    to Macon
  • Played flute in the Peabody Symphony
  • Taught at Johns Hopkins University
  • One of Americas most successful poets

Charles Henry Smith
  • Humorist/Satirist
  • Wrote for Atlanta Constitution
  • Native of Lawrenceville
  • Attended Franklin College
  • Served in Confederate Army
  • Elected to state senate
  • Elected mayor of Rome
  • Worked as journalist for Rome Courier
  • Created Bill Arp character, a simple Georgia
    cracker with little education and backwoods

Farmers Alliance
  • Began as a social group but formed cooperative
    buying stores (co-ops) to purchase goods directly
    from producers to buy seeds, fertilizer and farm
    tools at lower prices. This group grew into a
    political party, The Populist Party that lobbied
    for farmers.