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The Etruscans and Early Rome

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The Etruscans and Early Rome ... Statuary Bronzes Bronzes Warriors helmet Etruscan Military ... 3 kinds of divination Prayer And Sacrifice Animism Omens ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Etruscans and Early Rome


1
The Etruscans and Early Rome
2
Geography of Italy
3
(No Transcript)
4
Etruscans
5
Early Etruscans
  • Agricultural life
  • Where did they come from?
  • Trade
  • Etruscan society
  • Expansion

6
Burial customs
  • City of the dead

7
Religion
  • Pantheon

8
Threats And Decline
  • Disunity

9
Art
  • Jewelry

10
Art
  • Statuary

11
Bronzes
12
Bronzes
  • Warriors helmet

13
Etruscan Military
14
Early Rome
15
Legends
  • Aeneas
  • Romulus and Remus

16
Early History
  • Villages
  • Greek traders

17
Age of Kings
18
Comitia Curiata
  • Clans
  • Imperium
  • Tarquin I

19
Citizen Army
  • Legions
  • Centuries
  • Comitia Centuriata

20
The Roman Republic
21
Founding
  • Traditional vs. actual beginnings
  • Aristocracy

22
Roman Society
  • Divisions

23
Roman Government
  • Executive functions-Consuls
  • Senate
  • Assemblies
  • Officers
  • Censors
  • Praetor
  • Aediles
  • Quaestors
  • Tribunes

24
Class Warfare
  • Patricians
  • Plebeians
  • Twelve Tables
  • Lictian-Sextian Laws
  • Lex Hortensia

25
Expansion of Rome
  • Peaceful
  • Military conquest

26
Punic Wars
  • Carthage
  • First Punic War
  • Second and Third Punic Wars
  • Hamilcar, Hasdrubal, Hannibal

27
Cato The Censor
  • Politician

28
Polybius
  • Universal History

29
Why War And Imperialism?
  • Defense vs. aggression

30
Growth of Empire
  • Macedonia, Greece, Carthage, Pergamum

31
Beginnings of Unrest
  • Powerful men

32
The Gracchi
  • Tiberius Gracchi
  • Gaius Gracchi

33
Marius
  • Professional army

34
Sulla
  • Dictator

35
Pompey
  • Problem solver

36
Julius Caesar
  • Many talents
  • First triumvirate
  • Historian
  • General

37
From Augustus To Fall Of The Empire
38
The Good Emperor
  • Attributes
  • Hard worker
  • Maintain public order and defense
  • Sensitive
  • Games and public works
  • Success in war

39
Decline And Fall
  • Last of the good emperors
  • Weakness in the empire
  • Civil Service
  • Slavery
  • Army

40
Theories Of The Fall
  • Upper class warfare
  • Economic downturn
  • Soil
  • Manpower shortage
  • Invasions of barbarians

41
Roman Religion
42
Introduction
  • Rituals/State cult

43
Origins
  • Greek influence
  • Etruscans
  • 3 kinds of divination

44
Prayer And Sacrifice
  • Animism
  • Omens

45
Worship In The Home
  • Vesta
  • Janus
  • Lares
  • Penates
  • Genius
  • Births Deaths
  • Fields

46
State Worship
  • Pontifex Maximus
  • Four colleges

47
Worship In The Empire
  • Foreign religions become important
  • Cybele
  • Mithras
  • Festivals
  • Parentilia
  • Lupercalia
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