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Foundations of Western Society in Europe

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Title: Foundations of Western Society in Europe


1
Foundations of Western Society in Europe
2
Question 1
  • 1. What Frankish King became the first Holy Roman
    Emperor?

3
Question 2
  • In addition to Magyars and Muslims, what third
    outside group invaded/plundered Europe during the
    8th and 9th centuries?

4
Question 3
  • In 1095, Pope Urban urged the knights of Europe
    to take up the cross. What did this mark the
    beginning of?

5
Question 4
  • St. Benedict set the broad guidelines of
    poverty, chastity, and obedience that would
    govern the majority of what religious
    institutions?

6
Middle Ages
  • Time Period, 500 to 1000 C.E.

7
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8
Let us recall the various roles that the
Byzantine Empire played upon the development of
Western Europe Most importantly as a BRIDGE,
but also as a religious and political authority
for the west.
9
Similarities
  • Post-Classical India (Harsha pages 406-407)
  • With one major difference, disconnected with
    world trade network
  • Also, very similar to
  • Feudal Japan (page 399)

10
Major Developments
  • Disruption from invasion, rampant depopulation,
    political order was restored
  • Not Centralized Government, but instead
    decentralized political order focused upon local
    and regional lords and rulers
  • Feudal System (politically)
  • Manorial System (economically)

11
Major Developments
  • Slow, economic recovery
  • No large cities develop
  • No powerful industrial economy
  • Instead, focused on agricultural development

12
Major Developments
  • 1. Rise of the Roman Catholic Church
  • Powerful civilizing force
  • Religious leadership and cultural unity and
    continuity
  • Similar role to Confucianism, Buddhism, Islam,
    Orthodox Christianity, and Hinduism

13
Major Players and Vital Vocabulary
  • Franks
  • Roman Catholic Church
  • Clovis
  • Pepin
  • Charles Martel
  • Charlemagne
  • Missi Dominici
  • Count
  • Monasticism
  • Vikings
  • Magyars
  • Battle of Tours
  • Feudalism
  • Serf
  • Viking
  • Magyar
  • Manor
  • Pope Gregory I
  • St. Benedict

14
Lets Be Frank
  • Clovis
  • Merovingian
  • Roman vs. Arian
  • Major Domo
  • Charles Martel
  • Battle of Tours, 732 C.E.
  • Pepin the Short
  • Carolus Magnus
  • Centralization Process
  • Count
  • Missi Dominici
  • Abu al-Abbas
  • Campaigns
  • Holy Roman Emperor?

15
What are the pros and cons of being the Holy
Roman Emperor?
16
  • Can you read the inscription on the stone on the
    bottom?

17
Charlemagne Centralized Ally to
Rome Schools Conversion Poor succession, no
primogeniture
18
Frankish Timeframe
  • Clovis 481 C.E.
  • Battle of Tours 732 C.E.
  • Death of Louis the Pious 843 C.E.

19
Invasions marked the 8th and 9th centuries
  • Magyars
  • Muslims
  • Vikings

20
Norse, were they raiders or conquerors?
21
Vikings
  • Technology
  • Trade
  • Piracy
  • Settling
  • Exploring
  • Empire Building
  • Longboats
  • Kievan Rus
  • Monastic Prayer
  • Iceland, Greenland, Newfoundland
  • Rollo/Normandy, Danegeld, Rus, England, Ireland,

22
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23
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24
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25
Feudalism
  • Decentralized, and born out of necessity
  • Ruralization, due to what?
  • Regional and Local Authority, highly adaptable to
    different regions but extremely convoluted as
    well
  • Political Organization-Feudal System
  • Serfs
  • Economic Organization- Manorial System

26
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27
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28
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29

Nobility king, lord, lesser lord emperor, shogun, daimyo
Warriors knights samurai
Code of conduct chivalry bushido
Evolution Both practices developed in response to the need for security and stability everyone had well-defined social roles helped preserve law and order Both practices developed in response to the need for security and stability everyone had well-defined social roles helped preserve law and order
Europe
Japan
30
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31
Christendom
  • Franks, Charlemagnes bargain to the Saxons
  • Popes and Monastaries did the rest
  • Pope Gregory I, recentralized the church, gained
    converts, and secured the region of rome from
    invasion
  • St. Benedicts rule, organized monastaries and
    allowed them to grow

32
Monastacism
  • Contributions to medieval society
  • Inns (safe place)
  • Orphanages
  • Hospitals
  • Schools
  • Libraries
  • Haven for the Literate, Academians
  • Storage of Culture

33
Serfdom
  • Was it slavery?
  • What enabled agricultural recovery that then
    would re-establish the population?

34
New Technology
Heavy Plow
Horse Collar
35
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